- js reader version
- view hidden posts
- tags and related articles
by Stephen Lendman
Monday, Jun. 04, 2012 at 9:17 PM
Discrimination Against Arab Communities in Israel and Palestine
by Stephen Lendman
An April joint Bimkom Planners for Planning Rights/Arab Center for Alternative Planning (ACAP) report titled "Outline Planning for Arab Localities in Israel" explains state-sponsored discriminatory injustice.
Bimkom's Cesar Yeudki called study findings "a recipe for further widening the gaps between population groups in Israeli society."
The report discussed Arab community planning for the first time. It reviewed 119 areas with about 950,000 residents. It compared variations in planning solutions for Arab and Jewish locations.
Over decades, Arab areas transformed from rural to densely urban "with no overarching strategy." Israeli planning procedures failed to meet needs of a growing population.
Housing, infrastructure and adequate land allocations are sorely lacking. In contrast, Jewish communities get preferential treatment. Two main Arab groups lack housing solutions:
(1) Residents who own land located outside areas zoned for development.
(2) Others without land unable buy it for home construction.
Israel's Interior Ministry bears responsibility. Partial solutions only are offered. In addition, drawn out planning procedures leave them out of date when approved.
The 2003 Or Commission concluded that discrimination, neglect and hardship contributed to September 2000 Intifada eruptions. While the Arab population grew sevenfold since 1948, residential areas remained virtually unchanged. Lack of planning and bureaucratic foot-dragging were blamed.
Until 2000, most Arab communities had no approved plans. Early that year, the Interior Ministry initiated efforts for the "advancement of outline planning in the non-Jewish sector."
Initially about 30 communities were included. Later they more than doubled. The project included master plans for 13 locations in north and Central Israel. A regional one for Wadi Ara areas was also completed.
At the same time, nine local plans were initiated. Twelve years later, approval was gotten for only half the designated areas. In other words, the Interior Ministry's fulfillment belied its promise.
Development requires careful planning with regard to housing, industry, commerce, public buildings, open spaces, agriculture, infrastructure, and other essential needs.
Failure to complete them properly leaves vital issues unaddressed. Quality of life deteriorates. Unregulated building fails to keep up.
Jewish areas get preferential treatment. Arab ones function largely on their own, hit or miss, including running afoul of zoning requirements.
As a result, ad hoc plans haven't solved Arab problems. Systemic ones exist. They include unrealistic estimates of housing needs relative to population size and growth.
Arab citizens are marginalized and neglected. Dozens of their communities in Israel's North, Central, Haifa and Jerusalem districts have no approved plans. In total, areas without plans include over half the Arab population.
In preparing their report, Bimkom and ACAP conducted comparisons of Arab and Jewish areas having similar characteristics. They include population and area size, local government similarities, and other factors.
The study examined the amount of land allocated in outline plans per locality. Attention was paid to future residential development, industry and employment.
Findings showed population projections for Jewish areas greatly exaggerated. Plans prioritized them generously. They're given more land, funding, and allocations for infrastructure, schools, medical facilities, open areas, and other needs.
In addition, industrial and employment considerations got much greater attention. In contrast, Arab communities were deprived.
For example, Taibeh's population matches Rosh Haayin. Each has about 40,000 residents. Both have similar municipal status and jurisdictional area characteristics.
Plans, however, treat them differently. Taibeh's population projection is 45,500 residents compared to Rosh Haayin's 100,000. At the same time, Israel's Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS) estimates 65,800 Taibeh residents and 47,700 for Rosh Haayin by 2030.
Underestimating Taibeh's growth means fewer public resources for it. Moreover, by the time plans are approved, they're outdated.
As a result, planned Taibeh residential development is 40% less that Rosh Haayin's. It needs more but didn't get it. In addition, land for Taibeh's industrial growth is 55% lower than Rosh Haayin's. Opportunities for business and commerce are lacking. Jobs aren't created. Residents lose out. So does overall quality of life.
Moreover, Jewish communities are situated on public land. Arab towns get by on what's privately owned. It means much less is available without government help.
According to ACAP's Reem Swaid:
"The vast majority of the Arab population in Israel, in dozens of communities, has not been provided with appropriate planning that answers its needs."
"Housing and good planning are basic rights of all citizens – whether they are Arab or Jewish, whether they live in central Israel or in the periphery."
Prioritizing Jewish needs over Arab ones leaves one-fifth of Israel's population marginalized and cheated. It's been that way for decades.
National Parks Over Neighborhood Needs in East Jerusalem
Another April Bimkom report was titled "From National to Public - National Parks in East Jerusalem." It was a first of its kind initiative. It discussed national park planning and development.
Findings showed "their conglomeration points toward a news trend: the designation of areas as national parks instead of open and public ones has become a tool for limiting" Palestinian neighborhood development.
Moreover, multiple national parks in the heart of the city's urban fabric is unique to Jerusalem. Some include existing houses, commerce and industry.
Jerusalem's Municipality is advantaged two ways:
(1) National parks don't require land expropriation.
(2) Development and enforcement responsibility is transferred from municipal control to the National Planning Authority (NPA).
As a result, a national body has development control. At the same time, the Jerusalem Municipality bears responsibility for all its residents. Nonetheless, it abdicated it to NPA authority. Arabs lose out to Jewish priorities.
Currently, a detailed plan for establishing a national park between the Palestinian neighborhoods of Al-Isawiyyah and At-tur is under review. Its official name is Mount Scopus Slopes National Park.
It encompasses about 75 hectares or nearly 200 acres. It encompasses all land between two crowded Palestinian communities. It deprives them of space to grow. According to Bimkom's Efrat Cohen-Bar:
"The Palestinian neighborhoods of East Jerusalem are crowded and they suffer from neglect and extreme shortage of public infrastructure."
"The residents are in desperate need of space by means of which they can improve their quality of life, even if slightly. The designation of land as a national park is a powerful and unjustified planning tool that is harmful for the population of East Jerusalem."
Israel wants all Jerusalem for its exclusive capital. Palestinians are systematically deprived and removed. They're driven from their own land. They're marginalized and deprived.
They're on their own to reverse decades of injustice and ill-treatment. They're headed for cantonized isolation on worthless scrubland if fail. That's powerful motivation to prevent it.
Stephen Lendman lives in Chicago and can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org.
His new book is titled "How Wall Street Fleeces America: Privatized Banking, Government Collusion and Class War"
Visit his blog site at sjlendman.blogspot.com and listen to cutting-edge discussions with distinguished guests on the Progressive Radio News Hour on the Progressive Radio Network Thursdays at 10AM US Central time and Saturdays and Sundays at noon. All programs are archived for easy listening.
Report this post as:
GUIDE TO REBEL CITY LOS ANGELES AVAILABLE
lausd whistle blower
Help KCET and UCLA identify 60s-70s Chicano images
UCLA Luskin: Casting Youth Justice in a Different Light
Change Links April 2018
Nuclear Shutdown News March 2018
Join The Protest Rally in Glendale on April 10, 2018!
Join The Protest Rally in Glendale on April 10, 2018!
Spring 2018 National Immigrant Solidarity Network News Alert!
Anti-Eviction Mapping Project Shows Shocking Eviction Trends in L.A.
Steve Mnuchin video at UCLA released
Actress and Philanthropist Tanna Frederick Hosts Project Save Our Surf Beach Clean Ups
After Being Told He's 'Full of Sh*t' at School Event, Mnuchin Demands UCLA Suppress Video
Resolution of the Rent Strike in Boyle Heights
What Big Brother Knows About You and What You Can Do About It
Step Up As LAPD Chief Charlie Beck Steps Down
Our House Grief Support Center Hosts 9th Annual Run For Hope, April 29
Don’t let this LA County Probation Department overhaul proposal sit on the shelf
Echo Park Residents Sue LA Over Controversial Development
Former Signal Hill police officer pleads guilty in road-rage incident in Irvine
Calif. Police Accused of 'Collusion' With Neo-Nazis After Release of Court Documents
Center for the Study of Political Graphics exhibit on Police Abuse posters
City Agrees to Settle Lawsuit Claiming Pasadena Police Officer Had His Sister Falsely Arre
Professor's Study Highlights Health Risks of Urban Oil Drilling
Claims paid involving Pasadena Police Department 2014 to present
Pasadenans - get your license plate reader records from police
LA Times Homicide Report
More Local News...
Shadowgun Legends Hack and Cheats
What does the Quran Say About Islamic Dress??
Biodiversité ou la nature privatisée
The Market is a Universal Totalitarian Religion
Book Available about Hispanics and US Civil War by National Park Service
The Shortwave Report 04/20/18 Listen Globally!
The Republican 'Prolife' Party Is the Party of War, Execution, and Bear Cub Murder
Paraphysique de la dictature étatique
Book Review: "The New Bonapartists"
The West Must Take the First Steps to Russia
Théorie générale de la révolution ou hommage à feu Mikhaïl Bakounine
The Shortwave Report 04/13/18 Listen Globally!
“Lost in a Dream” Singing Competition Winner to Be Chosen on April 15 for ,000 Prize!
The World Dependent on Central Banks
Ohio Governor Race: Dennis Kucinich & Richard Cordray Run Against Mike DeWine
March 2018 Honduras Coup Again Update
Apologie du zadisme insurrectionnel
ICE contract with license plate reader company
Black Portraiture(S) IV: The Color of Silence...Cuba No...Cambridge Yes
Prohibiting Micro-Second Betting on the Exchanges
Prosecutors treat Muslims harsher than non-Muslims for the same crimes
Amy Goodman interview on cell phone safety
Mesa, Arizona police officer kills unarmed white man
Israeli leaders should be prosecuted for war crimes
Paraphysique de l'autorité
More Breaking News...