imc indymedia

Los Angeles Indymedia : Activist News

white themeblack themered themetheme help
About Us Contact Us Subscribe Calendar Publish RSS
Features
latest news
best of news
syndication
commentary


KILLRADIO

VozMob

CopWatch LA

ABCF LA

A-Infos Radio

Indymedia On Air

Dope-X-Resistance-LA List

LAAMN List





IMC Network: www.indymedia.org africa: ambazonia canarias estrecho / madiaq kenya nigeria south africa canada: hamilton london, ontario maritimes montreal ontario ottawa quebec thunder bay vancouver victoria windsor winnipeg east asia: burma jakarta japan korea manila qc europe: abruzzo alacant andorra antwerpen armenia athens austria barcelona belarus belgium belgrade bristol brussels bulgaria calabria croatia cyprus emilia-romagna estrecho / madiaq euskal herria galiza germany grenoble hungary ireland istanbul italy la plana liege liguria lille linksunten lombardia london madrid malta marseille nantes napoli netherlands nice northern england norway oost-vlaanderen paris/Île-de-france patras piemonte poland portugal roma romania russia saint-petersburg scotland sverige switzerland thessaloniki torun toscana toulouse ukraine united kingdom valencia latin america: argentina bolivia chiapas chile chile sur cmi brasil colombia ecuador mexico peru puerto rico qollasuyu rosario santiago tijuana uruguay valparaiso venezuela venezuela oceania: adelaide aotearoa brisbane burma darwin jakarta manila melbourne perth qc sydney south asia: india mumbai united states: arizona arkansas asheville atlanta austin baltimore big muddy binghamton boston buffalo charlottesville chicago cleveland colorado columbus dc hawaii houston hudson mohawk kansas city la madison maine miami michigan milwaukee minneapolis/st. paul new hampshire new jersey new mexico new orleans north carolina north texas nyc oklahoma philadelphia pittsburgh portland richmond rochester rogue valley saint louis san diego san francisco san francisco bay area santa barbara santa cruz, ca sarasota seattle tampa bay tennessee urbana-champaign vermont western mass worcester west asia: armenia beirut israel palestine process: fbi/legal updates mailing lists process & imc docs tech volunteer projects: print radio satellite tv video regions: oceania united states topics: biotech
printable version - js reader version - email this article - view hidden posts - tags and related articles

Rainwater Harvesting: Brad Lancaster shares DIY water wisdom

by Jennifer Murphy Sunday, Jun. 11, 2006 at 5:14 PM
truffula_tuft@hotmail.com

Brad Lancaster, a permaculture designer and educator based in Tucson AZ, toured California in April with his new, self-published book Rainwater Harvesting for Drylands. I was able to see his presentation at Eco Village on April 26th, hosted by the Los Angeles Permaculture Guild.

Rainwater Harvesting...
la_river.jpg, image/jpeg, 480x320

Tucson has many similarities to Los Angeles in its landscape and history of water management. Brad opened the slideshow with a picture from 1900 of the meandering Santa Cruz River flowing through Tucson. It was lined with Cottonwood trees and lush riparian shrubs and looked like photos of the Los Angeles River a hundred years ago. The Santa Cruz flowed year-round at that time, and the water table was only 20’ below the surface.

Fast forward 100 years and we see another slide of the same landscape. The river has been straightened and channelized, meaning it was turned into a concrete canal. Over 25% of the city’s surface area is now paved. The river is dry for much of the year and the water table has sunk to 300 feet below the surface - 15 times lower than it had been!

Tucson and many communities throughout the southwest are now consuming what is called “fossil water”, the deep groundwater that has remained in aquifers for thousands of years until now. Extraction of fossil water is sometimes referred to as mining because it is a non-renewable resource.

The dramatic changes in Tucson’s water resources were caused by over-consumption, combined with loss of rainwater recharge. The amount of rainfall had not changed over this period, but the ability of the earth to soak it up had been dramatically limited.

A meandering river takes a long time to get from point A to point B. As it flows, it soaks into the marshy banks, feeding the trees and plants and recharging the underground aquifers. A channelized river moves fast and does not soak in. All the Cottonwood trees and most of the shrubs from the previous slide were gone because they needed that slow moving water. Buildings and pavement also limit how much water can soak in.

As the water table sinks, it picks up salts from the soil and the water quality diminishes. During heavy rains more contaminants pollute the river. The water, having nowhere else to go, sweeps through the city streets, carrying oil, trash and toxic residues with it. Strangely, rainwater in this desert town is now considered a problem rather than a solution.

Tucson gets an annual rainfall of 12 inches (Los Angeles gets 15). If you divide the surface area by the population, and then again by 365 days, you get 235 gallons per person per day. That’s a lot of fresh, free water. The average person’s use is 165 gallons a day. So in theory, what falls on the city could provide for it’s all water needs. You wouldn’t want to use all the rainwater this way, but it proves a point. With conservation measures and wise management, dry lands like Tucson could develop water self-sufficiency. But instead they import most of what they use (as we do) from the Colorado River, the most endangered river in America, at a cost of $80 million annually.

One third of that 165 gallon average daily use goes on landscapes. In LA it’s closer to one half. This is crazy. We bring in water from 700 miles away, pay to process it to a high level of purity and then take half of it and pour it on our lawns. We dump a bunch more down our toilets.

Brad has a simple formula to change these bad habits. We need to make rainwater the primary irrigator for landscapes, with grey water (recycled from washing machines and sinks) being the secondary provider. Municipal water should only be used for drinking and washing. His book outlines exactly how to do this.

Brad spent time in Africa studying water management. He told some great stories about a man called the Water Farmer. Inspired by the Garden of Eden and educated by long and thoughtful observation, Mr. Phiri Maseko and his family turned a wasteland into an oasis, in the driest region of Zimbabwe. They did this by teaching themselves how to harvest the rain.

Brad explained the eight basic principles of water harvesting using Mr. Phiri’s story:

1) Long and thoughtful observation.

Notice what is working and what isn’t. Mr. Phiri saw that the valleys of his land were grassy and the rolling hilltops were bare and eroded. He paid attention to what kinds of plants grew where.

2) Start at the top and move down.

The largest and least expensive water storage tank is the soil. Earthworks are tools for holding onto water and recharging the water table. Mr. Phiri built rock walls to catch brush and soil runoff in the heavy summer rains. This created mulch sponges which held onto the water much longer than bare hillsides.

3) Start with small and simple strategies and have fun

Don’t give in to the “my cistern is bigger than your cistern” style of water management, at least not until you’ve thoroughly explored this list. Planting a tree is a simple and powerful step.

4) Slow, spread and sink the rainwater (infiltration).

American gardeners have an illogical habit of raising up plants on mounds and paving the low spots in our yards. Maybe we’re trying to make them look bigger (we are so impatient). The mounds then shed the rainwater and the plants struggle or dry up. The rainwater spills into the streets and down the storm drains. We can keep the water on the land longer by planting in the soil basins and raising the pathways instead. Planting perennials rather than annuals in the basins also helps, because they have stronger root systems. Mr. Phiri created swales and banks to slow down the water at every opportunity. He dug a huge basin at the foot of the hill to collect the water, allowing it the time needed to sink in.

5) Always have an overflow

Brad said that 90% of the rain in Southern California can be easily managed, so only 10% of it needs to go into the storm drains. But we do need the storm drains for those hundred year floods.

6) Maximize living and organic material

As Mr. Phiri told Brad, plant water not just plants. Mulches and green cover keep the soil cool and slow evaporation. The roots hold onto moisture. Lay it on thick!

An example of a water wise landscape design that Brad helped create in Tucson, is Milagro Cohousing. They integrated rainwater cachement (10 times as much as a typical city system) and 100% wastewater recycling (wetlands, underground irrigation system, native and edible plants). Construction costs were partially offset by not having to install sewage pumps.

7) Maximize and enhance the function of all strategies, stack functions.

For example - consider the placement of plants and earthworks as they relate to heat and sun angles. A deciduous fruit tree on the Westside of a building would be a good bet, providing shade and fruit in the summer, sun access in the winter.

8) Long and thoughtful observation, again.

Create a feedback loop. Ask what worked and what didn’t. Build on the successes.

With that, Brad wrapped up his presentation to rousing applause. He sold a lot of his new books to the crowd, as well as some of Art Ludwig’s grey water books (see resources). Rainwater Harvesting for Drylands is volume 1 of a trilogy that will help readers reduce the cost of living, teach self-reliance and cooperation, and create “living air conditioners of vegetation growing beauty, food, and wildlife habitat”. It is full of stories of people who are successfully welcoming rainwater into their landscapes and invites us to do the same.

Resources:

www.harvestingrainwater.com/ Brad Lancaster’s website, you can order his book here
www.harvesth2o.com/ online rainwater harvesting community
www.oasisdesign.net/ Art Ludwig’s site about grey water
www.permacultureactivist.net/ information on permaculture design, edible landscaping, bioregionalism, cooperative action, aquaculture, natural building, earthworks, renewable energy…
http://lapcguild.tribe.net/ and www.arashi.com/mailman/listinfo.cgi/lapg Los Angeles Permaculture Guild

Image from http://you-are-here.com
Los Angeles River at Griffith Park, winter 2003
Report this post as:
Share on: Twitter, Facebook, Google+

add your comments


LATEST COMMENTS ABOUT THIS ARTICLE
Listed below are the 10 latest comments of 3 posted about this article.
These comments are anonymously submitted by the website visitors.
TITLE AUTHOR DATE
Harvesting Rainwater Ecological Sanity Tuesday, Sep. 11, 2007 at 10:43 AM
Another picture... Ecological Sanity Friday, Sep. 14, 2007 at 7:26 PM

Local News

Violence Against Poor In Venice A29 12:59PM

California Safe Schools Honors 11 Year Old Daniel Randall A25 2:25PM

NPR's Marketplace: The Voice of Loanshark Capitalism A19 4:08PM

Assemblywoman Melissa Melendez, Pandering to the Corporate Whores of the Storage Industry A09 5:03PM

Lartiste Maestro iTunes télécharger de la musique gratuit et Légalement 2016 A08 3:20PM

Spring 2016 National Immigrant Solidarity Network Monthly News Alert! A05 2:14PM

KPFK and Pacifica, more doings, reposted here A04 4:18PM

Liberated Political Prisoner Sekou Odinga Speaks Out M11 9:39AM

Solidarity With Anaheim M08 10:16AM

Tribune Company Stock Bought By LAPD Union To Silence Criticism Of Police M02 8:01AM

KPFK as Pacifica may be in legal jeopardy, again... M01 2:43PM

Anaheim Anti-KKK Fund Drive F29 5:04PM

March For Bernie 2, Pasadena and Los Angeles F28 8:16PM

Innovative Approach To Fighting The Droughts F16 11:56AM

International Day of Solidarity with Leonard Peltier F12 5:51PM

January 2016 Honduras Coup update F12 4:42PM

THE WHITE CITIZEN'S COUNCIL ... AKA KPFK AND FOLKS ON THE WESTSIDE J27 11:16PM

Hundreds March Long Beach to Compton to Protest Los Angeles Sheriff Murder of Noel Aguilar J27 11:14PM

Bernie Sanders at The 2016 Rose Bowl Parade J27 4:25PM

Bernie Sanders at The 2016 Rose Bowl Parade. J27 3:54PM

Vigil for O'Day, Helen, Barry, and Carol-Ann Short, killed by racist terrorists in Fontana J25 8:55PM

More Local News...

Other/Breaking News

Philippines: Duterte tells CHR, women's groups: Go to hell! A30 8:40PM

Losing the drug war ... idiots A30 1:04PM

Deux mille trente, 2030 A29 6:02AM

A police state USA, unfettered by moral / legal constraints A28 8:26PM

The Shortwave Report 04/29/16 Listen Globally! A28 5:40PM

Iowa Republican Senator Grassley And Methods Of Chicken Murder In the US A28 6:35AM

From the Constitutional State to the Security State A28 4:40AM

La CNT et les anarchistes A27 10:48PM

Examples of fbi/police/DA/AG subversion of laws A27 2:14PM

No To Ohio Senator Portman Who Wants Hunting In National Park A27 10:50AM

A Tribute To The Imprisoned A27 5:00AM

Video: Founding Fathers, Hip Hop, 1 hr 25 min A26 2:33PM

Hillary's Guns, Hillary's Consequences A26 1:34PM

Kuwaiti Business man causht in al qaeda plot A26 12:00PM

Community organizing A26 8:02AM

Clinton Delegate Slates Infiltrate Sanders California Campaign A25 11:41PM

Planned Crises or Alan Greenspan's "Tsunami" A25 4:53AM

fbi DEW ATTACKS, ETC A24 10:34AM

Brutality as a permanent character trait A23 11:53AM

Husam El-Coolaq. : proof not all harvard students are smart A22 10:16AM

Torturers are often all around us A22 7:30AM

Paraphysique de connexionnisme A21 10:30PM

The Shortwave Report 04/22/16 Listen Globally! A21 4:57PM

Dirty fbi, cops, DA, AUSA,Judges, etc A21 4:55PM

Argentina Returns to Bond Market after Debt Settlement A21 8:40AM

Fbi as constrictor A20 1:35PM

We Can Phase Out Fossil Fuels Within a Decade, Study Says A20 10:28AM

"Fast Foof Women" 28 minute documentary in Color by appalshop film and video East kentucky A20 9:21AM

More Breaking News...
© 2000-2003 Los Angeles Independent Media Center. Unless otherwise stated by the author, all content is free for non-commercial reuse, reprint, and rebroadcast, on the net and elsewhere. Opinions are those of the contributors and are not necessarily endorsed by the Los Angeles Independent Media Center. Running sf-active v0.9.4 Disclaimer | Privacy