- js reader version
- view hidden posts
- tags and related articles
by Wolfgang Belitz
Friday, Sep. 15, 2006 at 2:32 AM
The social contract of modern times based on lifelong full-employment in paid work is broken.. We produce with Bill Gates and dis-tribute with Bismarck..After 200 years, we need a new social contract, a new reconciliation of work and income.
FUTURE PROSPECTS FOR THE YOUNG GENERATION
By Wolfgang Belitz
[This article is translated from the German on the World Wide Web, http://www.amos-blaetter.de/w-belitz/wb_Jugend-Zukunft.html. Wolfgang Belitz is a social pastor in the Evangelical church in Westphalia.]
1. Gloomy Future Prospects for Young Persons
Paid work disappears slowly but surely in modern highly developed technical industrial society. In the time period from 1966 to 1996, the total volume of paid work decreased 20% while the gross domestic product doubled from 1.3 trillion to 2.6 trillion German marks (DM).
Full employment, as we know it, is not possible again. On account of technological possibilities for increased productivity of industrial and service production, all attempts to reach higher employment through higher growth failed in the medium- and long-term. The orthodox equation has never functioned correctly and has now lost all persuasiveness. Lower costs = higher profits = more investments = more growth = more jobs. This formula can only be helpful when the implied productivity expectations are specified. Otherwise “jobless growth,” growth without jobs-growth, can never be excluded.
Unemployment grows along with the helplessness of political and economic elites. Still the ruling claim of neoorthodox economic liberals dominates. Deregulation occurs on all fronts of the world of work. Normal working conditions erode. Varied employment relations in all shades spread toward a McJob society. Today 40% of the gainful working population are already either entirely without work or in job relations different from normal working conditions.
The rich become more and richer. That is intentional so investments flow and the poor and unemployed find work (cf. John Kenneth Galbraith’s formula: the horses must be fed so the sparrows survive). Nevertheless unemployment and poverty increase. The poor become more and poorer. To stabilize conditions, a ruthless solution is now slowly enforced. Soon social benefits will only be given when people work. Formulated critically, work will be enjoined for those who have no work or work in low-price “forced labor” beyond the constitutional right to work. The society of the future is the feudal “maid- and errand-boy” society of the past. The recent report to the Club of Rome “Work in the Future” includes the demand: Everybody between 18 and 65 who has no work and no income must do forced labor 20 hours a week and receive the state subsistence level of 800 DM. No future perspective is offered for youths without work and income.
2. “Entrepreneurial” Future Prospects for Young Persons
According to the vision of the Commission for Future Questions of Bavaria and Saxony (1997), our society should move from the “employee-centered industrial society” to the “entrepreneurial knowledge society.” Employees are no longer perfect imitators of pre-given blueprints but become entrepreneurs of their labor power as “specialized generalists” through their personal responsibility and creativity.
Since the future need of the economy is only partly known, the key qualification of key qualifications is knowledge and renewal of knowledge. To fulfill the new education mandate facilitating the “entrepreneurial knowledge society,” a “creative destruction of schools and education systems is necessary. These schools and systems must be re-conceptualized as “public interest enterprises” in which general- and personal education are important alongside the key qualification of key qualifications: personal dispositions, social competence and strengthening the work virtues, efficiency, patience, concentration ability, reliability and accuracy, in short, a renewal of the protestant work ethos for mastering life in the next millennium.
In this view, a dramatically intensifying social inequality among people is legitimated as a natural consequence of competition on the market since every individual bears his or her entrepreneurial risk alone. This new conception of society is probably not compatible with the constitution but the constitution is not the present-day reality.
3. Social Justice as a Future Perspective for Young Persons
Modern highly developed industrial societies face the necessity of radical social adjustment-reforms. The ruling elites are refusing with all means the necessity of a foundational reform. The social contract of modern times based on lifelong full-employment in paid work (at least of all men) is broken. The most modern industrial societies produce more and more material wealth with less and less paid work and threaten to fall in the “Paradise paradox.” We have the work saving production methods of the 21st century. We produce with Bill Gates and distribute with Bismarck. We have a hundred-year distribution deficit. Whoever applies modern forms of production must develop modern forms of distribution. Distribution means a more just distribution of social wealth, not a distribution of shortage.
After 200 years, we need a new social contract making possible a new reconciliation of work and life for men and women adapted to the way of life of nature. We know four forms of work: paid work – house/family work – personal work – citizen work. We know three kinds of income: gainful income – transfer income – capital income. We know two genders: women and men. We know ONE world. A new social contract means a new orientation and mixture of work and income for men and women in ONE world. The best that our society can do for youth is the development of a new social contract that admits full employment for all men and women is not possible and need not be possible.
We need a fundamental reform of the distribution system of work and income, an expanded definition of work and exodus from the idea that factories and offices becoming empty can make possible a broad lasting income security – on the basis of paid work. Our society is miles away from understanding what kind of reforms must now be introduced to pass on a “social technical progress” in the sense of a “Second Modern.” Being young could be a delight today. That it has become a burden is the failure of the elites. We on earth have nothing more to offer than freedom and justice. Freedom and justice need not be undermined or abandoned in the chaos of a “post-modern.” They must be preserved, renewed and gained by struggle under the conditions of a “Second Modern.”
Report this post as:
GUIDE TO REBEL CITY LOS ANGELES AVAILABLE
lausd whistle blower
Help KCET and UCLA identify 60s-70s Chicano images
UCLA Luskin: Casting Youth Justice in a Different Light
Change Links April 2018
Nuclear Shutdown News March 2018
Join The Protest Rally in Glendale on April 10, 2018!
Join The Protest Rally in Glendale on April 10, 2018!
Spring 2018 National Immigrant Solidarity Network News Alert!
Anti-Eviction Mapping Project Shows Shocking Eviction Trends in L.A.
Steve Mnuchin video at UCLA released
Actress and Philanthropist Tanna Frederick Hosts Project Save Our Surf Beach Clean Ups
After Being Told He's 'Full of Sh*t' at School Event, Mnuchin Demands UCLA Suppress Video
Resolution of the Rent Strike in Boyle Heights
What Big Brother Knows About You and What You Can Do About It
Step Up As LAPD Chief Charlie Beck Steps Down
Our House Grief Support Center Hosts 9th Annual Run For Hope, April 29
Don’t let this LA County Probation Department overhaul proposal sit on the shelf
Echo Park Residents Sue LA Over Controversial Development
Former Signal Hill police officer pleads guilty in road-rage incident in Irvine
Calif. Police Accused of 'Collusion' With Neo-Nazis After Release of Court Documents
Center for the Study of Political Graphics exhibit on Police Abuse posters
City Agrees to Settle Lawsuit Claiming Pasadena Police Officer Had His Sister Falsely Arre
Professor's Study Highlights Health Risks of Urban Oil Drilling
Claims paid involving Pasadena Police Department 2014 to present
Pasadenans - get your license plate reader records from police
LA Times Homicide Report
More Local News...
Biodiversité ou la nature privatisée
The Market is a Universal Totalitarian Religion
Book Available about Hispanics and US Civil War by National Park Service
The Shortwave Report 04/20/18 Listen Globally!
The Republican 'Prolife' Party Is the Party of War, Execution, and Bear Cub Murder
Paraphysique de la dictature étatique
Book Review: "The New Bonapartists"
The West Must Take the First Steps to Russia
Théorie générale de la révolution ou hommage à feu Mikhaïl Bakounine
The Shortwave Report 04/13/18 Listen Globally!
“Lost in a Dream” Singing Competition Winner to Be Chosen on April 15 for ,000 Prize!
The World Dependent on Central Banks
Ohio Governor Race: Dennis Kucinich & Richard Cordray Run Against Mike DeWine
March 2018 Honduras Coup Again Update
Apologie du zadisme insurrectionnel
ICE contract with license plate reader company
Black Portraiture(S) IV: The Color of Silence...Cuba No...Cambridge Yes
Prohibiting Micro-Second Betting on the Exchanges
Prosecutors treat Muslims harsher than non-Muslims for the same crimes
Amy Goodman interview on cell phone safety
Mesa, Arizona police officer kills unarmed white man
Israeli leaders should be prosecuted for war crimes
Paraphysique de l'autorité
Two Podcasts on fbi corruption
Fbi assassins assault & try to kill DAVID ATKINS
EPA Head Scott Pruitt: Of Cages And Sirens
More Breaking News...