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"Russia doesn't conduct negotiations with terrorists — it destroys them."

by mkj Tuesday, Feb. 17, 2004 at 12:56 PM

its not over people, its a hard fact that something must be done to end the bloodshed and violence, and putins methods are not really working

Timeline of Key Events in Chechnya, 1830–2003

by David Johnson and Borgna Brunner

1830s

Czar Nicholas I invades Caucuses, meets fierce resistance.

1859

Russia conquers, incorporates Caucuses.

1917

Russian Revolution, Dagestan (including Chechnya) declares its independence.

1923

Bolshevik troops occupy Dagestan, divide region, creating Chechen-Ingush Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic.

1944

Stalin deports thousands of Chechens to Siberia and Kazakhstan, on suspicion of collaborating with Germany.

1957

Chechen-Ingush republic reestablished. Chechens return home.

1991

Soviet Union collapses, 14 regions become independent nations. Dzhokhar Dudayev elected president of Chechnya. Dudayev declares Chechnya independent. Russian President Boris Yeltsin refuses to recognize Chechen independence, sends troops. Confronted by armed Chechens, troops withdraw.

1994

Chechnya continues to assert its independence. Paramilitary bands accused of widespread kidnapping for ransom. Russia invades Chechnya; bloody war ensues.

1995

10,000 Russian troops occupy Grozny. Dudayev killed by Russian rocket. Total Russian force numbers 45,000. Chechens takes hostages.

1996

Chechens launch major counteroffensive, 5,000 troops invade Grozny. Unwilling to use maximum force and destroy Grozny to defeat rebels, Russians agree to ceasefire. Yeltsin orders troops withdrawn from Chechnya. Russian military humiliated. 70,000 casualties on all sides.

1997

Chechnya won't accept Moscow's authority. Aslan Maskhadov elected Chechen president. Name of capital changed from the Russian Grozny, to the Chechen Djohar. Lawlessness in Chechnya continues.

1999

Terrorist bombs explode in Moscow and other Russian cities. Russian authorities blame Chechen paramilitary commanders. Chechen insurgents enter neighboring Russian territory of Dagestan to help Islamic fundamentalists seeking to create separate nation.

Russian troops recapture breakaway areas of Dagestan. Yeltsin sends nearly 100,000 Russian troops into Chechnya. Russians occupy much of Chechnya, pulverize Grozny, driving rebels into hills. 250,000 refugees.

2000

Despite Russian claims of imminent victory, war continues. Russians are unable to defeat rebels in mountainous areas. United Nations officials call for investigations of alleged human rights abuses by Russian troops and by Chechen rebels. New Russian President Vladimir Putin agrees to human rights investigation, continues war.

2001

Russian president Putin appoints Stanislav Ilyasov as Chechen prime minister.

2002

On Oct. 23, Chechen rebels seized a crowded Moscow theater and detained 763 people, including 3 Americans. Armed and wired with explosives, the rebels demanded that Russian government end the war in Chechnya. Government forces stormed the theater the next day, after releasing a gas into the theater, which killed not only all the rebels but more than 100 hostages.

2003

In March Chechens voted in a referendum that approved a new regional constitution making Chechnya a separatist republic within Russia. Agreeing to the constitution meant abandoning claims for complete independence. While Moscow has presented the referendum as a way of bringing peace to the war-ravaged region, it is unclear how much power Russia would actually grant the separatist republic. A spate of Chechen suicide bombings followed throughout the year.

In September elections, Akhmad Kadyrov, the de facto Chechen president installed three years earlier by Russia, officially becomes president. Human rights groups as well as several nations questioned the fairness of the elections.

During 2003, there were 11 bomb attacks against Russia believed to have been orchestrated by Chechen rebels.



2004

........

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LATEST COMMENTS ABOUT THIS ARTICLE
Listed below are the 10 latest comments of 9 posted about this article.
These comments are anonymously submitted by the website visitors.
TITLE AUTHOR DATE
You say you want a revolution well ya know Tuesday, Feb. 17, 2004 at 6:40 PM
fresca fresca Tuesday, Feb. 17, 2004 at 6:54 PM
lol mkj Tuesday, Feb. 17, 2004 at 7:21 PM
Re: "Simply brilliant" SkullnBonz Tuesday, Feb. 17, 2004 at 7:29 PM
ex-president assasination mkj Wednesday, Feb. 18, 2004 at 8:58 AM
OneEyedMan KPC Wednesday, Feb. 18, 2004 at 8:19 PM
fresca fresca Thursday, Feb. 19, 2004 at 4:22 AM
OneEyedMan KPC Thursday, Feb. 19, 2004 at 6:04 PM
thank you.... mkj Sunday, Feb. 22, 2004 at 6:49 AM

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