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by Albert Kada Wednesday, Aug. 03, 2005 at 7:44 PM remote intelligence outpost in Texas

THE FINAL THEORY, Rethinking our Scientific Legacy was apparently a best selling book indicating less understanding of physics than I do. Mark Mcrutchen is the author, the promotions are online, and supposedly has had good reviews by unreliable sources of information. The promotions for the book are internet virus bait including a free first chapter. Guess what I found without reading the whole book? Bullshit maybe?

This classic example of a simple minded physicist trying to dispute me and Einstein cannot understand the simple concept of kinetic energy, (stored energy) existing as an energy field like a magnetic field.

In his attempt to prove that gravity, presumed to be caused by the existence of mass, needs an energy source, he lacks imagination. Gravity does do work, it creates pressure which creates heat and the next thing you know you have a volcano. Perhaps a large object like the earth pulls down on other matter because it is compressing itself in the center.

The website for the book has a tab on it called "scientific flaws" or something like that where he disputes what most people can accept about molecular and atomic physics.

Then he takes this shot in the dark with a bull turd.

The web site asks this question. "How can a fridge magnet cling against gravity endlessly without draining a power source?

This man is supposed to be a physicist and an author and he cannot or does not want to explain how it works. Please allow me to try.

A magnet has magnetic properties because energy was once applied to make it a magnet. This energy is stored in the magnet.

On a molecular level, the molecules or atoms that the magnet is made of arrange themselves into symmetric groups called domains. When most of these domains line up in the same direction you have a magnet with a north and south pole. It usually takes applied energy to get this done. Each domain is like a magnet and it takes energy to line them up in the same direction.

So where did the energy go? It is stored in the magnet in the form of a magnetic field that can be visualized with some powdered iron and a magnet. As long as the domains are lined up, the field will exist.

The field of a bar magnet would be shaped like a solid sphere if you held it up in your hand. The field itself would be quite large but stronger near the magnet. The field may extend forever if you never move the magnet, but the field weakens as you get further away because energy is still stored in the magnet and the field had to travel.

Now let us stick that bar magnet to a refrigerator. The field then concentrates itself into the metal door of the fridge rather than extending into eternity.

So you took some stored energy, kinetic energy in the form of a magnetic field, and you concentrated it into a small area inside of the metal of the refrigerator door and right next to the magnet. The result is that the magnet clings to the fridge. It has to because the domains at the north pole of the magnet want to stick to the south pole of itself. The energy field that pulls them toward each other runs through the metal door and back to the opposite pole. This creates a small molecular bond between the metal and magnet.

Perhaps gravity pulls down on the whole refrigerator including the magnet like it was one piece of material bonded together. This would explain how the magnet hangs on for so long without actually using up it's stored energy. The stored energy just changes places physically. It was stored in the magnet and the air. Now it is stored in the magnet and the metal door.

I guess if you take two fridge magnets and push them along the surface of the door with the like poles facing each other, at least one will fall off or move.

How does the magnet seem to defy gravity without an energy source? Because Kinetic energy that was stored in a large energy field is now concentrated in a small area where it temporarily becomes the force that holds the magnet to the door. When you pull it off the field expands again. Because we can observe the field we know that we are moving the field from the air to the door.

The web site also claims that a permanent magnet never loses it's magnetic properties which is incorrect. Most magnets can be demagnetized with a high tech tool called a hammer. When you beat on a magnet with a hammer the domains get all out of alignment again like before you magnetized it. Give me a permanent magnet and I will show you how to demagnetize it. It will take energy.

Would you waste your money or your time reading a book by a man who is going to redefine physics but cannot explain, much less prove how a refrigerator magnet works. It simply stores some of it's energy field in the metal door thus creating a weak molecular bond.

How would you run a controlled experiment to begin to validate the idea that gravity affects it like one object rather than two? Maybe it doesn't. It may be that the weight of the magnet trying to slide down the door is not enough to cause any friction necessary to weaken the magnet. Maybe gravity is pulling separately on the magnet and the fridge. This would validate his question about why the energy doesn't get used up.

What if you take a flat iron horizontal table and stand a bar magnet on it? Then use an instrument like a scale to measure how much force it takes to get the magnet to pull away from the table a small distance, about .1 inch or whatever is practical with your magnet.
You will probably get a peak reading right before the two surfaces separate. Subtract the weight of the magnet from the peak reading. This would give you a measurement in a unit like inch-pounds of how much work it takes to remove the magnet from the top of the table.

Now put the same pole of the same magnet on the same spot of the same table, but on the bottom this time. Attach the scale and pull the magnet off.

If the latter peak reading is the same as the first peak reading minus the weight of the magnet then gravity is not pulling on the magnet. Gravity would be pulling on the table and the magnet as if they were welded together.

If the latter reading is less then gravity is helping you pull the magnet off the bottom of the table.

In actual practice, not all of the domains in the bar magnet will be lined up. These parts of the magnet may be effected by gravity separately from the rest of the magnet (according to my hypothesis) and the table. Because of this the latter reading will almost always be less. That is my guess before I perform the experiment. It is important to guess what will happen before you run an experiment.

If you could somehow construct a magnet that was 100 percent magnetized, (all the domains lined up in the same direction) then the readings may come out closer to the same.

By using atomic physics theories and math, you could estimate the number and the weight of the domains that are out of line. Then by considering this data also the readings may come out closer to being equal.

Would this experiment have a practical purpose? I think so. If it is shown that gravity pulls on two magnets as if they were one, then perhaps it has an aerospace application.

If you magnetized parts before assembling them mechanically, the fasteners might undergo a lot less stress during a rocket launch.

Heavy motorcycle parts might not fall off and break off as easily if one or more of the parts was magnetized.

If the insulation on the solid rocket booster of the space shuttle was a rubber magnet with insulating properties it might not fall apart like the Styrofoam did.

Docking orbiting spacecraft with magnetized poles might make the two crafts easier to navigate.

by Albert Kada

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Listed below are the 10 latest comments of 32 posted about this article.
These comments are anonymously submitted by the website visitors.
start with the basics Hex Wednesday, Aug. 03, 2005 at 10:17 PM
unasked info Sheepdog Wednesday, Aug. 03, 2005 at 10:34 PM
It might also be worth noting Skeptic Wednesday, Aug. 03, 2005 at 11:33 PM
"called the tesla" Hex Wednesday, Aug. 03, 2005 at 11:34 PM
I agree Hex Wednesday, Aug. 03, 2005 at 11:42 PM
Okay, Mr. Whizzard Sheepdog Wednesday, Aug. 03, 2005 at 11:46 PM
" You're an idiot." says the flake Hex Thursday, Aug. 04, 2005 at 12:01 AM
academic resources - Hex Thursday, Aug. 04, 2005 at 12:07 AM
Tesla energy? Sheepdog Thursday, Aug. 04, 2005 at 12:07 AM
"outlets in 115AC are the results of Tesla" Hex Thursday, Aug. 04, 2005 at 12:18 AM
and you call ME an idiot.. Hex Thursday, Aug. 04, 2005 at 12:26 AM
Captains of Industry (pirates) Sheepdog Thursday, Aug. 04, 2005 at 12:30 AM
and the time machine ran backwards Hex Thursday, Aug. 04, 2005 at 12:41 AM
lead in... Sheepdog Thursday, Aug. 04, 2005 at 12:48 AM
education Sheepdog Thursday, Aug. 04, 2005 at 12:58 AM
the electric motors in my outlets ? Hex Thursday, Aug. 04, 2005 at 1:10 AM
Tesla was a giant. Sheepdog Thursday, Aug. 04, 2005 at 1:14 AM
what happened to "Tesla energy" ? Hex Thursday, Aug. 04, 2005 at 1:19 AM
And so I conclude (?) Sheepdog Thursday, Aug. 04, 2005 at 1:22 AM
Still waiting on Tesla energy Hex Thursday, Aug. 04, 2005 at 1:33 AM
bait & switch game Hex Thursday, Aug. 04, 2005 at 1:36 AM
Mr. Whizzard Sheepdog Thursday, Aug. 04, 2005 at 2:02 AM
bait & switch 3 Hex Thursday, Aug. 04, 2005 at 2:21 AM
More on Power Sheepdog Thursday, Aug. 04, 2005 at 2:24 AM
bait & switch 4 - radio waves Hex Thursday, Aug. 04, 2005 at 2:37 AM
now wipe off the foam, Mr Whizzard Sheepdog Thursday, Aug. 04, 2005 at 2:38 AM
radio? Sheepdog Thursday, Aug. 04, 2005 at 2:44 AM
bait & switch 5 - with failed memory Hex Thursday, Aug. 04, 2005 at 2:57 AM
poor boy Sheepdog Thursday, Aug. 04, 2005 at 3:02 AM
bait & switch 6 - semantics Hex Thursday, Aug. 04, 2005 at 3:12 AM
is this thing on? Sheepdog Tuesday, Aug. 09, 2005 at 1:22 AM
the magnet please richirich Friday, Dec. 29, 2006 at 8:37 PM

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