imc indymedia

Los Angeles Indymedia : Activist News

white themeblack themered themetheme help
About Us Contact Us Calendar Publish RSS
Features
latest news
best of news
syndication
commentary


KILLRADIO

VozMob

ABCF LA

A-Infos Radio

Indymedia On Air

Dope-X-Resistance-LA List

LAAMN List




IMC Network:

Original Cities

www.indymedia.org africa: ambazonia canarias estrecho / madiaq kenya nigeria south africa canada: hamilton london, ontario maritimes montreal ontario ottawa quebec thunder bay vancouver victoria windsor winnipeg east asia: burma jakarta japan korea manila qc europe: abruzzo alacant andorra antwerpen armenia athens austria barcelona belarus belgium belgrade bristol brussels bulgaria calabria croatia cyprus emilia-romagna estrecho / madiaq euskal herria galiza germany grenoble hungary ireland istanbul italy la plana liege liguria lille linksunten lombardia london madrid malta marseille nantes napoli netherlands nice northern england norway oost-vlaanderen paris/Île-de-france patras piemonte poland portugal roma romania russia saint-petersburg scotland sverige switzerland thessaloniki torun toscana toulouse ukraine united kingdom valencia latin america: argentina bolivia chiapas chile chile sur cmi brasil colombia ecuador mexico peru puerto rico qollasuyu rosario santiago tijuana uruguay valparaiso venezuela venezuela oceania: adelaide aotearoa brisbane burma darwin jakarta manila melbourne perth qc sydney south asia: india mumbai united states: arizona arkansas asheville atlanta austin baltimore big muddy binghamton boston buffalo charlottesville chicago cleveland colorado columbus dc hawaii houston hudson mohawk kansas city la madison maine miami michigan milwaukee minneapolis/st. paul new hampshire new jersey new mexico new orleans north carolina north texas nyc oklahoma philadelphia pittsburgh portland richmond rochester rogue valley saint louis san diego san francisco san francisco bay area santa barbara santa cruz, ca sarasota seattle tampa bay tennessee urbana-champaign vermont western mass worcester west asia: armenia beirut israel palestine process: fbi/legal updates mailing lists process & imc docs tech volunteer projects: print radio satellite tv video regions: oceania united states topics: biotech

Surviving Cities

www.indymedia.org africa: canada: quebec east asia: japan europe: athens barcelona belgium bristol brussels cyprus germany grenoble ireland istanbul lille linksunten nantes netherlands norway portugal united kingdom latin america: argentina cmi brasil rosario oceania: aotearoa united states: austin big muddy binghamton boston chicago columbus la michigan nyc portland rochester saint louis san diego san francisco bay area santa cruz, ca tennessee urbana-champaign worcester west asia: palestine process: fbi/legal updates process & imc docs projects: radio satellite tv
printable version - js reader version - view hidden posts - tags and related articles

Peru: An Upsurge of Strikes and Barricades

by rosa Wednesday, Jun. 11, 2003 at 10:27 PM

All through May the people of Peru built a powerful wave of struggle--isolating the corrupt government and shaking the rotten system that holds them in misery. Peru's President Toledo responded with bloody repression--imposing a fascistic "state of emergency" and unleashing his soldiers to kill people in the streets. As we go to press, this powerful upsurge is still shaking the country. The following report is based on mainstream press accounts.

Peru: An Upsurge of Strikes and Barricades

Revolutionary Worker #1203, June 15, 2003, posted at http://rwor.org

All through May the people of Peru built a powerful wave of struggle--isolating the corrupt government and shaking the rotten system that holds them in misery.

Peru's President Toledo responded with bloody repression--imposing a fascistic "state of emergency" and unleashing his soldiers to kill people in the streets.

As we go to press, this powerful upsurge is still shaking the country.

The following report is based on mainstream press accounts.

Opening the Floodgates

This intense round of class struggle started on May 12, when Peru's 300,000 teachers launched a furious nationwide strike against their outrageous conditions. Teachers in Peru only make 5 a month--and can barely live.

The government offered them an insulting raise--saying it could not afford any more. Education Minister Gerardo Ayzanoa said, "We can't turn Peru into a more risky country" for foreign investors by offering teachers more money.

So after marching and negotiating, the teachers shut down 52,000 schools.

Their bold action immediately won broad support. Day after day, many different sections of the people found ways to join the struggle. Hundreds of organizations of students and parents rallied to support the teachers. Other sections of the population went out on strike too and raised their own demands against the government.

In late May, many thousands of farmers and peasants started building barricades on the highways throughout Peru--including the roads leading into the major cities--and cut off food supplies to the capital, Lima.

Literally millions of people were involved in the anti-government resistance.

Fed Up!

The reasons for this explosion are very clear.

The people of Peru live in a bitter and enforced poverty. The government lies to them, while it energetically helps international capital rob the country and the population.

The government of President Alejandro Toledo came to power two years ago--promising to end the brutality and corruption of the previous Fujimori government. Toledo said his policies would produce a million new jobs a year and a rising living standard for the people.

But what the people have gotten is "Fujimorism without Fujimori"--especially in Toledo's pro-imperialist economic policies. Toledo has pressed ahead with the sale of the country's wealth to corporations (called "privatization"). Peru's farmers, for example, are now threatened with the privatization of the country's irrigation system--which would place them even more directly at the mercy of private profit.

Meanwhile "free trade" imports are lowering crop prices and bankrupting many farm families.

Toledo, who was a U.S.-trained advisor to the World Bank, demonstrates complete loyalty to international capitalism and eager obedience to the cruel demands of the International Monetary Fund (IMF). Whenever the people demand wages to feed themselves, they are told Peru's money must go to pay off foreign loans.

The international capitalist press calls Peru a "success story"--while the people live with a growing fury over their intense poverty and the raw deceit of electoral promises.

Over half the people live on less than a week. Homelessness, joblessness, and real hunger are common.

These strikes over wages also represent a revolt against the dictates of the IMF. One leader of the teachers said the current set-up "favors payments on the foreign debt and transnational corporations while the rest of the population lives in poverty."

Martial Law and the Bullets of Soldiers

In the last week of May, police tried to clear barricades from the main highway in the central Andes and were driven off by thousands of stone-throwing farmers.

At the same time, thousands of doctors and nurses walked out from hospitals and clinics, joining the strike wave. Students shut down the colleges, and even court workers struck.

President Toledo responded by ordering the army to move against the people.

On May 27, Toledo announced a state of emergency to "restore order." He declared all strikes illegal and ordered everyone back to work.

Toledo said the army and police had full authority to use force. Civil liberties were suspended. The police were given the power to arrest leaders of the movement and enter their homes without warrants. People were forbidden to travel within the country, and all demonstrations were banned.

The notoriously brutal army was given power to enforce this "state of emergency" in 12 of Peru's 24 departments. Lima, the capital, was patrolled by soldiers and armored cars in a heavy-handed fascist clampdown.

Voices from Peru's ruling class expressed approval--like Peruvian capitalist Samuel Gleiser who said, "It's the best showing by Toledo so far. He took the bull by the horns." And some forces within the broad mass movement urged the people to obey and return to work.

The day after Toledo's announcement, convoys of soldiers moved to clear the peasant barricades from the highways in over 60 places--especially on the coastal Pan-American Highway. The confrontations were intense.

Riot police attacked court workers in Lima. Over 20 people were injured as hospital workers and farmers fought troops in Barranca.

Hundreds of people were arrested across Peru.

That same day, in the mountain province of Puno, soldiers opened fire directly into thousands of protesting students from the National Highlands University--killing at least one student, 22-year-old Eddy Quilca Cruz. Some reports said that more died after dozens of people were taken to hospitals with gunshot wounds. Many had been shot in the back.

Defense Minister Loret de Mola defended the shootings in a "closed door" session of Peru's legislature. His "secret" speech made headlines because he reportedly announced that supporters of the Communist Party of Peru (PCP) were "a strong component, a strong influence" within the resistance movement.

The PCP (which the media calls "the Shining Path") has been waging a revolutionary people's war in Peru--to defeat Peru's army, overthrow the old rotten state, and liberate the people from semi-feudal conditions and foreign imperialist domination. This heroic people's war has continued in the face of serious setbacks a decade ago, when Chairman Gonzalo and other key leaders were captured by government forces.

The Confrontation

Despite the naked threat of military terror and the voices urging retreat, the struggle continued across Peru.

A day of mourning was declared for the murdered student. Thousands bravely marched in Puno to denounce the state of emergency. And it was clear that the political crisis was raging on.

A day of illegal mass marches was called for June 3 to support the strike demands and denounce the fascist "state of emergency."

Suddenly there was talk from Peru's ruling class of compromise--of "reshuffling" the cabinet, "finding" money to pay the teachers, and lifting the state of emergency--even talk of replacing Toledo to stabilize the country. But even the former U.S. ambassador to Peru, Dennis Jett, had to note that such measures might not calm the storm: "The idea that changing the Cabinet somehow makes a difference is sort of like the proverbial rearranging the deck chairs on the Titanic.''

On June 3, hundreds of thousands marched across Peru, including a powerful march of tens of thousands through downtown Lima. Teachers, students, farmers, and workers from many sectors of the economy openly defied the state of emergency. In some cities marchers were attacked by police. In Arequipa, Peru's second largest city, workers launched a general strike.

Meanwhile, the government had a plan to end the mass movement: they brought in Roman Catholic Bishop Luis Bambaren as a "mediator" and offered to raise the teachers' pay.

As we go to press, it is not yet clear whether the teachers' union will accept that agreement, or if such a settlement would end the wave of mass struggle.

In any case, the intense experiences of the last weeks have made several things quite clear:

From every corner of society, people have denounced the harsh domination of Peru by international capital, the slavishness of Peru's government, the empty talk of "reforms," and the brutality of the state.

Clearly the problems of the people go very deep. The liberation of the people requires a profound change in society--ending the domination of imperialism over Peru, and the domination of exploiting classes over the working people. The solution the people need is much more than wage increases.

Meanwhile, through all this, the Peruvian state has shown once again that its power rests on its brutal army and their guns. Despite all the chatter about "reform" and the merry-go-round of political faces, the misery of the people is enforced by bullets and bloodshed. And the end to that misery will require the defeat of that army and the state it serves.

And, above all, this powerful upsurge of Peru's people has revealed again their profound discontent--and their tremendous potential for revolutionary struggle and sacrifice.


http://www.rwor.org/s/peru_e.htm - Information on Peru

http://rwor.org - Revolutionary Worker Online

http://rwor.org/resistance -RW resource page on resisting the juggernaut of war and repression

http://2changetheworld.info - Discuss revolutionary strategy and the RCP's Draft Programme

 


Report this post as:

Local News

Change Links September 2018 posted S02 10:22PM

More Scandals Rock Southern California Nuke Plant San Onofre A30 11:09PM

Site Outage Friday A30 3:49PM

Change Links August 2018 A14 1:56AM

Setback for Developer of SC Farm Land A12 11:09PM

More problems at Shutdown San Onofre Nuke J29 10:40PM

Change Links 2018 July posted J09 8:27PM

More Pix: "Families Belong Together," Pasadena J02 7:16PM

"Families Belong Together" March, Pasadena J02 7:08PM

Short Report on the Families Belong Together Protest in Los Angeles J30 11:26PM

Summer 2018 National Immigrant Solidarity Network News Alert! J11 6:58AM

Watch the Debate: Excluded Candidates for Governor of California M31 5:20AM

Change Links June 2018 posted M28 7:41AM

The Montrose Peace Vigil at 12 Years M22 8:01PM

Unity Archive Project M21 9:42AM

Dianne Feinstein's Promotion of War, Secret Animal Abuse, Military Profiteering, Censorshi M17 10:22PM

CA Senate Bill 1303 would require an independent coroner rather than being part of police M10 9:08PM

Three years after OC snitch scandal, no charges filed against sheriffs deputies M10 8:57PM

California police agencies violate Brown Act (open meetings) M02 8:31PM

Insane Company Wants To Send Nuke Plant Waste To New Mexico A29 11:47PM

Change Links May 2018 A27 8:40AM

Worker-Owned Car Wash on Vermont Closed A27 5:37AM

GUIDE TO REBEL CITY LOS ANGELES AVAILABLE A13 12:39AM

lausd whistle blower A11 6:58AM

Website Upgrade A10 10:02AM

Help KCET and UCLA identify 60s-70s Chicano images A04 8:02PM

UCLA Luskin: Casting Youth Justice in a Different Light A02 6:58PM

Change Links April 2018 A01 6:27PM

More Local News...

Other/Breaking News

Paraphysique de psychosomatique S22 6:58AM

Chuck Grassley: Women Abusing, Animal Murdering, Illegal War Supporting Criminal S22 2:58AM

Finance Capitalism and the Digital Economy S21 4:45PM

Muselières syndicales, muselières patronales S21 7:19AM

Jeff Bezos, Amazon, The Washington Post, Whole Foods, Etc S21 2:50AM

Why Choose Nut Milk Over Cows' Milk S21 1:01AM

Antrhopocène, le grand effondrement S19 9:53AM

Creative Destruction Hack Diamonds Windows/iOS/Android - Creative Destruction Generator S19 12:51AM

Abolir l'économie S18 11:18AM

The Dictatorship of Corporations S17 5:26PM

18 Lethal Consequences Of Hunting S17 3:13PM

Paraphysique de l'outplacement déontologue S15 6:51AM

Creative Destruction Hack Mod Generator S15 3:49AM

Shopping du bashing S14 8:42AM

After Lehman Brothers, Experts Say Global Financial Crisis Can Happen Again S13 8:28PM

“Animaniacs in Concert!” Starring Voice Legend Rob Paulsen S12 9:30PM

Probabilités de fin d'humanité S12 6:49AM

Florida Area of Migrant Farmworkers Denied Right to Construct Health Clinic near NaplesCIW S11 2:57AM

Propagande de virus, virus de propagande S10 7:34AM

Steer clear of work morality! S09 12:10PM

Sweatshop Lodge Ceremony Continues in US Fed Prisons Led by Inmates S08 6:17PM

Paraphysique de l'origami S08 7:11AM

The Shortwave Report 09/07/18 Listen Globally! S06 11:23PM

August 2018 Honduras Coup update S06 12:28PM

Du réussissement putréfié S06 10:55AM

Brett Kavanaugh Filled The 5th Circuit With Execution Judges S06 6:14AM

Log S06 4:25AM

Augusta Georgia Woman Gets 5 Year Prison Sentence for Writing About Russians Crime Acts S05 8:29AM

More Breaking News...
© 2000-2018 Los Angeles Independent Media Center. Unless otherwise stated by the author, all content is free for non-commercial reuse, reprint, and rebroadcast, on the net and elsewhere. Opinions are those of the contributors and are not necessarily endorsed by the Los Angeles Independent Media Center. Running sf-active v0.9.4 Disclaimer | Privacy