We had a server outage, and we're rebuilding the site. Most of the site features won't work. Thank you for your patience.
imc indymedia

Los Angeles Indymedia : Activist News

white themeblack themered themetheme help
About Us Contact Us Calendar Publish RSS
Features
latest news
best of news
syndication
commentary


KILLRADIO

VozMob

ABCF LA

A-Infos Radio

Indymedia On Air

Dope-X-Resistance-LA List

LAAMN List




IMC Network:

Original Cities

www.indymedia.org africa: ambazonia canarias estrecho / madiaq kenya nigeria south africa canada: hamilton london, ontario maritimes montreal ontario ottawa quebec thunder bay vancouver victoria windsor winnipeg east asia: burma jakarta japan korea manila qc europe: abruzzo alacant andorra antwerpen armenia athens austria barcelona belarus belgium belgrade bristol brussels bulgaria calabria croatia cyprus emilia-romagna estrecho / madiaq euskal herria galiza germany grenoble hungary ireland istanbul italy la plana liege liguria lille linksunten lombardia london madrid malta marseille nantes napoli netherlands nice northern england norway oost-vlaanderen paris/Île-de-france patras piemonte poland portugal roma romania russia saint-petersburg scotland sverige switzerland thessaloniki torun toscana toulouse ukraine united kingdom valencia latin america: argentina bolivia chiapas chile chile sur cmi brasil colombia ecuador mexico peru puerto rico qollasuyu rosario santiago tijuana uruguay valparaiso venezuela venezuela oceania: adelaide aotearoa brisbane burma darwin jakarta manila melbourne perth qc sydney south asia: india mumbai united states: arizona arkansas asheville atlanta austin baltimore big muddy binghamton boston buffalo charlottesville chicago cleveland colorado columbus dc hawaii houston hudson mohawk kansas city la madison maine miami michigan milwaukee minneapolis/st. paul new hampshire new jersey new mexico new orleans north carolina north texas nyc oklahoma philadelphia pittsburgh portland richmond rochester rogue valley saint louis san diego san francisco san francisco bay area santa barbara santa cruz, ca sarasota seattle tampa bay tennessee urbana-champaign vermont western mass worcester west asia: armenia beirut israel palestine process: fbi/legal updates mailing lists process & imc docs tech volunteer projects: print radio satellite tv video regions: oceania united states topics: biotech

Surviving Cities

www.indymedia.org africa: canada: quebec east asia: japan europe: athens barcelona belgium bristol brussels cyprus germany grenoble ireland istanbul lille linksunten nantes netherlands norway portugal united kingdom latin america: argentina cmi brasil rosario oceania: aotearoa united states: austin big muddy binghamton boston chicago columbus la michigan nyc portland rochester saint louis san diego san francisco bay area santa cruz, ca tennessee urbana-champaign worcester west asia: palestine process: fbi/legal updates process & imc docs projects: radio satellite tv
printable version - js reader version - view hidden posts - tags and related articles

The Birth Of The 'Final Solution'

by George Ayoub Friday, Nov. 14, 2003 at 2:15 PM
ayoub@theindependent.com

In the dark hours between Nov. 9 and 10, 1938, hordes of Nazis, party regulars, supporters and sympathizers went on a rampage in Germany and Austria. They attacked Jews in their homes, at work, at synagogues and simply out in public.

The Birth Of The 'Final Solution'
George Ayoub, Grand Island Independent, November 13, 2003

Among the horrors experienced by those Americans we honored on Veterans Day was the evil they found at places with names like Buchenwald, Mauthausen and Dachau.

Nazi concentration camps of World War II -- where monsters used extermination and starvation in their incessant and efficient preoccupation with killing Jews -- revealed inhumanity at its most hideous and grotesque. The Holocaust took 6 million lives.

Sixty-five years ago last Monday, on their march to the Holocaust, the Nazis gave definitive form to their wont to drive all Jews out of Germany. It became known as Kristallnacht or "The Night of Broken Glass," what some believe was the beginning of the Holocaust.

In the dark hours between Nov. 9 and 10, 1938, hordes of Nazis, party regulars, supporters and sympathizers went on a rampage in Germany and Austria. They attacked Jews in their homes, at work, at synagogues and simply out in public.

By dawn nearly 100 Jews were dead, 7,500 Jewish businesses were destroyed, hundreds of synagogues were burned, 30,000 Jews were arrested and sent, in a chilling prelude to the Holocaust, to concentration camps.

All this came about while police and firefighters watched.

So much glass was broken that Germany could not replace all the window panes, waiting instead for up to six months for glass from Belgium.

Kristallnacht was not a spontaneous uprising, but rather an opportunity. Throughout the 1930s, Adolf Hitler created a number of laws curtailing Jewish rights and Jewish businesses. He was particularly angry that Germans would rather do business at Jewish-owned shops because they had better prices and quality.

Late in the decade Hitler had become more aggressive. On Oct. 27, 1938, 25 days before Kristallnacht, he ordered 18,000 Polish Jews, including the parents of 17-year old Herschel Grynszpan, back to Poland. They were refused entry and were forced to try to survive in hovels along the border.

Grynszpan was studying in Paris when he heard his family had been deported and they were camped in the wilderness. Distraught, he went to the German embassy and shot and killed an official whom he believed was the German ambassador. Ironically, the dead man turned out to be Ernst Vom Rath, a minor government secretary with little regard for the Nazis.

Nevertheless, Joseph Goebbels, the Nazi propaganda chief, saw his opening. He convinced Hitler to fuel "retribution" riots through political orchestration. He delivered Hitler's order with these directions: "Such demonstrations are not to be prepared or organized by the party, but so far as they originate spontaneously, they are not to be discouraged either."

The resulting Kristallnacht not only destroyed Jewish businesses, but depleted consumer goods that German citizens needed. In typical Nazi fashion, the government blamed the Jews for the uprising, fining them 1 billion marks for the assassination and a terribly prophetic 6 million marks for the broken glass.

The world condemned Kristallnacht. President Roosevelt said he could "scarcely believe that such things could occur in a twentieth century civilization." The U.S. ambassador was recalled from Germany.

Still, only a few countries -- excluding the U.S. -- changed immigration policies to allow more Jews to escape the inevitable maelstrom of the Holocaust.

Two days after Kristallnacht, official Nazi policy became one that would "eliminate the Jew from the economic life of Germany." Seven years later, American, British and Soviet soldiers would see the grim extrapolation of that policy at work -- Hitler's "Final Solution" -- in places called Auschwitz, Lodz and Bergen-Belson.

At the Holocaust Learning Center's Web site are the words of veteran Dr. Harold Herbst, part of General George S. Patton's Third Army, which liberated Buchenwald in April 1945.

"I heard a voice and I turned around and I saw a living skeleton ... talking to me, and he said, 'Thank God the Americans have come.' And that was a funny feeling. Did you ever talk to a skeleton that talked back? And that's what ... I was doing. And later on I saw mounds of these living ... I mean, these skeletons that the Germans left behind them."

Many believe the first step toward the horrors Herbst saw was Kristallnacht.

George Ayoub is senior correspondent for the Grand Island (Neb.) Independent
Report this post as:
Share on: Twitter, Facebook, Google+

add your comments


LATEST COMMENTS ABOUT THIS ARTICLE
Listed below are the 10 latest comments of 1 posted about this article.
These comments are anonymously submitted by the website visitors.
TITLE AUTHOR DATE
hold up.. nobody Wednesday, Nov. 19, 2003 at 4:38 PM

Local News

Woolsey Fire: Worst News of 2018? J01 12:18AM

Oppose Environmentally-Harmful Development D10 4:03AM

Oppose Environmentally-Harmful Development D10 3:58AM

OUR HOUSE Grief Support Center Presents Night for Hope O30 5:38PM

Marshall Tuck’s racist dog whistle O27 5:01AM

Marshall Tuck’s ethnocentrism contradicts Californian values O27 4:32AM

Contra Costa-Hawkins O25 3:48AM

Debunking Some Anti-Prop 10 Propaganda O12 6:56AM

Why Should California Choose De Leon Over Feinstein? O10 9:55PM

Change Links September 2018 posted S02 10:22PM

More Scandals Rock Southern California Nuke Plant San Onofre A30 11:09PM

Site Outage Friday A30 3:49PM

Change Links August 2018 A14 1:56AM

Setback for Developer of SC Farm Land A12 11:09PM

More problems at Shutdown San Onofre Nuke J29 10:40PM

Change Links 2018 July posted J09 8:27PM

More Pix: "Families Belong Together," Pasadena J02 7:16PM

"Families Belong Together" March, Pasadena J02 7:08PM

Short Report on the Families Belong Together Protest in Los Angeles J30 11:26PM

More Local News...

Other/Breaking News

Actor Patrick Kilpatrick Discusses and Signs his New Book Dying for Living J23 10:57PM

“Animaniacs in Concert!” Starring Voice Legend Rob Paulsen Heads to the Lincoln Center J23 8:45PM

WILLIE BROWN, YOU TALK TOO MUCH J23 7:00PM

FUZZY MATH J23 4:36PM

MR PUSH, WHERE IS YOUR WIFE? J23 4:32PM

Paraphysique du burnout post-démocratique J23 9:06AM

911 : establishment terror J22 11:18PM

Actor Patrick Kilpatrick Discusses and Signs his New Book Dying for Living J22 10:42PM

The Attack of Corporations and the Rich on the Rest of Society J22 2:36PM

bataclown J22 12:32PM

bataclone J21 8:08PM

VAN ATTACK HOAX J21 7:35PM

Mobile Royale Hack Online Generator - Get Unlimited Crystals J21 3:03PM

Unification, séparation et fragmentation J21 2:48PM

Testing Upload J21 7:10AM

FARCELONA.2 J20 7:18PM

FAKE NEWS POR SOROS J20 6:11PM

Chemtrails and Prince J20 2:43PM

Wages For Housework J20 2:41PM

Tutelle comportementaliste J20 9:18AM

A Mistake: Jesse Jackson-Toyota deal-in Lexington -Ky is .8 billion over 10 years 2018 J20 1:17AM

If Trump Declares a AantionalEmergency, He'll Be Breaking the Law J20 12:47AM

Jesse Jackson's Sneak Attck on Toyota Lexington Ky and it's workers 2018 J19 9:12PM

Video: Chris Herdges in Eugene, 1 hr 24 min J19 5:37PM

FAKE NEWS J19 2:31PM

MACROTHSCHILD.2 J19 11:03AM

Judge Delays Ruling on Puerto Rico Debt Deal White House Opposes Island's Food Assistance J18 6:04PM

BATACLOWNS J18 9:28AM

More Breaking News...
© 2000-2018 Los Angeles Independent Media Center. Unless otherwise stated by the author, all content is free for non-commercial reuse, reprint, and rebroadcast, on the net and elsewhere. Opinions are those of the contributors and are not necessarily endorsed by the Los Angeles Independent Media Center. Running sf-active v0.9.4 Disclaimer | Privacy