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Venezuelan Revolution must advance towards socialism in order to defeat reaction

by In Defence of Marxism Friday, Feb. 27, 2004 at 8:32 AM


Corriente Marxista Revolucionaria- and In Defence of Marxism- Faced with increasing US imperialist intervention and the threat of a new counter-revolutionary offensive:
The Venezuelan Revolution must advance towards socialism in order to defeat reaction.
In the last few days the campaign of provocations and pressure on the part of US imperialism against the revolutionary process in Venezuela has intensified. Leading US administration spokespersons have made statements, putting pressure on the National Electoral Council (NEC) to rule in favour of the opposition in their effort to call a presidential recall referendum. The Venezuelan government has denounced publicly this growing foreign intervention. Evidence has also been uncovered that the opposition organisation which coordinated the collection of the signatures, SUMATE, has received funding from the US National Endowment for Democracy, together with a whole host of other opposition organisations (details can be found on the website )
The reactionaries clearly will not recognise an NEC ruling against the validity of the signatures they allegedly collected. There have been widespread allegations of fraudulent manoeuvres during the collection of the signatures by the opposition, including thousands of collection sheets where all the signatures had been written in the same handwriting.
We denounce this campaign as a new attempt to overthrow the Chavez government and put an end to the revolutionary process that has opened in Venezuela.
Imperialism and the local ruling elite cannot tolerate the situation as it stands any longer. They cannot tolerate a government that increases investment in health and education, refuses to privatise publicly-owned companies and utilities, opposes the Free Trade of the Americas Agreement, reasserts the nationalised character of the oil industry, etc. Above all they cannot tolerate the process of mass organisation and politicisation that has taken place in the country. On two occasions the revolutionary movement of the Venezuelan masses has defeated the plans of imperialism and the local oligarchy, when they organised their coup in April 11, 2002 and during the oil sabotage and bosses' lock out of December 2002-January 2003.
But the danger of a reactionary coup has not completely disappeared. The local oligarchy and imperialism will try again and again to put an end to the revolutionary process. Even though their forces are now weaker, more divided and demoralised, there is no room for complacency.
The only way for to safeguard the revolutionary process is to strengthen it and to move forward. Those who organised the coup and the oil sabotage are still free or in exile. They must be brought to justice. But the justice system is still firmly in the hands of reaction. This was clearly shown when the Supreme Court of Justice ruled that there had been no coup in April 2002 but just a "power vacuum". The old reactionary justice system must be disbanded and the principle of the popular election of the judges must be established as the only guarantee of a fair justice system that defends the masses and not the rich.
The Venezuelan oligarchy and multinational companies still have a firm grip over the mass media, private industry and the banking system. They use their ownership of these key levers in society in order to sabotage the will of the majority and plot another reactionary coup. They must be nationalised and put under the democratic control of the workers and the people. These resources must be used to satisfy the needs of the majority as a part of a democratic plan of the economy.
Though the oil sabotage was defeated through the direct action of the oil workers who took control (together with the local communities and the national guard) of the oil industry, the same bureaucratic structures are still largely in place in the state-owned oil company, PDVSA. This must be put under democratic workers' control and management as the only way to prevent the emergence of a new bureaucracy running the industry in their own interests.
Though many reactionary army officers left the Army when they declared themselves to be in rebellion, many are still active within the army, and the traditional bourgeois structure of the Army remains largely intact. The only guarantee that the army will not be used against the people is through the setting up of committees of soldiers and revolutionary officers and for these to be linked to the revolutionary organisations of the workers and the people that already exist outside the army.
The Ministries and the state apparatus in general are full of reactionaries who constantly sabotage the revolutionary process. These capitalist institutions must be done away with and replaced by the popular election of all public officials with the right of recall, and for those to be on a wage not higher than that of a skilled worker.
The revolutionary movement of the workers and the people has shown again and again its willingness to fight reaction. But revolutionary organisations are still small, divided and dispersed. They need to be united on the basis of revolutionary assemblies and revolutionary defence committees in all working class neighbourhoods, factories, schools, and villages, where all revolutionary political tendencies are free to put forward their views and these are democratically discussed. These committees need to be linked up at local, state and national level on the basis of democratically elected representatives with the right of recall. Only through democratic debate can the revolutionary movement achieve the necessary unity.
These measures, if implemented, would amount to the beginning of a movement towards socialism. This is really the only way in which the future of the revolutionary process can be assured. Some will say that implementing these measures would be a provocation for US imperialism and would lead to military intervention. But in fact US imperialism and the local oligarchy do not need any further "provocation", they have already been plotting and intervening against the revolutionary process from the very beginning. The only way to prevent or defeat an imperialist intervention would be to make an appeal to the workers and peasants in the rest of Latin America and to the US workers themselves to follow the same road as the Venezuelan people and take the future into their own hands. A socialist revolution in Venezuela with a clear internationalist appeal would prove to be a powerful pole of attraction for the masses of workers and peasants throughout the continent that have already started to move in countries like Argentina, Ecuador, Bolivia, the Dominican Republic, etc. Spreading the revolution would be the only way to safeguard it.
No to US intervention in Venezuela!
Defend the Venezuelan revolution!
Forward to Socialism!
In Defence of Marxism editorial board
El Militante, Argentina
Der Funke, Austria
Vonk, Belgium
Socialist Appeal, Britain
L'Humanite, Canada
Socialistiki Ekfrasi, Cyprus
Socialistik Standpunkt, Denmark
La Riposte, France
Der Funke, Germany
Socialistiki Ekfrasi, Greece
In Defence of Marxism Circle, Israel/Palestine
Periodico Obrero Militante, Mexico
Falce Martello, Italy
Workers Alternative, Nigeria
Jeddo Judh (The Struggle), Pakistan
Fuerza de Izquierda Socialista, Peru
Socjalizm, Poland
Rabochaya Demokratia, Russia
Naprej!, Slovenia
El Militante, Spain
Socialisten, Sweden
Workers International League, United States of America
Revolutionary Marxist Current (El Topo Obrero - El Militante), Venezuela
Pobunjeni Um, Yugoslavia
See also:
Venezuelan opposition steps up campaign against Chavez government By Jorge Martín and Camilo López (February 19, 2004).
Venezuela - Unification of the revolutionary currents El Topo Obrero and El Militante (January 6, 2004)
Mass mobilisation - the only way to defeat the counterrevolution: Counterrevolutionary offensive in Venezuela By Miguel Campos (November 15, 2003)  
Faced with the threat of a coup: mobilisation of the people to defend and deepen the revolution! (November 18, 2003)
"Workers' control is the only way forward" Interview with Hermann Albrecht of the Bolivarian University Front in Caracas (August 2003)
The Venezuelan people responds - Here is your referendum! By Hermann Albrecht (August 2003)  
Venezuela: the revolution faced with economic sabotage By Miguel Campos  (June 28, 2003).
A year after the coup - The red tide floods Bolivar Avenue once again By Jorge Martín. (April 21, 2003).
The defeat of the bosses lock out and the sabotage of the oil industry deepens the revolutionary process.
 By Jorge Martín. (February 26, 2003)  
Opposition "strike" or bosses lock out?- An eyewitness account by Jorge Martín (January, 2003)
Venezuela between revolution and counterrevolution By Alan Woods (December 10, 2002)
[Back to In Defence of Marxism] [Back to Venezuela]

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