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Norway attacks/Result of extreme right populism in Europe

by Astrid Essed Tuesday, Aug. 16, 2011 at 10:06 PM

Contrary to the mainstream media, the Norway terror attacks are not the action of a ''lone wolf'', but stem from the climate of hatred, which is incited by the extreme right leaders in Europe






NORWAY ATTACKS/RESULT OF EXTREME RIGHT POPULISM IN EUROPE

INTRODUCTION:

Dear Editor and readers

Hereby I present to you my article about the Norway massacre
It is dedicated to them, who were killed, defending basic human rights, that all men are created free and equal and have the same rights
It urges us to continue their struggle

I quote Olav Magnus Linge [Norway's Socialist Youth]

“For all dead comrades, not a minute's silence, but a life of struggle."

May they rest in peace

Kind greetings

Astrid Essed
Amsterdam
The Netherlands


NORWAY TERROR ATTACKS/RESULT OF EXTREME RIGHT POPULISM IN EUROPE




''These atrocities have come as a shock to the entire world and the international community is appalled by the flagrant disregard for human life shown by the perpetrator of these crimes''

AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL/PUBLIC STATEMENT
SOLIDARITY WITH NORWEGIAN PEOPLE

http://www.amnesty.org/en/library/asset/EUR36/001/2011/en/4d3bc195-3044-47aa-ade4-4cd13e78f108/eur360012011en.html

http://www.amnesty.org/en/library/info/EUR36/001/2011/en


“For all dead comrades, not a minute's silence, but a life of struggle."

—Olav Magnus Linge, Norway's Socialist Youth


WHAT HAPPENED:

At friday the 22th of july a shock went through the world by two terror attacks in Norway
A bombing attack on Oslo's central government district and a shooting attack on the youth camp of the Norway Labour Party at the island of Utoya
In totally 77 people were killed, mostly young ones at the youth camp between 14 and 25 years [1]


BREIVIK

The Utoya shooter and suspect [2] of the bombing attack were on and the same person, the extreme right wing ''christian'' fundamentalist [3] Anders Breivik, who had the guts to state after his arrest, that his deed was ''gruesome, but necessary'' [4]
This act of horror was meant a ''statement'' against multicultural society and the presence of muslims in Norway
The Norwegian Labour Party was the target because of her ''tolerance'' against migrants and minorities [5]

According to the police he acted on his own
Further investigation will show, whether he had possible collaboratprs or if there are more ''cells'' of a broader organisation, as Breivik claims [6]

However:
Contrary with the mainstream media, these terror attacks don;t come ''out of the blue'' and are not merely the work of a ''disturbed loner'' [7]
THE BREIVIK KILLINGS STEMS FROM THE YEARLONG GROWING RACISM IN EUROPE, WHICH HAS BEEN TOLERATED AND ARTIFICIALLY CULTIVATED [8]
Yearlong hatred sowing against muslims, migrants and refugees

BREIVIK'S MANIFESTO
''EUROPEAN DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE''
'
Breivik's views and ideology:

Breivik's views in his ''European Declaration of Independence, partly copied from the Unabomber [9]:are extreme agressive, demonstrate obsessed hatred for Islam, muslims, migrants and all political leftist.ideologies, parties and people.

See four main points of his hatred sowing Manifest:

1) Mass immigration and the Islam are the main treaths for the Western society
2) Like communism and fascism, the Islam is a toralitarian ideology, which has caused millions of victims
3) The gate of this Islam ''treath'' has been opened by the multicultural ideology of the ruling class
4) Head responsibles of the spreading of the ''Islam treath'' are the ''cultural marxists'', which are represented mainly by the Social Democrat parties [10]

Obsessed with violence:

The terror attacks show it:
Breivik chooses the way of extreme violence
However, his Manifesto proves it loudly and clearly [11]
In his eyes, Western countries are ''at war'' with the Islam, ''armed resistance'' or ''self defence'' is necessary and actually only a military coup should be the solution.
Besides agressive racism and scapegoat theories, committing a military coup is an important extreme right view
Another ''legitimated'' merhod Breivik defended in his Manifesto is the committing of terror attacks, which he himself committed [12]

Apart from nonsense about the wars of European kingdoms with the Turkish Ottoman Empire, Breuvik states, that he and eight others allegedly founded a new Order of Templars, referring on the bloody Western Crisades in Palestine during the Middle Ages
In the tradition of extreme right ideology he calls himself a ''Crusader'' [13]

Of course he wanted a broad forwarding of his hatred ''Manifesto''
He himself spread it in extreme right circles in Europe

Adnmirations and sympathies:

In his Manifesto he called as ''great examples'' the Dutch former anti immigration leader P Fortuyn, anti Islam filmmaker T van Gogh, anti-Islam politician Hirsi Ali, who should win the Nobelprize fir Peace [according to Breivik]

And extreme right leader of the PVV, Wilders [14]
From all anti Islam figures in the Netherlands he calls Wilders the most

Other sources of admiration are the British extreme right EDL organisation and the group ''Stop Islamisation of Europe'' [SOE] [15]
He allegedly had contact with the EDL, when he came to Great Britain because of the visit of Wilders [16]


BREIVIK AND THE EXTREME RIGHT POPULIST MOVEMENTS IN EUROPE

The Manifesto is extreme right and anti Islam, as are the individuals Breivik contacted and the persons and organisations he admires.
THEREFORE IT IS NONSENSE TO ASSUME THAT THE ATTACKS ARE AN ''ISOLATED ACT!''

Not only the Breivik views are a copy of the extreme right views, his acts are deeply influenced by the post 11 september rise of the demonic racist climate in Europe


THE ADVANCEMENT OF XENOPHPOBIA IN EUROPE

Faster than an infectious disease, political and social racism has spread over Europe, which is uttered in hatred against Islam and muslims, ''non-western'' inhabitants and refugees
Mostly it is accompanied by a hatred against ''liberal'' or ''socialist'' parties, politicians and organisations
Squatters are also among the scapegoats

Politically populist and racist parties have obtained great electoral victories in several European countries like the Netherlands, Italy, Denmark, Switzerland, Sweden, Norway, etc
At society level racism shows itself in discussions, which launch an agressive attack on the cultural identity of national minorities
As well at political as social level it is a common view, that the ''multicultural society has failed'' [17]

For this clear political attack on the rights of national minorities, the Dutch racist leader Janmaat was convicted in the nineties [18]
This shows, how the political climate has turned to racism

Other examples are the tightened integration demands and the headscarf and Burqa hysteria [19]
In France and Belgiium there is a ban on wearing Burqa's in public, on which Human Rights Watch and Amnesty have uttered fundamental criticism [20]
So far the populists go

But the story of racisn goes on:
In Switzerland there is a prohibition of building minattes on mosques and non Swiss inhabitants are automatically deported when committing a crime, even when they are legally in Switzerland [21]
In France Roma mass deportations of Roma took place, despite the EU and international prohibition on discrimination [22]

Extreme right parties in government:

In some European countries like Denmark and the Netherland, an extreme right party supports a government, without actually being a part of the government [23]
And still worse: In Italy, the extreme right Lega Nord is full part of the Italian government [24]
However the most dangerous is not the phenomenon of racist populist parties, but the ''regular'' parties adopting points of view from the populists, in order to gain electoral victory.
Recently European Commissioner for Home Affairs Cecilia Malstrom stated in her weblog, that too few European leaders make a stand against the dangerous xenofobic rhetoric of the far right parties, thus creating a climate for the Breiviks of this world [25]
She is one of the few European politicians to make such a firm stand

Extreme right violence has spread through whole Europe, especially since the 11 september attacks, but also before
In the Netherlands post 11 september violence showed itself in a wave of verbal and fysical attacks on muslims and arson attacks on Mosques, directly after the 11 september attacks and the murder of anti Islam filmmaker T van Gogh in 2004 [26]
Nowadays, attacks on Mosques show themselves nearly each month
Sometimes there is directly referred to extreme right PVV leader Wilders [27]
Except for the Netherlands, as in the USA as in Europe, attacks on Mosques are regular [28]

EXTREME RIGHT IN NORWAY

Before the fatal Norway attacks, there already was a lot of extreme right violence in Norway, especially in the ninetees
Verbal and fysical attacks, treaths, street violence, arson and killings all took place
In 2001, a black teenager was shot by neo nazi's [29]
In 2009 the extreme right Norwegian Progress Party got 23 percent in parliamentary election
Only the Labour Party is bigger [30]


DUTCH RACIST POPULISM

The advancement of Dutch racism has penetrated all parts of society
Opinion leaders as the mainstream politicians openly state, that ''multiculturism has failed [31]
For that statement, extreme right leader Janmaat has been convicted in the ninetees [32]
At governmental level, the racist PVV of Wilders supports the government, without actually ruling.
The State politics are racist because of this PVV influence
The socalled ''left'' parties don't really fight the PVV racism and are afraid to take a firm stand

Society discussions are poisened by racism, like the politics
But also the Court has been affected, since Wilders is acquitted from incitement to hatred and discrimination
According to the Court, discriminatory statements are allowed, as long as they fit in society discussion [33]

WILDERS AND BREIVIK

SAME VIEWS
SAME MESSAGE OF EVIL

IT'S NO IMPORTANCE, THAT WILDERS TAKES A DISTANCE OF BREIVIK [34], THEY ARE BOTH OBSESSED BY THE SAME
VIEWS
THE SAME MESSAGE OF EVIL

Just like Wilders Breivik is obsessed by hatred about the Islam, muslim and migrants
They both are repulsed by the multicultural society
Breivik as well as Wilders incite a war hysteria against the Islam and muslims
Both they are violent adversaries from the left parties and ideology [35]

Wilders and Breivik share the four main points of Breiviks ''European Declaration of Independence''
It is no coincidence whatsoever, that Wilders has also used the term 'Declaration of Independence''

The Breivik/Wilders message is the same
The same extreme right thoughts
The same disregard for humanity

THE SAME WORDS FROM HELL


BREIVIK TRIAL
CALL FOR DEATH PENALTY

Since the Norway attacks, among many people there is a call for the death penalty, perhaps since the maximum punishment for Breivik, when found guilty, is 21 years [36]
Maybe this is uttered in the moment of the emotion
However I consider the death penalty as a cruel and inhumane punishment, which should be abolished worldwide
Besides there is always the risk, that an innocent person is executed [37]

Anyway:
Everybody has the right on life, regardless the committed crime
That includes Breivik.

EPILOGUE:

Breivik killings don't come ''out of the blue''
The desastrous populism in Europe and especially the hatespeech populistic parties and their leaders have created a climate, which brought Breivik to his massacre [38]
They can denounce Breivik, their co responsibility still exist

Hatespeech against ''the others'' in society is dangerous
Words can be lethal without firing the gun

THEREFORE ALL POPULIST PARTIES AND ORGANISATIONS, SO ALSO WILDERS AND HIS PVV ARE AS WELL POLITICALLY AS MORALLY CO RESPONSIBLE FOR THE NORWAY MASSACRE!

It is high time, that not only European leaders stand up against populism
Parliamentary left must shake off its cowardice and again take the leading role to fight against racism

To prevent new massacres

LIBERTE, EQUALITE, FRATERNITE!

Kind greetings
Astrid Essed

Amsterdam
The Netherlands




[1]


THE GUARDIAN
OSLO HIT BY BOMB EXPLOSION AND YOUTH SHOT AT CAMP
22 JULY 2011

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2011/jul/22/norway-attacks-oslo-bomb-explosion

THE BOSTON GLOBE
UN SECURITY COUNCIL CONDEMNS NORWAY ATTACK
23 JULY 2011

http://www.boston.com/news/nation/articles/2011/07/23/un_security_council_condemns_norway_attack/


ABC NEWS
WORLD LEADERS CONDEMN NORWEGIAN ATTACKS
23 JULY 2011

http://www.abc.net.au/news/2011-07-23/norway-bomb-shooting-attacks-shock/2807220



BBC
NORWAY ATTACKS: THE VICTIMS

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-14276074

BBC
REMEMBERING NORWAY'S ''LOST GENERATION''
29 JULY 2011

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-14350366


THE GUARDIAN
UTOYA SHOOTINGS:
OUR SON TEXTED US: I LOVE YOU, I DON'T THINK I'LL SEE YOU AGAIN
31 JULY 2011

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2011/jul/31/utoya-shootings-ulf-berg-son


BBC
TIMELINE
HOW NORWAY'S TERROR ATTACKS UNFOLDED
27 JULY 2011

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-14260297


THE GUARDIAN
NORWAY ATTACKS: MEMORIAL SERVICES FOR VICTIMS HELD
29 JULY 2011

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2011/jul/29/norway-attacks-memorial-services-victims


WINNIPEG FREE PRESS
NORWAY HOLDS MEMORIAL SERVICES TO MOURN 77 VICTIMS OF BOMBING AND YOUTH CAMP SHOOTING
29 JULY 2011

http://www.winnipegfreepress.com/breakingnews/norway-suspect-questioned-by-police-for-2nd-time-as-nation-mourns-his-victims.html


THE SOCIALIST WORKER
NORWAY: SOLIDARITY IN RESPONSE TO ATTACK ON US ALL
30 JULY 2011

http://www.socialistworker.co.uk/art.php?id=25523


BBC
REMEMBERING NORWAY'S ''LOST GENERATION''
29 JULY 2011

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-14350366


[2]

In contrary with the mainstream media I call Breivik ''suspect''
This is a deliberate choice to emphasize, that according to the principles of fair trial, everyone is innocent untill proven guuilt by a fair and independent trial
That implies, of course, Anders Breivik


BREIVIK/WIKIPEDIA

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anders_Behring_Breivik

[3]

I said ''christian'' [between lines] and not simple christian to emphasize, that the Utoya massacre is fundamentally CONTRARY WITH REAL CHRISTIAN BELIEF OF PEACE, HUMANITY AND SOLIDARITY


[4]


''Mr Breivik said before the court hearing he would explain his actions to the court. Earlier, he described the attacks as "gruesome but necessary".

SOURCE

BBC
NORWAY ATTACKS: ANDERS BEHRING BREIVIK APPEARS IN COURT
25 JULY 2011

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-14270655


[5]

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS TIMES
BREIVIK SOUGHT TO PUNISH LABOUR PARTY FOR ALLOWING MUSLIM IMMIGRATION INTO NORWAY
25 JULY 2011

http://m.ibtimes.com/anders-breivik-murder-norway-oslo-immigartion-muslim-186434.html


[6]

BBC
NORWAY: ANDERS BEHRING BREIVIK CLAIMS ''TWO MORE CELLS''
25 JULY 2011

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-14280210


[7]

THE SOCIALIST WORKER
NORWAY MASSACRE AND THE AXIS OF ISLAMOPHOBIA
2 AUGUST 2011

http://www.socialistworker.co.uk/art.php?id=25574


[8]

THE SOCIALIST WORKER
NORWEGIANS SPEAK OUT: RULERS' ISLAMOPHOBIA PAVED WAY FOR TERROR ATTACKS
2 AUGUST 2011

http://www.socialistworker.co.uk/art.php?id=25593


[9]

UNABOMBER/WIKIPEDIA

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ted_Kaczynski


[10]


BREIVIK/IDEOLOGY


BREIVIK/WIKIPEDIA

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anders_Behring_Breivik

BREIVIK MANIFESTO
''2083, A EUROPEAN DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE''

http://info.publicintelligence.net/AndersBehringBreivikManifesto.pdf


THE WASHINGTON TIMES
EXCLUSIVE: THE OSLO TERRORIST IN HIS OWN WORDS: BOMBER PREDICTED ''EUROPE WILL BURN ONCE AGAIN''
23 JULY 2011

http://www.washingtontimes.com/blog/robbins-report/2011/jul/23/oslo-terrorist-his-own-words/


THE TELEGRAPH
NORWAY SHOOTING:
KEY QUOTES FROM ANDERS BEHRING BREIVIK'S ONLINE MANIFESTO

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/europe/norway/8657727/Norway-shooting-quotes-from-Anders-Behring-Breiviks-online-manifesto.html


BBC
BREIVIK MANIFESTO DETAILS CHILLING ATTACK PREPARATION
24 JULY 2011

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-14267007



AL JAZEERA
NORWAY'S ATTACKS REVEAL WORLD OF HATRED
24 JULY 2011

http://english.aljazeera.net/indepth/opinion/2011/07/201172412744740495.html


THE GUARDIAN
NORWAY ATTACKS: HOW FAR RIGHT VIEWS CREATED ANDERS BEHRING BREIVIK
30 JULY 2011

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2011/jul/30/norway-attacks-anders-behring-breivik


[11]

See [10]

[12]

See [10]


[13]

See [10]


[14]


BREIVIK, ADMIRER OF WILDERS

''Wilders, leader of the Dutch Freedom party, who has been tried and acquitted on hate speech charges for his calculated provocations, is a favourite of Breivik, notching up 30 references in the manifesto. Wilders said he was appalled by Breivik, fearing that such actions could damage his campaign. "This is a slap in the face for the worldwide anti-Islam movement," he said.''

SOURCE

THE GUARDIAN
NORWAY ATTACKS: HOW FAR RIGHT VIEWS CREATED ANDERS BEHRING BREIVIK
30 JULY 2011

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2011/jul/30/norway-attacks-anders-behring-breivik



RESEARCHERS: WILDERS IS EXTREME RIGHT

http://www.nisnews.nl/public/111208_3.htm


[15]



THE GUARDIAN
ANDERS BEHRING BREIVIK HAD LINKS TO FAR-RIGHT EDL, SAYS ANTI-RACISM GROUP
26 JULY 2011

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2011/jul/26/anders-behring-breivik-edl-searchlight


THE GUARDIAN
ENGLISH DEFENCE LEAGUE

http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/english-defence-league


''In his manifesto, Breivik repeatedly refers to the EDL, stating at one point: "I used to have more than 600 EDL members as Facebook friends and have spoken with tens of EDL members and leaders."

SOURCE

THE GUARDIAN
BREIVIK SENT ''MANIFESTO'' TO 250 UK CONTACTS HOURS BEFORE NORWAY KILLINGS
26 JULY 2011

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2011/jul/26/breivik-manifesto-email-uk-contacts


THE SOCIALIST WORKER
NEVER AGAIN/EDL ADMIRER KILLS 76
30 JULY 2011

http://www.socialistworker.co.uk/art.php?id=25542

THE SOCIALIST WORKER
EDL SUPPORTER/BREIVIK'S A HERO IN WAR ON ISLAM
30 JULY 2011

http://www.socialistworker.co.uk/art.php?id=25561

THE SOCIALIST WORKER
LET'S CHASE THE RACIST EDL OUT OF EAST LONDON
9 AUGUST 2011


http://www.socialistworker.co.uk/art.php?id=25598


[16]


THE TELEGRAPH
NORWAY KILLER ANDERS BEHRING BREIVIK HAD EXTENSIVE LINKS TO ENGLISH DEFENCE LEAGUE
25 JULY 2011

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/europe/norway/8661139/Norway-killer-Anders-Behring-Breivik-had-extensive-links-to-English-Defence-League.html


[17]


MAIL ONLINE
NOCOLAS SARKOZY JOINS DAVID CAMERON AND ANGELA MERKEL VIEW THAT MULTICULTURALISM HAS FAILED
11 FEBRUARY 2011

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1355961/Nicolas-Sarkozy-joins-David-Cameron-Angela-Merkel-view-multiculturalism-failed.html

EUROPENEWS
MULTICULTURALISM HAS FAILED: VERHAGEN
16 FEBRUARY 2011

http://europenews.dk/en/node/40202


[18]

''His best known slogans were "Holland is not a country of immigration," "full=full" and "we will abolish the multicultural society, as soon as we get the chance and power"; he was convicted for the latter two statements.''

WIKIPEDIA
HANS JANMAAT

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hans_Janmaat


[19]

ON TIGHTENED INTEGRATION DEMANDS:

HUMAN RIGHTS WATCH
THE NETHERLANDS
DISCRIMINATION IN THE NAME OF INTEGRATION
13 MAY 2008

http://www.hrw.org/node/82373/section/1


HEADSCARF HYSTERIA
HUMAN RIGHTS WATCH
GERMANY
DISCRIMINATION IN THE NAME OF NEUTRALITY
26 FEBRUARY 2009

http://www.hrw.org/reports/2009/02/25/discrimination-name-neutrality


BURQA HYSTERIA
HUMAN RIGHTS WATCH
BEYOND THE BURQA
2 JULY 2009
Scroll down to below the link please

http://www.hrw.org/news/2009/07/02/beyond-burqa

SAME ARTICLE IN HUFFINGTON POST

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/liesl-gerntholtz/beyond-the-burqa-to-help_b_223846.html

http://www.hrw.org/news/2009/07/02/beyond-burqa


[20]

AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL
WOMEN IN FRANCE BANNED FROM WEARING THE VEIL IN PUBLIC
11 APRIL 2011

http://www.amnesty.org/en/for-media/press-releases/women-france-persecuted-wearing-veil-2011-04-11


HUMAN RIGHTS WATCH
BEYOND THE BURQA
2 JULY 2009
Scroll down to below the link please

http://www.hrw.org/news/2009/07/02/beyond-burqa

AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL
BELGIUM VOTES TO BAN FULL-FACE VEILS
30 APRIL 2010

http://www.amnesty.org/en/news-and-updates/belgium-votes-ban-full-face-veils-2010-04-30


HUMAN RIGHTS WATCH
BELGIUM: MUSLIM VEIL BAN VIOLATES RIGHTS
11 APRIL 2010
Scroll to below

http://www.hrw.org/news/2010/04/21/belgium-muslim-veil-ban-would-violate-rights


[21]

THE NEW YORK TIMES
SWISS BAN BUILDING OF MINARETS ON MOSQUES
29 NOVEMBER 2009


http://www.nytimes.com/2009/11/30/world/europe/30swiss.html


AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL
SWITZERLAND: THE DEPORTATION INITIATIVE CANNIOT OVERRIDE INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS OBLIGATIONS
20 NOVEMBER 2010

http://www.amnesty.org/en/library/asset/EUR43/002/2010/en/94e5b03e-ce80-4412-9251-5e52bf3d0864/eur430022010en.html



[22]

HUMAN RIGHTS WATCH
FRANCE: A KEY INTERVENTION IN ROMA EXPULSIONS
FRANCE SHOULD REVIEW POLICY TO ENSURE NO COLLECTIVE EXPULSIONS
14 SEPTEMBER 2010
Scroll down to below

http://www.hrw.org/news/2010/09/14/eu-key-intervention-roma-expulsions



AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL
FRANCE MUST WITHDRAW ORDER TARGETING ROMA FOR EVICTION
13 SEPTEMBER 2010

http://www.amnesty.org/en/news-and-updates/france-must-withdraw-order-targeting-roma-eviction-2010-09-13


[23]

WIKIPEDIA
DANISH PEOPLE'S PARTY

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Danish_People's_Party

WIKIPEDIA
THE NETHERLANDS
DUTCH PARTY FOR FREEDOM

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Party_for_Freedom


[24]


THE GUARDIAN
FAR RIGHT POLITICS IN EUROPE



http://www.guardian.co.uk/gall/0,,711990,00.html


[25]

WEBLOG CECILIA MALMSTROM
IMPORTANT TO STAND UP FOR THE OPEN SOCIETY

http://blogs.ec.europa.eu/malmstrom/important-to-stand-up-for-the-open-society/


[26]


ANNE FRANK HOUSE
RACISM AND EXTREME RIGHT MONITOR/FIFTH REPORT

http://www.annefrank.org/ImageVault/Images/id_12103/scope_0/ImageVaultHandler.aspx


SOURCE
2002: TRACES OF 9/11
5TH MONITOR REPORT
ANNE FRANK HOUSE

http://www.annefrank.org/en/Worldwide/Monitor-Homepage/Research/Climate-of-tolerance-deteriorates/

THE TURKISH WEEKLY
MOSQUES AND ISLAMIC SCHOOLS FIREBOMBED IN THE NETHERLANDS
28 NOVEMBER 2004

http://www.turkishweekly.net/op-ed/28/mosques-and-islamic-schools-firebombed-in-the-netherlands.html

[27]

RESEARCHERS: WILDERS IS EXTREME RIGHT

http://www.nisnews.nl/public/111208_3.htm

[28]

THE AMERICAN MUSLIM
ISLAMOPHOBIA: PREJUDICE, RACIST OR VIOLENT INCIDENTS AT MOSQUES

http://www.theamericanmuslim.org/tam.php/features/articles/mosques_in_us_that_have_experienced_violent_or_racist_incidents1/


[29]


''in the past two decades, two non-white Norwegian boys have died as a result of racist attacks.''

SOURCE:

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS TIMES
NORWAY KILLINGS: A HISTORY OF FAR RIGHT VIOLENCE
25 JULY 2011


http://uk.ibtimes.com/articles/186231/20110725/for-the-past-three-years-breivik-was-writing-his-manifesto-delivering-his-account-of-what-norway-sho.htm


BBC
NEO NAZI'S GUILTY OF OSLO RACE MURDER
17 JANUARY 2002

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/1765620.stm


BBC
NORWAY COMING TO TERMS WITH RACISM
7 FEBRUARY 2001

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/1161853.stm


[30]


''
“It has become mainstream to say that Muslims cause the problems in society.
“This has given rise to fascist and Islamophobic ideas—the right wing Progress Party got 23 percent in parliamentary elections in 2009.”

SOURCE

THE SOCIALIST WORKER
NORWEGIANS SPEAK OUT: RULERS ISLAMOPHOBIA PAVED WAY FOR TERROR ATTACKS
2 AUGUST 2011

http://www.socialistworker.co.uk/art.php?id=25593


[31]

EUROPENEWS
MULTICULTURALISM HAS FAILED: VERHAGEN
16 FEBRUARY 2011

http://europenews.dk/en/node/40202



[32]


''His best known slogans were "Holland is not a country of immigration," "full=full" and "we will abolish the multicultural society, as soon as we get the chance and power"; he was convicted for the latter two statements.''

WIKIPEDIA
HANS JANMAAT

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hans_Janmaat



[33]

REUTERS
DUTCH POPULIST GEERT WILDERS ACQUITTED OF HATE SPEECH
23 JUNE 2011

http://www.reuters.com/article/2011/06/23/us-dutch-wilders-idUSTRE75M10P20110623


VERDICT OF THE AMSTERDAM DISTRICT COURT IN THE WILDERS TRIAL
23 JUNE 2011

English translation of the press release and the verdict of the Amsterdam district court in the Wilders trial, 23 juni 2011.


[34]

PRESSEUROP
WILDERS DISTANCES HIMSELF FROM BREIVIK
27 JULY 2011

http://www.presseurop.eu/en/content/news-brief-cover/799051-wilders-distances-himself-breivik


[35]

BBC
NETHERLANDS ISLAM FREEDOM
PROFILE OF GEERT WILDERS
23 JUNE 2011

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-11443211

THE POLITICAL VIEWS OF MR WILDERS

http://quebec.indymedia.org/en/node/27273


NRC
CALL WILDERS WHAT HE IS: A RACIST
10 JUNE 2009

http://vorige.nrc.nl/article2268138.ece


WIKIPEDIA
GEERT WILDERS

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geert_Wilders

WIKIPEDIA
PARTY FOR FREEDOM

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Party_for_Freedom

WEBLOG GEERT WILDERS

http://www.geertwilders.nl/


[36]



DAILY NEWS
HURRIYET
NORWEGIANS SAY '' NO WAY'' AS KILLER FACES 21 YEARS AT MOST
25 JULY 2011

http://www.hurriyetdailynews.com/n.php?n=norwegians-say-no-way-as-killer-faces-21-years-at-most-2011-07-25


THE GUARDIAN
NORWAY ATTACKS: POLL SHOWS MAJORITY FAVOURS TOUGHER SENTENCES
1 AUGUST 2011

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2011/aug/01/norway-attacks-poll-tougher-sentences


[37]

IF GREAT BRITAIN HADN'T ABOLISHED DEATH PENALTY, THE GUILDFORD FOUR AND MAGUIRE SEVEN SHOULD HAVE BEEN INNOCENTLY EXECUTED

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guildford_Four_and_Maguire_Seven


[38]


CONNECTION WITH EUROPEAN RACISM:


THE GUARDIAN
EUROPE'S ANTI IMMIGRATION MOVEMENTS
Other leading European far-right figures and groups that have been linked to the man responsible for Norway terror attacks
30 JULY 2011

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2011/jul/30/anders-behring-breivik-europe-far-right


THE GUARDIAN
FAR RIGHT POLITICS IN EUROPE

http://www.guardian.co.uk/gall/0,,711990,00.html


TODAY ONLINE
NORWAY AND THE RIGHT WING'S RISE
25 JULY 2011

http://www.todayonline.com/Commentary/EDC110725-0000021/Norway-and-the-right-wings-rise


THE SOCIALIST WORKER
NORWAY MASSACRE AND THE AXIS OF ISLAMOPHOBIA
6 AUGUST 2011

http://www.socialistworker.co.uk/art.php?id=25574

THE SOCIALIST WORKER
NORWEGIANS SPEAK OUT: RULERS ISLAMOPHOBIA PAVED WAY FOR TERROR ATTACKS
2 AUGUST 2011

http://www.socialistworker.co.uk/art.php?id=25593


THE GUARDIAN
NORWAY ATTACKS: HOW FAR RIGHT VIEWS CREATED ANDERS BEHRING BREIVIK
30 JULY 2011

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2011/jul/30/norway-attacks-anders-behring-breivik


AL JAZEERA
NORWAY'S ATTACKS REVEAL WORLD OF HATRED
24 JULY 2011

http://english.aljazeera.net/indepth/opinion/2011/07/201172412744740495.html


THE GUARDIAN
NORWAY ATTACKS: WE CAN NO LONGER IGNORE THE FAR RIGHT TREATH
24 JULY 2011

http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2011/jul/24/norway-bombing-attack-far-right




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