- js reader version
- view hidden posts
- tags and related articles
by Luise Anna Reinisch
Friday, Jul. 02, 2010 at 3:22 AM
Theology of liberation understands itself as an historical and contextual theology, an alternative to European theology which is an imperialist theology for Latin American peoples. Liberation theology emphasizes structurally anchored sins like oppression and impunity.
By Luise Anna Reinisch
[This article published in April 2010 is translated from the German on the Internet, http://www.quetzal-leipzig.de.]
The term “theology of liberation” can be traced back to the foundational 1971 work of the Peruvian Gustavo Gutierrez in which he makes a biblical analysis of poverty. Church base communities and intellectual centers formed within the leftist popular movement sought to realize a theology and church coming from the people and opting for the poor. Since the end of the 1960s, liberation theology has played an important role in many Latin American countries in connection with the overthrow attempts against regimes installed by the US.
The option was proclaimed dogmatically at the Latin American bishops’ conferences in Medellin (1968) and Puebla (1979). In the 1970s and 1980s the liberating pastoral praxis and prophetic preaching were felt to be so threatening by the conservative-rightwing governments that catechists, intellectuals and even bishops were murdered in the civil wars in Guatemala, El Salvador and Nicaragua. They were demonized by local military governments and by the hierarchical church and classical European theology.
In the 1990s questions like the capitalist world economy, the climate crisis, homosexuality and HIV-infection were taken up in theology and themes like Christology systematized from a liberation theology perspective. For a part of the Latin American population, the liberating pastoral praxis is still important today but has its adversaries in the Opus-Dei-movement and in evangelical churches.
Theology of liberation is not neutral to the political situation of a country but opts to the final consequences for the poor and victims to liberate them from their exploitation and oppression. The poor are the subject of church action, not the object of theological reflections. Theology of liberation understands itself as an historical and contextual theology, an alternative to European theology which is an imperialist theology for Latin American peoples. Its priority is praxis on the basis of popular reading of the Bible. The methodical three-step seeing, judging and acting serves as a foundation of orthopraxy. Liberation theology makes God’s reign the principle which people can live together, illumines economic, political and historical structures like capitalism and considers alternatives. Theology of liberation sees Christians making money and power their idols under the mantle of religion as its opposites and enemies, not atheists. Liberation theology emphasizes liberation from structurally anchored sins like oppression and impunity as primary in the Christian redemption message, not primarily the forgiveness of individual sins. Therefore its focus is not on the moral valuation of individual sins (like adultery, theft and prostitution). Instead it questions the political and economic structures behind them inducing persons to their acts. Liberating Latin American peoples from their structural sins and thorough social science analysis about this oppression are necessary. Its social critique is based on the dependence theory that stresses the poverty in Latin America is caused by political-economic dependence on Europe and the US, not internal factors. Theology of liberation understands itself as a complete alternative to classical theology, not as one sub-theology among many. This is clear in the diversity and complexity of its themes.
Important liberation theology movements are found in Peru around Gustavo Gutierrez, in Brazil around Leonardo Boff and Pedro Casaldaliga, in El Salvador around Jon Sobrino, Ignacio Ellacuria and Oscar Romero, in Costa Rica around Franz Hinkelammert, Elsa Tamez and Hugo Assmann, in Chiapas (Mexico) around Samuel Ruiz and in Nicaragua around Ernesto Cardenal.
In the meantime liberation theology was applied and contextualized in African and Asian countries. Liberation theologians cooperate closely on all three continents as shown by the works of the Ecumenical Association of Theologians of the Third World (EATWOT).
Liberation theology was also supported and applied in Germany. A living dialogue arose between German theologians (above all Dorothee Soelle, Johann Baptist Metz and Jurgen Moltmann) and Latin American liberation theologians.
Report this post as:
GUIDE TO REBEL CITY LOS ANGELES AVAILABLE
lausd whistle blower
Help KCET and UCLA identify 60s-70s Chicano images
UCLA Luskin: Casting Youth Justice in a Different Light
Change Links April 2018
Nuclear Shutdown News March 2018
Join The Protest Rally in Glendale on April 10, 2018!
Join The Protest Rally in Glendale on April 10, 2018!
Spring 2018 National Immigrant Solidarity Network News Alert!
Anti-Eviction Mapping Project Shows Shocking Eviction Trends in L.A.
Steve Mnuchin video at UCLA released
Actress and Philanthropist Tanna Frederick Hosts Project Save Our Surf Beach Clean Ups
After Being Told He's 'Full of Sh*t' at School Event, Mnuchin Demands UCLA Suppress Video
Resolution of the Rent Strike in Boyle Heights
What Big Brother Knows About You and What You Can Do About It
Step Up As LAPD Chief Charlie Beck Steps Down
Our House Grief Support Center Hosts 9th Annual Run For Hope, April 29
Don’t let this LA County Probation Department overhaul proposal sit on the shelf
Echo Park Residents Sue LA Over Controversial Development
Former Signal Hill police officer pleads guilty in road-rage incident in Irvine
Calif. Police Accused of 'Collusion' With Neo-Nazis After Release of Court Documents
Center for the Study of Political Graphics exhibit on Police Abuse posters
City Agrees to Settle Lawsuit Claiming Pasadena Police Officer Had His Sister Falsely Arre
Professor's Study Highlights Health Risks of Urban Oil Drilling
Claims paid involving Pasadena Police Department 2014 to present
Pasadenans - get your license plate reader records from police
LA Times Homicide Report
More Local News...
Doxa du lobby
Tech workers organize
Architect Stephen Francis Jones
UN Forum Wrestles with Economic Policies 10 Years After Financial Crisis Islands Call for
Shadowgun Legends Hack and Cheats
What does the Quran Say About Islamic Dress??
Biodiversité ou la nature privatisée
The Market is a Universal Totalitarian Religion
Book Available about Hispanics and US Civil War by National Park Service
The Shortwave Report 04/20/18 Listen Globally!
The Republican 'Prolife' Party Is the Party of War, Execution, and Bear Cub Murder
Paraphysique de la dictature étatique
Book Review: "The New Bonapartists"
The West Must Take the First Steps to Russia
Théorie générale de la révolution ou hommage à feu Mikhaïl Bakounine
The Shortwave Report 04/13/18 Listen Globally!
“Lost in a Dream” Singing Competition Winner to Be Chosen on April 15 for ,000 Prize!
The World Dependent on Central Banks
Ohio Governor Race: Dennis Kucinich & Richard Cordray Run Against Mike DeWine
March 2018 Honduras Coup Again Update
Apologie du zadisme insurrectionnel
ICE contract with license plate reader company
Black Portraiture(S) IV: The Color of Silence...Cuba No...Cambridge Yes
Prohibiting Micro-Second Betting on the Exchanges
Prosecutors treat Muslims harsher than non-Muslims for the same crimes
More Breaking News...