We had a server outage, and we're rebuilding the site. Most of the site features won't work. Thank you for your patience.
imc indymedia

Los Angeles Indymedia : Activist News

white themeblack themered themetheme help
About Us Contact Us Calendar Publish RSS
latest news
best of news




A-Infos Radio

Indymedia On Air

Dope-X-Resistance-LA List


IMC Network:

Original Cities

www.indymedia.org africa: ambazonia canarias estrecho / madiaq kenya nigeria south africa canada: hamilton london, ontario maritimes montreal ontario ottawa quebec thunder bay vancouver victoria windsor winnipeg east asia: burma jakarta japan korea manila qc europe: abruzzo alacant andorra antwerpen armenia athens austria barcelona belarus belgium belgrade bristol brussels bulgaria calabria croatia cyprus emilia-romagna estrecho / madiaq euskal herria galiza germany grenoble hungary ireland istanbul italy la plana liege liguria lille linksunten lombardia london madrid malta marseille nantes napoli netherlands nice northern england norway oost-vlaanderen paris/Île-de-france patras piemonte poland portugal roma romania russia saint-petersburg scotland sverige switzerland thessaloniki torun toscana toulouse ukraine united kingdom valencia latin america: argentina bolivia chiapas chile chile sur cmi brasil colombia ecuador mexico peru puerto rico qollasuyu rosario santiago tijuana uruguay valparaiso venezuela venezuela oceania: adelaide aotearoa brisbane burma darwin jakarta manila melbourne perth qc sydney south asia: india mumbai united states: arizona arkansas asheville atlanta austin baltimore big muddy binghamton boston buffalo charlottesville chicago cleveland colorado columbus dc hawaii houston hudson mohawk kansas city la madison maine miami michigan milwaukee minneapolis/st. paul new hampshire new jersey new mexico new orleans north carolina north texas nyc oklahoma philadelphia pittsburgh portland richmond rochester rogue valley saint louis san diego san francisco san francisco bay area santa barbara santa cruz, ca sarasota seattle tampa bay tennessee urbana-champaign vermont western mass worcester west asia: armenia beirut israel palestine process: fbi/legal updates mailing lists process & imc docs tech volunteer projects: print radio satellite tv video regions: oceania united states topics: biotech

Surviving Cities

www.indymedia.org africa: canada: quebec east asia: japan europe: athens barcelona belgium bristol brussels cyprus germany grenoble ireland istanbul lille linksunten nantes netherlands norway portugal united kingdom latin america: argentina cmi brasil rosario oceania: aotearoa united states: austin big muddy binghamton boston chicago columbus la michigan nyc portland rochester saint louis san diego san francisco bay area santa cruz, ca tennessee urbana-champaign worcester west asia: palestine process: fbi/legal updates process & imc docs projects: radio satellite tv
printable version - js reader version - view hidden posts - tags and related articles

Regional Economics Against Climate Change

by Norbert Rost Friday, Apr. 06, 2007 at 2:26 PM

Modern industrial society faces a dilemma. On one hand, people of industrial countries do not want to abandon their assets and habits or way of living. On the other hand, the climate problem ends up in destruction of humanity if emissions continue as in the past


A Green Analysis

By Norbert Rost

[This article published in the German-English cyber journal Telepolis 3/8/2007 is translated from the German on the World Wide Web, http://www.heise.de/tp/r4/artikel/24/24614/1.html.]

Greenpeace rates the year 2006 as successful despite record temperatures, threatened species and continuing climate change. Consciousness of climate change has arisen. In 2006, more media reports appeared on environmental problems than ever before. Al Gore’s “An Inconvenient truth,” a documentary film on this theme, was successful. Environmental problems must reach people directly before they reflect, it seems. This happened with the melting of the beloved ski areas…

The person causes the climate problem, science declares undisputedly. He does this through the emission of great quantities of carbon dioxide and other gases. These gases keep sunlight in the atmosphere and contribute to its warming. This phenomenon called the “greenhouse effect” is utilized consciously in agriculture. What has a positive effect in the greenhouse has massive negative effects in warming the whole planet: more powerful storms, floods and droughts, melting of polar ice caps and glaciers, undermining permafrost soil, rise of the sea level and so forth.


Climate change is caused by a warming of the atmosphere that on its side is triggered by higher emissions of gases. To lessen climate change, the emission of gases must be reduced.

What is the origin of the gases, especially carbon dioxide? The gases are brought into the atmosphere by economic activities of people, by burning fossil fuels in industrial plants and vehicles, by intensive livestock breeding and as waste products in industrial processes.

In addition, the person erodes forests as paper raw material and for pasture- and arable land that normally absorbs carbon dioxide as CO2 sinks so it disappears from the atmosphere. Thus the climate problem is closely connected with the human economy.


Modern industrial society faces a dilemma. On one hand, people of industrialized countries do not want to renounce their assets and their habits or way of living. On the other hand, the climate problem will end in the destruction of humanity if emissions continue as in the past. How should these seemingly incompatible problems be judged?

In addition, the lifestyle of industrial countries is a model for developing countries that for their part desire the same prosperity shown to them. Can the planet survive if the western way of life becomes the global standard?

These questions are raised reluctantly in industrialized society. The media rarely discuss the problematic exhaustively and individuals repress it – presumably because they do not feel able to constructively deal with the developments or cannot make an effective contribution as individuals.

Moreover the capitalist economic system according to all experience and academic theory is forced to growth to avert crises with mass unemployment and poverty. (1) Renunciation is desirable from an ecological perspective but disastrous from an economic vantage point. In Germany, the demand for economic growth is even anchored in the constitution.

How can we break out of this dilemma?


New completely different economic models can be designed that approximate an ideal economic system:

• Ecological, including the natural environment positively

• Crisis-free, free from unemployment, recessions and mass bankruptcies

• Just, free from unjust distribution of assets and income

• Fair, respecting human rights and the freedom of individuals

Visionary utopias are useful to stimulate the imagination and define strategic goals. However utopias are taboo. Realizable conversions must start from the present situation to gain acceptance in the population and with decision-makers.

Imaginable alternatives are essential for changing to an environmentally friendly economic system. Searching for alternative economic forms and spreading discoveries are vital. Building on this, others could gain courage to research and realize other alternatives.

In the following, an alternative economic form will be offered, its characteristics outlined and the necessary instruments described. This economic form can be understood as a proposal and possible way that must be elaborated in detail. This description does not claim to be complete or ideal. Nevertheless it is a vital expansion, completion and improvement of the current economic system – especially in positively integrating the environment.


Regional economics does not contradict the current spirit of the times of the global exchange of goods. Rather regionalization can be understood as a sensible completion of globalization since it includes many aspects into economic life that are lacking in capitalist economics. While the globalization process inspires large-scale rationalizations, regional economics promotes humanly friendly and environmentally friendly developments that are not inevitably globally competitive.


The environmental problematic should be emphasized right at the beginning. If economic actors are organized regionally and local resources utilized, transportation distances will be reduced. If a large part of the goods are produced where they are consumed instead of being produced on one side of the planet and consumed on another side, a great savings of transportation emissions could be realized.

If regional economics means accepting locally available resources, these resources become very important. How can a region survive if the local resources disappear? A regional economic organization anchors an environmental consciousness in an interesting way. Using their resources sparingly and developing new resources is imperative for egotistic-economic reasons in the interests of residents and for altruistic motives. Regenerative resources could be actively made available by cultivating a greater diversity of plants and seeking new uses for the available natural raw materials.

How can this regional economic mode be realized? The most important instrument for regional economics is money: regional money (regional currency). Since 2003, a number of regional European currencies have started that could be a basis for a regionally oriented economics.

Regional currencies could supplement the Euro as regional currencies with regional means of payment. These geographically restricted currencies have interesting effects. The following effects may be the most important:

Every return in the form of regional money is guaranteed to be spent n the same region where it is exchanged.

Regional money-purchasing power cannot flow out of its home region. Purchasing power is tied to the respective region. This has consequences. Every economic actor open for regional purchasing power must seek suppliers in the same region since he cannot spend the proceeds outside the region. This is also true for the suppliers. They must also seek regional business partners and if necessary change their supplier structures. Nearby business partners are preferred. Existing regional circulations are promoted and additional business connections arise. Transportation and work routes are reduced through the spatial proximity. Value-creation chains are extended through the dynamic of regional money. What can be produced in the region should be produced within the region – even if it was long imported from afar.

Beside the emission savings through shorter transportation routes, this restructuring of the economy would make the region more independent from the outside. The degree of self-supply increases and the basic provision of the population become more stable. Additional businesses and additional jobs will arise. Finally a new regio-market alongside the Euro-market could be available to the economic actors. Ultimately services and goods that were long imported will be offered regionally in the future. (2)

This kind of economic organization allows the forces of the free market (“market economy principle”) and expands entrepreneurial possibilities. Entrepreneurs have the choice of what currencies they will accept and what supplier services they will pay for in what currency. In addition, expansion of the currency area gives preference to the subsidiarity principle and a democratization of the monetary system since local actors can join in decisions about developing a regional money system.


Inclusion of the decentralized energy model is an ideal expansion of the regional idea. If a region is supplied with goods and services that it provides itself, shouldn’t this also be true for primary energy? Why should dependence on finite fossil sources of energy continue? An incentive system is created, regional sources of energy harnessed and a decentralized energy supply developed on the basis of biomass, solar technology, wind- and water energy and other renewable sources of energy through the use of regional currencies.

How can a regional currency as an incentive system encourage alternative forms of energy?

1. All economic actors need energy.

2. Regional money can only be spent regionally. Economic actors with regional money need regionally produced energy.

3. In most regions, energy is not produced through fossil sources of energy. Therefore the only possibility for producing regional energy is using locally available, regenerative sources of energy.

A regional currency relies on incentives in the economic system that encourages economic actors to develop a decentralized energy supply on the basis of regenerative energy.

Leaving the energy supply to the self-organization of regions promotes regional independence from finite sources of energy and helps replace the environmentally harmful “old” sources of energy with regenerative energy. A means of payment for guaranteeing the exchange between local energy producers and energy consumers could be feasible with regional currencies.

One problem for this approach is in technology. The necessary technologies must be ensured for the decentralized energy supply of every region. If monopolies exist in manufacturing solar cells or biomass power plants, the regional approach could fail for lack of technologies and machines.

Knowledge, especially about technological and organizational elements that can be integrated in regional thinking, must be available to local actors: medium technologies that are neither too large nor too small for the regional approach. (3) Suspending the protectionist patent system in favor of more open concepts should be probed.


Agriculture will have a greater role in a regionally oriented economy than today. Regionally- and biologically-oriented food will find a special niche in the regional market. The search for regionally available raw materials will have repercussions on farmers. Farmers will produce the future raw materials that grow on their fields (Recycling existing resources becomes more important where mining no longer contributes to the production of new raw materials). New local plants like hemp could be the basis for new regional industries.

The example of hemp shows how regional economics and regenerative raw materials can encourage innovative processes. Hemp is an annual plant that can grow up to 12 feet high nearly anywhere. For centuries, its long fibers were used in manufacturing fabrics and paper. Hemp represents an alternative to cutting down centuries-old forests or intensive chemical cotton cultivation. The oily seeds can be used as food or as the basis for regionally cultivated foods when pressed into oil. The plant remnants are suited as building material and as biomass for regional biomass power plants. The hemp sap is a raw material for regional pharmaceutical and chemical industries. (4)

In addition, technologies are developed under the motto “grow your house.” This project offers the South African population a sustainable regional development and also enables a reduction up to 90% in CO2 emissions in housing construction. Houses can be built that consist almost entirely of hemp. (5)


Regional economics emphasizes the human bond to a direct environment. The process of producing goods and services moves closer to people and becomes more transparent and open to influence. The names of regional currencies often closely tied to agricultural/geographic realities promote identification of people with their region.

The size of regions is oriented in economic realities. Orienting regional economics in cultural or agricultural natural possibilities is sensible. On the other hand, orientation in economic realities can be necessary according to the region. Including surrounding rural regions is necessary for supplying big cities like Berlin, Hamburg and Munich. Agriculture makes available food for the city and countryside.


• Nature also prefers locally available resources to distant resources. Plants find nourishment in their earthly realm and animals in their immediate surroundings

• Symbiotic connections between species in nature are comparable with the division of labor cooperation in the human economic system

• A diversity of species develops in nature according to local realities (different in the desert than in the Amazon). The cultural diversity of regions can be maintained in a regionally oriented economy.

In addition, regional economics recognizes that residents of the respective region have the first claim on local resources (e.g. South American primeval forest, oil in the Middle East).

Despite all small-scale organization, the regions are also part of a greater reality. Therefore the idea of a Europe of regions is offered as a (political) vision.


Changing the economic system is a necessary condition. However an improvement of the environment cannot be expected from this economic change alone. Whatever changes occur to our economic system, enlightenment of the population about the connections between human lifestyles and environmental damage is important. Every person must understand that his/her own lifestyle is jointly responsible for the development of the environment and that conduct is not without alternatives but reflects the decision of every individual: what one consumes, where one consumes and how one is engaged in his social environment.

Beside the strategy of controlling emissions that contribute to climate change, a second strategy should be developing CO2 sinks. “CO2 sinks” bind carbon dioxide (CO2) from the atmosphere. Every plant does this with growth. To grow, it needs carbon dioxide. Demands in which the population can participate directly should be promoted as accompanying measures. The greening of cities and villages spares the housing environment and also helps clean the air, bind carbon dioxide and isolate heat accumulations.

Since much solar energy is absorbed by human construction and transformed in heat, streets, houses and other structures contribute to the warming of the direct environment and the total global warming with buildings that absorb fewer rays of the sun.


Climate change follows a cause-effect chain: Transportation, industry, agriculture > emissions > warming > climate change

To slow down development, the human economic system must be changed so emissions are hindered. A regionally oriented economics approaches this ideal by reducing transportation. The use of regional currencies promotes the use of local resources. Through regional money, an incentive system could promote locally available, regenerative energy. In addition, building CO2 sinks should be prioritized and people enlightened about their individual responsibility for their environment.


[1] Siehe auch: B. Senf, "Der Nebel um das Geld", ISBN: 3879984352 ; D. Suhr, " Auf Arbeitslosigkeit programmierte Wirtschaft (1)"; N. Rost " Eine experimentelle Überprüfung der Aussagen der Freiwirtschaftslehre (2)", Diplomarbeit 2003

[2] siehe auch: N. Rost: " Regionalwährungen als wirtschaftsförderndes Anreizsystem in strukturschwachen Gebieten (3)"

[3] siehe: E.F. Schumacher "Die Rückkehr zum menschlichen Maß (small is beautiful)", ISBN 3930720701

[4] siehe auch: Sächsisches Landesamt für Umwelt und Geologie, Sächsisches Landesamt für Landwirtschaft: " Nachwachsende Rohstoffe (Hanf, Flachs, Salbei und Kamille) Ð Anbau und Bedeutung für den Lebensraum Acker in Sachsen (4)"

[5] siehe: " Hanfindustrie weltweit auf Expansionskurs (5)"


(1) http://

(2) http://userpage.fu-berlin.de/~roehrigw/diplomarbeiten/rost/ueaf.pdf

(3) http://www.regionales-wirtschaften.de/index.php?id=4,20,0,0,1,0

(4) http://www.umwelt.sachsen.de/de/wu/umwelt/lfug/lfug-internet/veroeffentlichungen/verzeichnis/umweltschutz/Nachwachsende_Rohstoffe.pdf

(5) http://www.oekonews.at/index.php?mdoc_id=1018342

Telepolis Artikel-URL: http://www.heise.de/tp/r4/artikel/24/24614/1.html

Report this post as:

Local News

Woolsey Fire: Worst News of 2018? J01 12:18AM

Oppose Environmentally-Harmful Development D10 4:03AM

Oppose Environmentally-Harmful Development D10 3:58AM

OUR HOUSE Grief Support Center Presents Night for Hope O30 5:38PM

Marshall Tuck’s racist dog whistle O27 5:01AM

Marshall Tuck’s ethnocentrism contradicts Californian values O27 4:32AM

Contra Costa-Hawkins O25 3:48AM

Debunking Some Anti-Prop 10 Propaganda O12 6:56AM

Why Should California Choose De Leon Over Feinstein? O10 9:55PM

Change Links September 2018 posted S02 10:22PM

More Scandals Rock Southern California Nuke Plant San Onofre A30 11:09PM

Site Outage Friday A30 3:49PM

Change Links August 2018 A14 1:56AM

Setback for Developer of SC Farm Land A12 11:09PM

More problems at Shutdown San Onofre Nuke J29 10:40PM

Change Links 2018 July posted J09 8:27PM

More Pix: "Families Belong Together," Pasadena J02 7:16PM

"Families Belong Together" March, Pasadena J02 7:08PM

Short Report on the Families Belong Together Protest in Los Angeles J30 11:26PM

Summer 2018 National Immigrant Solidarity Network News Alert! J11 6:58AM

More Local News...

Other/Breaking News


Judge Delays Ruling on Puerto Rico Debt Deal White House Opposes Island's Food Assistance J18 6:04PM



Paraphysique de proxémie guerrière J18 7:59AM


FARCELONA 8.17.2017 J17 3:23PM



PR Debt Cancel, Judge Reviews Cofina Debt J16 9:04PM

Réseautage, fragmentation du capital J16 4:20PM

Paraphysique de manipulation mentale et sociale J15 9:51AM

The Global Justice Project and Human Survival: We're Badly Off Track J15 5:08AM

The Global Justice Project and Human Survival: We're Badly Off Track J15 5:08AM

The Global Justice Project and Human Survival: We're Badly Off Track J15 5:08AM

Markets as a Fetish, Globalization, and Dissent Management J14 1:03PM

State Debts - The Primal German Fear J13 5:09PM

Sans liberté, sans égalité, sans fraternité J13 8:09AM

From Progressive Neoliberalism to Trump - and Beyond J12 9:22PM

Copper Cures Cancer J11 1:42PM

Steven Taylor, Investor who Evicts J11 9:24AM

Du sectarisme, des sectes, des clans J11 8:10AM

“Animaniacs in Concert!” Starring Voice Legend Rob Paulsen J10 6:34PM

Patrick Kilpatrick discusses and signs Dying for Living J09 11:51PM

SexActs vs Sexuality USA 2018 Invitations to Power Marriages without Affection J09 8:36PM

Changer de mentalité, changer de société J09 9:17AM

Teacher Strike? Time for Labor Studies J09 6:26AM

December 2018 Honduras Coup Update J08 10:12PM

More Breaking News...
© 2000-2018 Los Angeles Independent Media Center. Unless otherwise stated by the author, all content is free for non-commercial reuse, reprint, and rebroadcast, on the net and elsewhere. Opinions are those of the contributors and are not necessarily endorsed by the Los Angeles Independent Media Center. Running sf-active v0.9.4 Disclaimer | Privacy