imc indymedia

Los Angeles Indymedia : Activist News

white themeblack themered themetheme help
About Us Contact Us Calendar Publish RSS
Features
latest news
best of news
syndication
commentary


KILLRADIO

VozMob

ABCF LA

A-Infos Radio

Indymedia On Air

Dope-X-Resistance-LA List

LAAMN List




IMC Network:

Original Cities

www.indymedia.org africa: ambazonia canarias estrecho / madiaq kenya nigeria south africa canada: hamilton london, ontario maritimes montreal ontario ottawa quebec thunder bay vancouver victoria windsor winnipeg east asia: burma jakarta japan korea manila qc europe: abruzzo alacant andorra antwerpen armenia athens austria barcelona belarus belgium belgrade bristol brussels bulgaria calabria croatia cyprus emilia-romagna estrecho / madiaq euskal herria galiza germany grenoble hungary ireland istanbul italy la plana liege liguria lille linksunten lombardia london madrid malta marseille nantes napoli netherlands nice northern england norway oost-vlaanderen paris/Île-de-france patras piemonte poland portugal roma romania russia saint-petersburg scotland sverige switzerland thessaloniki torun toscana toulouse ukraine united kingdom valencia latin america: argentina bolivia chiapas chile chile sur cmi brasil colombia ecuador mexico peru puerto rico qollasuyu rosario santiago tijuana uruguay valparaiso venezuela venezuela oceania: adelaide aotearoa brisbane burma darwin jakarta manila melbourne perth qc sydney south asia: india mumbai united states: arizona arkansas asheville atlanta austin baltimore big muddy binghamton boston buffalo charlottesville chicago cleveland colorado columbus dc hawaii houston hudson mohawk kansas city la madison maine miami michigan milwaukee minneapolis/st. paul new hampshire new jersey new mexico new orleans north carolina north texas nyc oklahoma philadelphia pittsburgh portland richmond rochester rogue valley saint louis san diego san francisco san francisco bay area santa barbara santa cruz, ca sarasota seattle tampa bay tennessee urbana-champaign vermont western mass worcester west asia: armenia beirut israel palestine process: fbi/legal updates mailing lists process & imc docs tech volunteer projects: print radio satellite tv video regions: oceania united states topics: biotech

Surviving Cities

www.indymedia.org africa: canada: quebec east asia: japan europe: athens barcelona belgium bristol brussels cyprus germany grenoble ireland istanbul lille linksunten nantes netherlands norway portugal united kingdom latin america: argentina cmi brasil rosario oceania: aotearoa united states: austin big muddy binghamton boston chicago columbus la michigan nyc portland rochester saint louis san diego san francisco bay area santa cruz, ca tennessee urbana-champaign worcester west asia: palestine process: fbi/legal updates process & imc docs projects: radio satellite tv
printable version - js reader version - view hidden posts - tags and related articles

American Jury Duty as of June, 2009

by EvansPress Monday, Sep. 28, 2009 at 4:27 PM
EvansPress@yahoo.com

An article on American Jury Duty

American Jury Duty as of June, 2009

As of June 2009, American Jury Duty is an involuntary summoning of American citizens to potentially take part in a jury trial. 1. Individuals are chosen at random as a result of DMV registration or voting registration. 2. After the chosen individuals arrive at the court house, the involuntary chosen individuals sit in a waiting room and they’re name may be called. At the end of the day, only those who’s names are called in the waiting room will be selected for a potential jury trial, everyone else is free to leave and they will considered to have served their jury duty. 3.

For those who enjoy being selected and/or taking part in juries then great!

However, what about others who rather be doing others things then going to jury duty?

Some options and there possible results are:

-Not going to the summoning.

Not going is certainly one way for people who feel they can do it, though eventually the state may attempt to fine or jail the those who skipped the duty. 4.

- Disqualification or legit excuses are options.

Disqualification includes not being a citizen of the United States, being 17 years old or younger or being a resident of a different city from the city summoning you. Excuses include: extreme financial hardship, recent jury service, personal care to another or child care hardship, transportation hardship, active in Military duty, ect. There is also an option to mail in an excuse to the office for review. 5.

-Explaining how you feel about Jury Duty during the interview.

Apparently one individual spoke their mind in regards with how they felt about the system and the judge excused the potential person from the duty. Apparently this individual has spoken their mind several times and each time they have been excused from jury duty. 6.

- If you are involuntarily chosen for jury duty, jury duty can be used for activism. Using jury duty as a form of activism can be done by attempting (when possible) to get someone off the hook from state prosecution. (In other words, to tactically attempt to find the defendant -not guilty-)

As one person put it regarding this tactic:

Various people choose do to other things then go to jury duty “So we all seek to get dismissed and regain our freedom and dignity and get back to our lives.

But consider that if you make the sacrifice and stay on the jury, you may have a wonderful opportunity to fight the system by rendering a Not Guilty verdict for some poor citizen who is being persecuted by unconstitutional victimless-crime laws…

…Even if the jury deadlocks and they eventually re-try,…” it costs the government time and money so it “…discourages…” the government “…from even bringing such cases to trial, the most costly and difficult they become.” 7.

On a similar subject is Jury Nullification.

What is jury nullification?

“Jury nullification occurs when a jury returns a verdict of "Not Guilty" despite its belief that the defendant is guilty of the violation charged. The jury in effect nullifies a law that it believes is either immoral or wrongly applied to the defendant whose fate that are charged with deciding.” 8.

This means juries have the ability to find someone not guilty regardless if the defendant is guilty or not because the jurors believe the law (or system) that got the defendant arrested should be changed.

Whatever options you choose, jury duty does help to add a little bit more to citizen’s control rather then state control.

As Thomas Jefferson notes:

“Trial by jury, the best of all safeguards for the person, the property, and the fame of every individual;” 9.

It does help interests lean a little bit more toward citizens rather then complete control by the state.

As Stuart Christie put it regarding his time as a defendant:

“The positive and important thing…” was “… the fact that the jury system shone out as the last defender of justice…” 10.

Some people, including some people who make up the state, may like to see jury duty become more popular. 11. While the state does many useful things, perhaps if society was organized in a direct democratic manner in neighborhoods and in the workplace and/or in businesses (in various forms), jury duty may be more popular. Jury Duty may be more accepted if people had economic and workplace and/or business democratic control within there lives; especially if the jury duty was voluntary. In a society where the state is replaced by federation, jury duty may not be even be needed. For more information on neighborhoods, businesses and workplaces organized in a direct democratic and federal fashion; please see:

www.anarchistfaq.org *

Section I.5.1: What are participatory communities?

http://www.infoshop.org/faq/secI5.html#seci51

I.3.2 What is workers' self-management?

http://www.infoshop.org/faq/secI3.html#seci32



*The AFAQ (Iain McKay. AK Press: Oakland. 2009) has been regarded as “…very comprehensive…” by Graham, Paul; Hoffman, John. Introduction to Political Ideologies London: Pearson/Longman. (2006) pp 109. And as an "exemplar of the principles…” of community governing by Harvard resident fellow Joseph Reagle in: Why the Internet is Good - Community governance that works well Berkman Center for Internet and Society: Harvard Law School

(1998) Retrieved June 20, 2009 from: http://cyber.law.harvard.edu/archived_content/people/reagle/regulation-19990326.html



Bibliography and notes:

1. Hall of Justice. Summons For Jury Service Hall of Justice: San Diego, CA. USA (June 2009)

“Failure to appear without excuse or postponement is punishable by contempt and/or fine pursuant to the code of civil procedure, section 209”

2. Ibid. ‘Random Selection’ section on the back of the summons

3. Ibid. Please see the form

4. Ibid. Please see footnote 1.

5. Ibid. ‘Juror Affidavit Questionare’ section on the back of the summons

6. Burbeck, D. A Funny Thing Happened on Jury Duty News :: Civil & Human Rights: Santa Cruz Independent Media Center. 07 Feb 2005. Retrieved June 27, 2009 from: http://santacruz.indymedia.org/newswire/display/15577/index.php

Regarding the first time: “During that jury selection the Judge asked if anyone believed drug enforcement laws were too harsh or not harsh enough. I raised my handand explained that I felt it is wrong that we have our prisons 75% full of drug addicts when there are so many corporate criminals who are given a

slap on the wrist after stealing hundreds of millions of dollars. The judge said “‘Alright Mr. Burbeck, you are excused‘”. Regarding the second time: “Again, questions were asked of the prospective jury members. ‘Have any of you been on a jury before?’ I raised my hand and told of the trial in

LA where a man was accused of his third offense of car theft and we convicted him and sent him away for life (the "three strikes" law). I explained to the judge that we didn't want to send a man to prison for

life for stealing cars and that I felt the three strikes law should apply to violent crimes only. ‘It was a very unpleasant experience, your Honor.’

I also mentioned that "white collar" crime

penalties should be updated to reflect the magnitude of corporate thieves who steal hundreds of millions of dollars. The judge said ‘Alright Mr. Burbeck, you are excused‘.” Regarding the third time: “The third trial was again for a crack cocain dealer. Again there were many questions to the prospective jurors, one again was do you feel that the punishments for drug offenses are too harsh or not harsh enough? I

again explained that I feel that the judicial system needs reform when Michael Milken was fined 0 million dollars after stealing and cheating

the American public out of BILLIONS of dollars. He spent 18 months in a minimum security prison and was released to spend his loot. "Milken's

punishment for costing the American taxpayers billions of dollars is comically trivial" - a quote from Benjamin Stein who wrote a book

(License to Steal) on Milken's carreer in crime.”

7. Addams, Sam. Second comment in the comments section about A Funny Thing Happened on Jury Duty by D. Burbeck. News :: Civil & Human Rights: Santa Cruz Independent Media Center. 08 Feb 2005

Retrieved June 27, 2009 from: http://santacruz.indymedia.org/newswire/display/15577/index.php

Also of interest could be the fourth comment on the page by Robert Norse entitled: Please Stay on Juries to Fight Back Against Drug Prohibition Feb 10, 2005. Retrieved June 29, 2009 from:

http://santacruz.indymedia.org/newswire/display/15577/index.php

“This is particularly important in "Drug War" cases. As Sam Addams points out, if you can afford it, you are serving both the individual unfairly arrested under medieval "forbidden drug" laws and the community--which has real prospect of changing this brutal system other than thru juries (the 4th branch of government).For more information on jury nullification, check out: www.fija.org/”

8. Linder, Doug. Jury Nullification. University of Missouri-Kansas City (2001) Retrieved July 5 2009 from:

http://www.law.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/zenger/nullification.html

For more information please see as follows: “For example, our first Chief Justice, John Jay, told jurors: ‘You have a right to take upon yourselves to judge [both the facts and law].’… Judicial acceptance of nullification began to wane, however, in the late 1800s. In 1895, in United States v Sparf, the U. S. Supreme Court voted 7 to 2 to uphold the conviction in a case in which the trial judge refused the defense attorney's request to let the jury know of their nullification power…

…Courts recently have been reluctant to encourage jury nullification, and in fact have taken several steps to prevent it. In most jurisdictions, judges instruct jurors that it is their duty to apply the law as it is given to them, whether they agree with the law or not. Only in a handful of states are jurors told that they have the power to judge both the facts and the law of the case. Most judges also will prohibit attorneys from using their closing arguments to directly appeal to jurors to nullify the law.

Recently, several courts have indicated that judges also have the right, when it is brought to their attention by other jurors, to remove (prior to a verdict, of course) from juries any juror who makes clear his or her intention to vote to nullify the law….As it stands now, jurors must learn of their power to nullify from extra-legal sources such as televised legal dramas, novels, or articles about juries that they might have come across. Some juries will understand that they do have the power to nullify, while other juries may be misled by judges into thinking that they must apply the law exactly as it is given.”

9. Thomas Jefferson to A. Coray, 1823. ME 15:489. Retrieved June 28, 2009 from:

http://etext.virginia.edu/jefferson/quotations/jeff0950.htm

10. Stevens, Andrew. LOOKING BACK AT ANGER 3am Interview: 3 AM Magazine (2004) Retrieved June 28, 2009 from: http://www.3ammagazine.com/politica/2004/apr/interview_stuart_christie.html

11. Saltzman, Jonathan. Mass. gets tough on jury delinquents. Globe Staff: The Boston Globe (September 26, 2004) Retrieved June 28, 2009 from: http://www.boston.com/news/local/massachusetts/articles/2004/09/26/mass_gets_tough_on_jury_delinquents/

















Report this post as:

Local News

GUIDE TO REBEL CITY LOS ANGELES AVAILABLE A12 5:39PM

lausd whistle blower A10 11:58PM

Website Upgrade A10 3:02AM

Help KCET and UCLA identify 60s-70s Chicano images A04 1:02PM

UCLA Luskin: Casting Youth Justice in a Different Light A02 11:58AM

Change Links April 2018 A01 11:27AM

Nuclear Shutdown News March 2018 M31 6:57PM

Join The Protest Rally in Glendale on April 10, 2018! M29 7:00PM

Join The Protest Rally in Glendale on April 10, 2018! M29 6:38PM

Spring 2018 National Immigrant Solidarity Network News Alert! M19 2:02PM

Anti-Eviction Mapping Project Shows Shocking Eviction Trends in L.A. M16 5:40PM

Steve Mnuchin video at UCLA released M15 12:34AM

Actress and Philanthropist Tanna Frederick Hosts Project Save Our Surf Beach Clean Ups M06 12:10PM

After Being Told He's 'Full of Sh*t' at School Event, Mnuchin Demands UCLA Suppress Video M02 11:44AM

Resolution of the Rent Strike in Boyle Heights M01 6:28PM

What Big Brother Knows About You and What You Can Do About It M01 3:30PM

Step Up As LAPD Chief Charlie Beck Steps Down F14 2:44PM

Our House Grief Support Center Hosts 9th Annual Run For Hope, April 29 F13 12:51PM

Don’t let this LA County Probation Department overhaul proposal sit on the shelf F13 11:04AM

Echo Park Residents Sue LA Over Controversial Development F12 8:51AM

Former Signal Hill police officer pleads guilty in road-rage incident in Irvine F09 10:25PM

Calif. Police Accused of 'Collusion' With Neo-Nazis After Release of Court Documents F09 7:14PM

Center for the Study of Political Graphics exhibit on Police Abuse posters F07 9:50AM

City Agrees to Settle Lawsuit Claiming Pasadena Police Officer Had His Sister Falsely Arre F04 3:17PM

Professor's Study Highlights Health Risks of Urban Oil Drilling F04 12:42PM

Claims paid involving Pasadena Police Department 2014 to present F04 10:52AM

Pasadenans - get your license plate reader records from police F03 11:11PM

LA Times Homicide Report F03 1:57PM

More Local News...

Other/Breaking News

What does the Quran Say About Islamic Dress?? A21 4:15PM

Biodiversité ou la nature privatisée A20 11:22AM

The Market is a Universal Totalitarian Religion A20 7:14AM

Book Available about Hispanics and US Civil War by National Park Service A19 5:52PM

The Shortwave Report 04/20/18 Listen Globally! A19 4:01PM

The Republican 'Prolife' Party Is the Party of War, Execution, and Bear Cub Murder A19 11:48AM

Neurogenèse involutive A18 9:21AM

Paraphysique de la dictature étatique A16 10:13AM

Book Review: "The New Bonapartists" A16 3:45AM

The West Must Take the First Steps to Russia A14 12:25PM

Théorie générale de la révolution ou hommage à feu Mikhaïl Bakounine A14 3:30AM

The Shortwave Report 04/13/18 Listen Globally! A12 3:50PM

“Lost in a Dream” Singing Competition Winner to Be Chosen on April 15 for ,000 Prize! A12 3:48PM

The World Dependent on Central Banks A12 4:43AM

Ohio Governor Race: Dennis Kucinich & Richard Cordray Run Against Mike DeWine A11 9:40PM

March 2018 Honduras Coup Again Update A10 10:52PM

Apologie du zadisme insurrectionnel A10 3:33PM

ICE contract with license plate reader company A10 1:14PM

Palimpseste sisyphéen A09 11:23PM

Black Portraiture(S) IV: The Color of Silence...Cuba No...Cambridge Yes A09 5:32AM

Prohibiting Micro-Second Betting on the Exchanges A09 4:18AM

Prosecutors treat Muslims harsher than non-Muslims for the same crimes A08 10:33PM

Amy Goodman interview on cell phone safety A08 10:29PM

Mesa, Arizona police officer kills unarmed white man A08 9:50PM

Israeli leaders should be prosecuted for war crimes A08 9:48PM

Paraphysique de l'autorité A08 12:11AM

Two Podcasts on fbi corruption A06 10:13PM

Fbi assassins assault & try to kill DAVID ATKINS A06 7:29PM

More Breaking News...
© 2000-2018 Los Angeles Independent Media Center. Unless otherwise stated by the author, all content is free for non-commercial reuse, reprint, and rebroadcast, on the net and elsewhere. Opinions are those of the contributors and are not necessarily endorsed by the Los Angeles Independent Media Center. Running sf-active v0.9.4 Disclaimer | Privacy