imc indymedia

Los Angeles Indymedia : Activist News

white themeblack themered themetheme help
About Us Contact Us Calendar Publish RSS
Features
latest news
best of news
syndication
commentary


KILLRADIO

VozMob

ABCF LA

A-Infos Radio

Indymedia On Air

Dope-X-Resistance-LA List

LAAMN List




IMC Network:

Original Cities

www.indymedia.org africa: ambazonia canarias estrecho / madiaq kenya nigeria south africa canada: hamilton london, ontario maritimes montreal ontario ottawa quebec thunder bay vancouver victoria windsor winnipeg east asia: burma jakarta japan korea manila qc europe: abruzzo alacant andorra antwerpen armenia athens austria barcelona belarus belgium belgrade bristol brussels bulgaria calabria croatia cyprus emilia-romagna estrecho / madiaq euskal herria galiza germany grenoble hungary ireland istanbul italy la plana liege liguria lille linksunten lombardia london madrid malta marseille nantes napoli netherlands nice northern england norway oost-vlaanderen paris/Île-de-france patras piemonte poland portugal roma romania russia saint-petersburg scotland sverige switzerland thessaloniki torun toscana toulouse ukraine united kingdom valencia latin america: argentina bolivia chiapas chile chile sur cmi brasil colombia ecuador mexico peru puerto rico qollasuyu rosario santiago tijuana uruguay valparaiso venezuela venezuela oceania: adelaide aotearoa brisbane burma darwin jakarta manila melbourne perth qc sydney south asia: india mumbai united states: arizona arkansas asheville atlanta austin baltimore big muddy binghamton boston buffalo charlottesville chicago cleveland colorado columbus dc hawaii houston hudson mohawk kansas city la madison maine miami michigan milwaukee minneapolis/st. paul new hampshire new jersey new mexico new orleans north carolina north texas nyc oklahoma philadelphia pittsburgh portland richmond rochester rogue valley saint louis san diego san francisco san francisco bay area santa barbara santa cruz, ca sarasota seattle tampa bay tennessee urbana-champaign vermont western mass worcester west asia: armenia beirut israel palestine process: fbi/legal updates mailing lists process & imc docs tech volunteer projects: print radio satellite tv video regions: oceania united states topics: biotech

Surviving Cities

www.indymedia.org africa: canada: quebec east asia: japan europe: athens barcelona belgium bristol brussels cyprus germany grenoble ireland istanbul lille linksunten nantes netherlands norway portugal united kingdom latin america: argentina cmi brasil rosario oceania: aotearoa united states: austin big muddy binghamton boston chicago columbus la michigan nyc portland rochester saint louis san diego san francisco bay area santa cruz, ca tennessee urbana-champaign worcester west asia: palestine process: fbi/legal updates process & imc docs projects: radio satellite tv
printable version - js reader version - view hidden posts - tags and related articles

EU prepares for hard-core Chad mission

by ISN Friday, Jul. 27, 2007 at 3:38 PM

As the EU sets peacekeeping plans in motion, the size of the force and the rules of its engagement in this hotspot remain key questions.

http://www.isn.ethz.ch/news/sw/

By Brooks Tigner in Brussels for ISN Security Watch (26/07/07)

The EU has set in motion plans to send a peacekeeping force to Chad along its troubled border with Sudan, prompting international aid and humanitarian groups to call for clear rules of engagement that focus on civilian protection and human rights and the effective implementation of a ban on using children as soldiers in the region's various conflicts.

"EU soldiers must have the right to fire if they are under attack or if civilians are attacked as well," Alain Deletroz, vice president for policy in Europe at the International Crisis Group, recently told reporters in Brussels. "The rules of engagement must be clear and robust. It would be pointless without it."

As expected during their 23-24 meeting here, foreign ministers from the bloc's 27 member states gave the green light to the EU Military Staff (EUMS) to begin defining a crisis management concept. The concept will be premised on the deployment of several thousand European troops and police officers to Chad and possibly the northern region of the Central African Republic (CAR). EU military planners aim to finalize the concept in the coming weeks, an EU diplomat told ISN Security Watch on 23 July after the ministers' decision.

The mission's purpose would be to protect civilian populations in Chad and contain the chaos in adjacent Sudan and its war-torn western province of Darfur, where strife has displaced hundreds of thousands of people in the last four years.

Many Darfurians now live in refugee camps in dire conditions just across the borders in Chad and northern CAR. Their numbers are swollen by displaced Chadians fleeing a conflict between rebel groups and the central government of President Idriss Deby.

The EU soldiers would also protect UN and humanitarian personnel working in the region.

The size of the EU's mission is still uncertain, but initial indications have been that it could involve as many as 3,000 troops, though a smaller number is more likely, said the EU diplomat.

"The numbers are somewhat up the air at this point, but one shouldn't forget that Artemis was run with considerably less than 3,000 soldiers," said the diplomat, referring to the EU's short-term peacekeeping mission in the Democratic Republic of Congo.

Artemis' three-month deployment of 1,400 troops in June 2003 to Bunia in eastern DRC was the EU's first autonomous mission to deploy outside Europe and a test case of its ability to run a hard-core security mission.

Chad: more complex and dangerous

While Artemis also had to deal with instability in Bunia, it was focused on a small area and a relatively restricted conflict scenario. By contrast, the peacekeeping challenge in Chad is more complex and dangerous, according to aid officials familiar with the setting and conditions of the region.

Nearly a quarter of a million refugees from Darfur are huddled in a dozen camps along Chad's border with Sudan, according to aid officials. Given that another 170,000 are internally displaced within Darfur, the refugee numbers could easily grow.

The refugees "are under siege from all sides," one aid official in Brussels said. "There is inter-communal and inter-ethnic violence, banditry, threats from militia groups in Chad who oppose the central government and, of course, raids by the Janjaweed across the border in Sudan. It's a desperate situation."

The Janjaweed are fearsome Muslim militia, tacitly backed by Sudan's government, who have relentlessly attacked Darfur's non-Muslim tribes and villages. Until recently, Khartoum staunchly refused to allow any but poorly equipped Africa Union (AU) peacekeepers in Darfur, though plans are now underway for a so-called hybrid force of UN and EU troops to work alongside the AU. The EU's mission in Chad would complement the UN's presence in Sudan and would hand over to it after a year or so.

The EU official said the Chad mission would be split into two components: a police element to protect and maintain order within the refugee camps and a military one with responsibility to secure the area around the camps and beyond.

The decision to deploy to the region is long overdue in view of the grave human rights violations not only in Sudan but also in Chad, where rebel groups are fighting Deby's government.

"Both sides of the civil war in Chad have recruited children. We're talking about children aged 15 or younger with guns thrust into their arms. This is a crime against humanity and must end immediately," said Lotte Leicht, EU director at Human Rights Watch.

"Deby's government has signed up to human rights declarations but it doesn't cooperate much [with human rights groups and the international community] to fight this problem. While we don't have evidence that it has recruited children in recent months, there's no evidence that it is demobilizing any child soldiers, either."

Getting Deby to comply with such demands could pose a delicate challenge for the EU peacekeeping force due to its expected large French element. As much as half the force could be French, with the balance drawn from other EU countries. As the former colonial power, France has long had close ties to Chad (Tchad in French) and stationed troops in the country.

One humanitarian aid expert said the mission should firmly come under the EU's flag and turn down any French offer to use one of its deployable headquarters as the force's main operational or planning headquarters.

"If France is perceived as partial in any way, as taking sides with the Chadian government [in its conflict with the rebel opposition], then the EU will get into a horrible situation. The mandate must be clear, strong and focused on civilian protection," said the expert.

Given the region's harsh environment, high security risks and huge geographic scale - Chad and Darfur together equal nearly one-third the size of the continental US - Lotte said the EU force will need a strong UN Chapter 7 mandate based on robust self-defense.

"The huge operating area means the mission will need rapid reaction capabilities and the right kind of equipment to protect itself," she said.

An EU military planner refused to divulge what kinds of equipment or weapons the Military Staff would choose but said "all kit options are being reviewed as we talk."

Asked by ISN Security Europe if the EU planned to invoke its so-called Berlin Plus arrangement with NATO, the EU diplomat said "no, there are no plans to do that."

Agreed between NATO and the EU in 2003, Berlin Plus allows the latter to borrow allied assets or capabilities such as airlift or detachable and deployable command chains for its own use. However, the option has never been exercised.

The EU's Military Staff is expected to finalize a crisis management concept for Chad before the end of September. Based on the mission's goal and rules of engagement, the concept will recommend the level of troops and equipment needed to carry out the mission. EU foreign ministers will review the document in October, followed by consultations with UN and Chadian authorities.

Deployment could take place by early November, though this could easily slip to the following month, said the EU diplomat.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Based in Brussels, Brooks Tigner has reported on European and trans-Atlantic security and defense issues since 1992, with particular emphasis on NATO and the EU's rapidly evolving military and homeland security policies. He is a regular contributor to the US weekly, Defense News, and editor of SECURITY EUROPE, a new monthly newsletter focused on European homeland security policy, technology and business.



Report this post as:

Local News

Change Links 2018 July posted J09 1:27PM

More Pix: "Families Belong Together," Pasadena J02 12:16PM

"Families Belong Together" March, Pasadena J02 12:08PM

Short Report on the Families Belong Together Protest in Los Angeles J30 4:26PM

Summer 2018 National Immigrant Solidarity Network News Alert! J10 11:58PM

Watch the Debate: Excluded Candidates for Governor of California M30 10:20PM

Change Links June 2018 posted M28 12:41AM

The Montrose Peace Vigil at 12 Years M22 1:01PM

Unity Archive Project M21 2:42AM

Dianne Feinstein's Promotion of War, Secret Animal Abuse, Military Profiteering, Censorshi M17 3:22PM

CA Senate Bill 1303 would require an independent coroner rather than being part of police M10 2:08PM

Three years after OC snitch scandal, no charges filed against sheriffs deputies M10 1:57PM

California police agencies violate Brown Act (open meetings) M02 1:31PM

Insane Company Wants To Send Nuke Plant Waste To New Mexico A29 4:47PM

Change Links May 2018 A27 1:40AM

Worker-Owned Car Wash on Vermont Closed A26 10:37PM

GUIDE TO REBEL CITY LOS ANGELES AVAILABLE A12 5:39PM

lausd whistle blower A10 11:58PM

Website Upgrade A10 3:02AM

Help KCET and UCLA identify 60s-70s Chicano images A04 1:02PM

UCLA Luskin: Casting Youth Justice in a Different Light A02 11:58AM

Change Links April 2018 A01 11:27AM

Nuclear Shutdown News March 2018 M31 6:57PM

Join The Protest Rally in Glendale on April 10, 2018! M29 7:00PM

Spring 2018 National Immigrant Solidarity Network News Alert! M19 2:02PM

Anti-Eviction Mapping Project Shows Shocking Eviction Trends in L.A. M16 5:40PM

Steve Mnuchin video at UCLA released M15 12:34AM

Actress and Philanthropist Tanna Frederick Hosts Project Save Our Surf Beach Clean Ups M06 12:10PM

More Local News...

Other/Breaking News

Un monde de pauvreté J22 12:54AM

14 Disturbing Facts About Scott Gottlieb, Trump's FDA Head J20 10:47PM

Behind the scenes at fbi National Academy J20 2:47PM

Treasury Takes Aim at Shell Companies J20 11:18AM

Paraphysique de l'intelligence J20 9:08AM

Oklahoma GOP Senator Jim Inhofe's Bloody Record J20 4:01AM

Globalization: hope on the horizon despite Fake Liberals. J20 3:41AM

Sorry President Trump,Ted Cruz Texas Judicial System,is Worse Than Many Shithole Countries J19 4:49PM

The Shortwave Report 07/20/18 Listen Globally! J19 4:33PM

The System Question as a Survival Question J18 8:54PM

Nation's Largest Voting Machine Co., ESS, Admits Lying Re Having Installed Remote Control J18 11:55AM

Du pain et des jeux J18 9:53AM

Paraphysique de martyrologie J17 8:00AM

Children Incorporated Earns 4-Star Rating on Charity Navigator J16 11:24AM

Democratic Socialists of America J14 4:57PM

Leonard Peltier Non Violent Native American Political Prisoner since 1970's J14 4:18PM

Paraphysique miscellanées de l'aggiornamento J14 12:54AM

FBI Investigated LA County Sheriff Baca,Why Not Hank Skinner's Persecution? J13 3:52PM

Updated Partial List Of Famous Vegetarians, Vegans, & Fruitarians J13 2:59PM

The Shortwave Report 07136/18 Listen Globally! J12 4:36PM

Social Policy as Social Infrastructure J12 3:38AM

Vol I: 84 Varieties Of GOP Election Fraud J12 1:50AM

Texas Can Call it An Execution,But It is A State Sponsored Murder of Hank Skinner.. J11 6:48PM

June 2018 Honduras coup update J11 3:35PM

Maria Estrada doubles down on racist support J11 1:40PM

New York Women in Film & Television Announces 2018 NYWIFT Ha Phuong Scholarship Recipients J11 10:14AM

Trapps de la domination, trapps de l'aliénation J11 1:31AM

Please Work For The Defeat Of Brett Kavanaugh And Why J09 8:54PM

More Breaking News...
© 2000-2018 Los Angeles Independent Media Center. Unless otherwise stated by the author, all content is free for non-commercial reuse, reprint, and rebroadcast, on the net and elsewhere. Opinions are those of the contributors and are not necessarily endorsed by the Los Angeles Independent Media Center. Running sf-active v0.9.4 Disclaimer | Privacy