Argentine court just says no to prison for pot use
by Michael Warren - Aug. 25, 2009 01:34 PM
BUENOS AIRES — Argentina's Supreme Court ruled out prison for pot possession on Tuesday, saying the government should go after major traffickers and provide treatment instead of jail for consumers of marijuana.
Ruling in a case involving several young men caught with marijuana cigarettes in their pockets, the judges struck down a law providing for up to two years in prison for possession of small amounts of narcotics.
Tuesday's decision doesn't legalize drug possession outright. But Argentina's Cabinet chief favors keeping drug addicts out of the justice system, and was waiting for the ruling before forwarding a proposed law to Congress.
The seven judges said they were unanimous in “declaring the unconstitutionality of prison for private consumption.”
“Each individual adult is responsible for making decisions freely about their desired lifestyle without state interference,” their ruling said. “Private conduct is allowed unless it constitutes a real danger or causes damage to property or the rights of others.”
Cabinet chief Anibal Fernandez declared that the ruling brings an end to “the repressive politics invented by the Nixon administration” in the United States, and later adopted by Argentina's dictators, to imprison drug users as if they were major traffickers.
On the other hand, Argentina will insist that “those who sell trash to poison our children must be punished with all the power of the state,” Fernandez said in an interview with Radio Continental.
The ruling sets a precedent that goes beyond marijuana by striking down an article in Argentina's drug law that applies to people caught with personal use amounts of any narcotic.
The judges urged Argentina's government to “create policies against illegal drug trafficking and adopt preventive health measures, with information and education against drug consumption directed at the most vulnerable groups.”
President Cristina Fernandez has supported drug law changes, saying in July 2008 that “I don't like that an addict is condemned as if he were a criminal. The ones who need to be punished are those who sell the drug.”
Her Cabinet chief said before the ruling that the proposed law would be ready by year's end. Details have not been made public, and it remains unclear, for example, whether addicts will be forced to get treatment or go to jail.
Opponents say the ruling could backfire, since Argentine treatment centers already have long waiting lists.
“It doesn't seem bad to me that an addict won't be sent to prison, but you also have to acknowledge the reality in Argentina. The level of addiction and social conflict connected to drugs is growing in this country. The consumption of drugs always involves damage to others,” said Juan Jose Estevez, president of Remar Argentina, a network of centers that treat more than 1,200 addicts, speaking to The Associated Press.
“This ruling will not only generate more consumption, but also more trafficking, because the traffickers will move smaller quantities of drugs to avoid the law,” Estevez predicted. “Also, the public health system has collapsed. It isn't prepared to attend to an avalanche of addicts.”
A Mexican law decriminalizing small amounts of marijuana, cocaine and heroin took effect on Friday. The government there said it would help police focus more efforts on attacking traffickers.