imc indymedia

Los Angeles Indymedia : Activist News

white themeblack themered themetheme help
About Us Contact Us Calendar Publish RSS
Features
latest news
best of news
syndication
commentary


KILLRADIO

VozMob

ABCF LA

A-Infos Radio

Indymedia On Air

Dope-X-Resistance-LA List

LAAMN List




IMC Network:

Original Cities

www.indymedia.org africa: ambazonia canarias estrecho / madiaq kenya nigeria south africa canada: hamilton london, ontario maritimes montreal ontario ottawa quebec thunder bay vancouver victoria windsor winnipeg east asia: burma jakarta japan korea manila qc europe: abruzzo alacant andorra antwerpen armenia athens austria barcelona belarus belgium belgrade bristol brussels bulgaria calabria croatia cyprus emilia-romagna estrecho / madiaq euskal herria galiza germany grenoble hungary ireland istanbul italy la plana liege liguria lille linksunten lombardia london madrid malta marseille nantes napoli netherlands nice northern england norway oost-vlaanderen paris/Île-de-france patras piemonte poland portugal roma romania russia saint-petersburg scotland sverige switzerland thessaloniki torun toscana toulouse ukraine united kingdom valencia latin america: argentina bolivia chiapas chile chile sur cmi brasil colombia ecuador mexico peru puerto rico qollasuyu rosario santiago tijuana uruguay valparaiso venezuela venezuela oceania: adelaide aotearoa brisbane burma darwin jakarta manila melbourne perth qc sydney south asia: india mumbai united states: arizona arkansas asheville atlanta austin baltimore big muddy binghamton boston buffalo charlottesville chicago cleveland colorado columbus dc hawaii houston hudson mohawk kansas city la madison maine miami michigan milwaukee minneapolis/st. paul new hampshire new jersey new mexico new orleans north carolina north texas nyc oklahoma philadelphia pittsburgh portland richmond rochester rogue valley saint louis san diego san francisco san francisco bay area santa barbara santa cruz, ca sarasota seattle tampa bay tennessee urbana-champaign vermont western mass worcester west asia: armenia beirut israel palestine process: fbi/legal updates mailing lists process & imc docs tech volunteer projects: print radio satellite tv video regions: oceania united states topics: biotech

Surviving Cities

www.indymedia.org africa: canada: quebec east asia: japan europe: athens barcelona belgium bristol brussels cyprus germany grenoble ireland istanbul lille linksunten nantes netherlands norway portugal united kingdom latin america: argentina cmi brasil rosario oceania: aotearoa united states: austin big muddy binghamton boston chicago columbus la michigan nyc portland rochester saint louis san diego san francisco bay area santa cruz, ca tennessee urbana-champaign worcester west asia: palestine process: fbi/legal updates process & imc docs projects: radio satellite tv
printable version - js reader version - view hidden posts - tags and related articles

View article without comments

The Perfect Totalitarian Rule: Orwell

by Carl Sulz Friday, Jan. 05, 2018 at 11:55 AM
marc1seed@yahoo.com

The security state is different than the constitutional state and is marked by the generalization of fear, de-politization and forms without substance. In 1984, Orwell warned of totalitarianism where the past was erased and the Party created a new language.

THE PERFECT TOTALITARIAN RULE



Elements of Totalitarianism according to Orwell's 1984



By Carl Sulz



[This reading sample of Carl Sulz' eBook "The Perfect Totalitarian Rule" is translated from the German on the Internet, www.grin.com.]



Introduction



"What is really evil is our speechless horror when we cannot say anything but this should not have ever happened" [1]. This quotation from Hannah Arendt could be an introduction to this study on George Orwell's "1984" since Orwell's dystopia has the end as the beginning. The plot begins in a world ruled by three great super-states: Eurasia, Oceania and East Asia. These are most likely in a constant war for a few countries that could be described as a "no man's land." That this is limited to a few skirmishes with a few specialized troops is characteristic for this "war." A "conventional" war is no longer possible in this world. The three super-states are self-sufficient and equally strong. None can win definitively and none can lose definitively. This information should be only accepted cautiously since there is no objective, independent information in the world described by Orwell. The past was paraphrased and changed so that what "really" happened and what was the pure fantasy of the party were blurred. The present was not only defined by propaganda. "The past was wiped out, the obliterated forgotten and the lie became the truth" [2].



This uncertainty equal to a nightmare (one was never sure what was real and what was not) is characteristic for nearly all elements of the novel. Doubts are hardly allowed. The form for all three states was perfect totalitarianism. Orwell's dystopia is certainly one of the most important works of the 20th century because it shows what should never have happened. There is no way back, no hope for "better times" when a system like that described by Orwell becomes established. In the stage described by Orwell, a perfect totalitarianism system dominates the present and the past and – consequently – the future. "Whoever controls the past controls the future. Whoever controls the present controls the past." [3]



Dystopia itself inadequately answers the question how such a perfect system came about. Only the sporadic fragmentary memories of the protagonist Winston could preserve information about the world before 1984 since no notes from the past existed (at least no authentic notes). These memories were blurred and no concrete clues existed for the questions "how" or "why" (for example, the random shootings in the streets of London).



Thus "only" the questions remained – according to Orwell – how a perfect totalitarian system must act, what institutions and what persons it needs to ring in the end of history, to make all progress succumb and initiate people in their worst (and possibly last) chapter.



To analyze these questions, the Orwellian system was divided into its most characteristic elements viewed as pillars of a perfect totalitarianism. Analyses of Hannah Arendt and the Institute for Totalitarianism Research of the Technical University of Dresden produced themes for totalitarianism research. A summary of the themes will conclude this study. How far does the totalitarianism described by Orwell represent a real threat to contemporary civilization? Should Orwell's warning be taken seriously? The generic masculine is used in this study.



Elements of Perfect Totalitarian Rule



While the term ideology is blurred in political science, it is very suited to describe the actions "of the party" and the society terrorized by the Party. In this study, ideology is defined as a "system of thought that serves as a general orientation for interpreting social reality. Ideology legitimates power claims in political life and contains crypto-normative and false ideas alongside genuine insights, judgments, norms, and appeals to action. Its unjustified truth-claims and untruths are referred back to an interest-conditioned bias of its producers and defenders." [4]



Truth



That "genuine" and "counterfeit" truths mix in the ideology of the Party and a third "truth" results that is passed on to the people is typical. The mixture of the historically past and the past created by the Party is characteristic of this truth particle. Without documents and authentic evidence, the constructed truth of the Party becomes the only valid truth. A truth monopoly arises. "Whatever the Party considers truth is the truth." [5] This monopoly is important for a totalitarian system since it promises complete control and command and allows facts to be despised and lies to be converted into truth. [6]



This Party truth can seemingly even twist real natural science laws. This was clear during the torture of the protagonist Winston. For example, he was repeatedly ordered to see five extended fingers instead of four. "When the Party says there are five, not four – how many are there?" [7] Pretending to believe the Party reality is not possible. The "Inquisitor" O'Brien catches Winston in every lie and punishes him through even more dreadful tortures. Winston did not really know anymore how many fingers were held up in front of him. The first step of his "healing" was complete. [8]



These texts could serve as an example for another important facet of the perfect totalitarian ideology: the total destruction of opposition. By opposition, a resistance group like the Bruderschaft (the Brotherhood) is not meant. Rather the opposition is in the form of thoughts or not-believing Party doctrine. The destruction of such enemies occurred "classically" in the past history of humanity through their physical execution, one time with more and another time with fewer suffering. That oppositional thought cannot be killed is problematic. A martyr was created. The whole disgrace struck the Inquisitor." [9] Therefore the system in "1984" perfected the destruction system since no martyrs could be created anymore.



This destruction is accomplished by two methods: on one side, the complete breaking of a person, his complete "reprogramming," and on the other side through the complete erasure of his existence. The remembrance of one's nearest relatives is either automatically extinguished or at least repressed by execution or by fear and not only personal acts or articles of the extinguished person. The second method is only possible when a system successfully controls and constantly rewrites all times…



O'Brien declared: "All the confessions are genuine. We see to that." [10] Even if this may seem absurd, it is a horrible reality in "1984." Winston was "healed" or "released" after months of torture (both physical and psychic). He was completely socialized, waited for death and declared: "Now, it was good. Everything was in order. The struggle came to an end. He had overcome himself. He loved the Big Brother." [11] The total destruction was now really successful.



Constant War



The constant war is another important aspect of totalitarian ideology. In the novel, this war was made concrete by occasional missile strikes in residential areas, endless propaganda of important victories and conquests, changing alliances and public executions of alleged pacifists. That the war between the three powers had no material, territorial or ideological reason is significant. [12] The essence of the perfect totalitarian system is the complete control of people and what is better suited than a constant threat of war? This situation is embodied by the Party itself, particularly its slogan "war is peace." Concretely, this means constant war hysteria, acts like rape, pillaging, and tortures of prisoners of war. [13] The real aim of war is the constant shortage of consumer goods and "consuming products without raising the standard of living." [14]



The Party propaganda ensures that the hunger and fear of the population are directed against the imaginary) enemy, the pacifist or war enemy. "Hate Week" can be seen as a special manifestation of this orientation. The result is both insidious and efficient. People cling to their system that fights against the enemy and ensures "glorious times" can be expected in the future. That war is peace can be claimed since wars in their classical definition do not exist anymore.



The New Person



Totalitarianism research assumes totalitarian systems are subject to a constant evolution or permanent revolution. [15] and are not static.



"We assume totalitarian systems pass through a constant evolution that includes growth and degeneration and are not fixed and static structures." [16] This is clear in Orwell's dystopia. The Party tries to create a new person – perfect in its sense. Its goal is a person completely without engagements and capability for critical reflection or critical thinking. Two paths are followed: the new creation of a "perfect" language and the abolition of interpersonal bonds.



The new perfect language in "1984" is called "Newspeak" and has only one objective: "narrowing thought possibilities. Last but not least, thought crimes are made literally impossible because there are no words to express them anymore." A critical confrontation of individuals with reality is impossible since language is dominated by the thought patterns of the Party. Thought-models are prescribed in which the members must move. [17] Together with language and literature, the person and everything that makes ups his or her human nature – freedom, individuality, critical thinking, and imagination – is condemned to ruin." [18]



According to this ideology, the new – perfect – person has no interpersonal relations anymore that go beyond reproduction. This is true for the family itself. Through betrayal and eavesdropping, parents must fear their children. "Nothing is in the limelight as much as a betrayal. Who was not betrayed and who is not betrayed?" [19] During his imprisonment, Winston met Parson who was watched in his sleep by his daughter and now (thankfully) awaited his condemnation as a thought-criminal. [20] The love between a man and a woman was too dangerous to the Party for it to continue. So marriages were only allowed when both partners had no feelings for one another. Sex was restricted to mere reproduction. Extra-marital sex (with other Party members) entailed the most severe punishments. Not without reason, Winston declared:



"Today, there was neither pure love nor pure pleasure. No feeling was pure anymore since everything was mixed with fear and hatred. Julia's embrace had been a battle and orgasm a victory. It was a blow against the Party, a political act." [21]



The relation (or love) to another person mostly represented the last bastion of the private, a place of relaxation and reflection. A "revolutionary explosiveness" [22] is inherent in both that even the new person cannot control. […]



NOTES

[1] S. Arendt, Hannah: Über das Böse. München: Piper Verlag, 2006. S. 45

[2] S. Bracher, Karl Dietrich: Die totalitäre Erfahrung. München: Pieper Verlag, 1987. S. 61.

[3] S. Orwell, George: 1984. München: Ullstein Verlag, 2003 (24. Auflage). S. 298.

[4] S. Nohlen, Dieter: Lexikon der Politik. Band 1. Berlin: Directmedia, 2003. S. 192.

[5] Vgl. Orwell, George: 1984. S. 300.

[6] Vgl. Arendt, Hannah: Elemente und Ursprünge totaler Herrschaft. München: R. Pieper GmbH & Co. KG, 1986. S. 558.

[7] S. Orwell, George: 1984. S. 300.

[8] Vgl. Ebd. S. 304.

[9] Vgl. Orwell, George: 1984. S. 305.

[10] Vgl. Ebd.

[11] Vgl. Ebd. S. 357.

[12] Vgl. Ebd. S. 224.

[13] Vgl. Orwell, George: 1984. S. 224f.

[14] Verl. Ebd. S. 227.

[15] Vgl. Arendt, Hannah: Elemente und Ursprünge totaler Herrschaft. S. 610.

[16] Vgl. Friedrich, Carl Joachim; Brzezinski, Zbigniew: Die allgemeinen Merkmale der totalitären Diktatur. In: Jesse, Eckhard (Hrsg.): Totalitarismus im 20. Jahrhundert. Eine Bilanz der internationalen Forschung. Bonn: Bundeszentrale für politische Bildung, 1996. S. 227.

[17] Zech, Stefanie: Warnung vor dem übermächtigen Staat. Die Zerstörung von Sprache und Literatur in Orwells „Nineteen Eighty-Four" und Bradburys „Fahrenheit 451". In: Schriftenreihe und Materialien der Phantastischen Bibliothek Wetzlar. Wetzlar: Förderkreis Phantastik in Wetzlar e.V., 1995. S. 51.

[18] Vgl. Ebd. S. 62.

[19] S. Plank, Robert: Orwells 1984. Eine psychologische Studie. Frankfurt a.M.: Suhrkamp Taschenbuch Verlag, 1983. S. 98.

[20] Vgl. Orwell, George: 1984. S. 282.

[21] Vgl. Ebd. S. 155.

[22] Vgl. Henrich, Rolf: Der vormundschaftliche Staat. Vom Versagen des real existierenden Sozialismus. Hamburg: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH, 1989. S. 267.

Report this post as:

Neoliberalism is a soft totalitarianism

by marc Monday, Jan. 08, 2018 at 10:53 AM

The Republicans may thrown out the Twitterer after they are thrown out in November.

Economic stagnation is the new normal.

Representing workers, seniors, minorities, disabled, students,and children is worlds away from representing the Koch brothers and discredited Ayn Rand trickle-down mythology.

Celebration, abundance and resistance are part of our nature as antibodies are part of our bodies.

Report this post as:

Judge Blocks Trump

by marc Wednesday, Jan. 10, 2018 at 8:54 AM

https://www.yahoo.com/news/judge-blocks-trump-decision-end-041658365.html

A Federal District Judge ruled Trump did not consider the "real and palpable" damage that DACA children would face upon deportation. The system fights back against the incompetent and incoherent Twitterer.
Report this post as:

Local News

Why Should California Choose De Leon Over Feinstein? O10 9:55PM

Change Links September 2018 posted S02 10:22PM

More Scandals Rock Southern California Nuke Plant San Onofre A30 11:09PM

Site Outage Friday A30 3:49PM

Change Links August 2018 A14 1:56AM

Setback for Developer of SC Farm Land A12 11:09PM

More problems at Shutdown San Onofre Nuke J29 10:40PM

Change Links 2018 July posted J09 8:27PM

More Pix: "Families Belong Together," Pasadena J02 7:16PM

"Families Belong Together" March, Pasadena J02 7:08PM

Short Report on the Families Belong Together Protest in Los Angeles J30 11:26PM

Summer 2018 National Immigrant Solidarity Network News Alert! J11 6:58AM

Watch the Debate: Excluded Candidates for Governor of California M31 5:20AM

Change Links June 2018 posted M28 7:41AM

The Montrose Peace Vigil at 12 Years M22 8:01PM

Unity Archive Project M21 9:42AM

Dianne Feinstein's Promotion of War, Secret Animal Abuse, Military Profiteering, Censorshi M17 10:22PM

CA Senate Bill 1303 would require an independent coroner rather than being part of police M10 9:08PM

Three years after OC snitch scandal, no charges filed against sheriffs deputies M10 8:57PM

California police agencies violate Brown Act (open meetings) M02 8:31PM

Insane Company Wants To Send Nuke Plant Waste To New Mexico A29 11:47PM

Change Links May 2018 A27 8:40AM

Worker-Owned Car Wash on Vermont Closed A27 5:37AM

More Local News...

Other/Breaking News

Apocalypse capitalisme O20 7:45AM

Stress, réaction organique à l'agression O19 6:59AM

Elder Aliyah to Israel, Like Abraham and Sarah O18 6:35PM

Politoscope plurivalent O17 6:59AM

Paraphysique du microcosme macrocosme O15 6:44AM

September 2018 Honduras coup update O15 3:31AM

The Nation Unites Against Brian Kemp, Most Racist Secretary of State in US O14 7:34AM

The Nation Unites Against Brian Kemp, Most Racist Secretary of State in US O14 7:23AM

Paraphysique de l'ubérisation O13 7:56AM

22 Ways Trump Has Increased US Deficit By 4 to 5 Trillion Dollars O12 10:34PM

Debunking Some Anti-Prop 10 Propaganda O12 6:56AM

Plus d'hôpitaux, à bas les aéros O12 6:38AM

When Banana Ruled (documentary) O11 3:00AM

Outstanding Report By RAMOLA D &Dr.Tomo Shibata O10 9:17PM

Dark Clouds Gather on Horizon for Financial System, Warns International Monetary Fund O10 1:51PM

Fbi pure evil & immorality O10 5:39AM

Reality Check: Palestinian-Israeli Coexistence is a Big Lie O09 7:40PM

Voiceless Animals: 2018 Candidates They Oppose O09 7:01PM

IMF Lowers Global Growth Projections and Raises Concerns of Financial Crisis O09 3:27PM

Canitie, l'inhumanité vieillit O09 7:13AM

L'anarchie en quelques exemples O07 6:50AM

100 Ways GOP Have Stolen Elections Since 1876 O06 12:03AM

Proximospective de l'univocité réifiée O05 6:27AM

“Kava-no!!!” O04 6:42PM

Trump & Palestine vs. Genesis, Rashi & The Land of Israel O03 6:29PM

The Criminality of the Elites O03 11:35AM

Business de l'inhumanitaire O03 7:51AM

Marriage Rape/Date Rape Highest Rapes O02 2:59PM

More Breaking News...
© 2000-2018 Los Angeles Independent Media Center. Unless otherwise stated by the author, all content is free for non-commercial reuse, reprint, and rebroadcast, on the net and elsewhere. Opinions are those of the contributors and are not necessarily endorsed by the Los Angeles Independent Media Center. Running sf-active v0.9.4 Disclaimer | Privacy