imc indymedia

Los Angeles Indymedia : Activist News

white themeblack themered themetheme help
About Us Contact Us Calendar Publish RSS
Features
latest news
best of news
syndication
commentary


KILLRADIO

VozMob

ABCF LA

A-Infos Radio

Indymedia On Air

Dope-X-Resistance-LA List

LAAMN List




IMC Network:

Original Cities

www.indymedia.org africa: ambazonia canarias estrecho / madiaq kenya nigeria south africa canada: hamilton london, ontario maritimes montreal ontario ottawa quebec thunder bay vancouver victoria windsor winnipeg east asia: burma jakarta japan korea manila qc europe: abruzzo alacant andorra antwerpen armenia athens austria barcelona belarus belgium belgrade bristol brussels bulgaria calabria croatia cyprus emilia-romagna estrecho / madiaq euskal herria galiza germany grenoble hungary ireland istanbul italy la plana liege liguria lille linksunten lombardia london madrid malta marseille nantes napoli netherlands nice northern england norway oost-vlaanderen paris/Île-de-france patras piemonte poland portugal roma romania russia saint-petersburg scotland sverige switzerland thessaloniki torun toscana toulouse ukraine united kingdom valencia latin america: argentina bolivia chiapas chile chile sur cmi brasil colombia ecuador mexico peru puerto rico qollasuyu rosario santiago tijuana uruguay valparaiso venezuela venezuela oceania: adelaide aotearoa brisbane burma darwin jakarta manila melbourne perth qc sydney south asia: india mumbai united states: arizona arkansas asheville atlanta austin baltimore big muddy binghamton boston buffalo charlottesville chicago cleveland colorado columbus dc hawaii houston hudson mohawk kansas city la madison maine miami michigan milwaukee minneapolis/st. paul new hampshire new jersey new mexico new orleans north carolina north texas nyc oklahoma philadelphia pittsburgh portland richmond rochester rogue valley saint louis san diego san francisco san francisco bay area santa barbara santa cruz, ca sarasota seattle tampa bay tennessee urbana-champaign vermont western mass worcester west asia: armenia beirut israel palestine process: fbi/legal updates mailing lists process & imc docs tech volunteer projects: print radio satellite tv video regions: oceania united states topics: biotech

Surviving Cities

www.indymedia.org africa: canada: quebec east asia: japan europe: athens barcelona belgium bristol brussels cyprus germany grenoble ireland istanbul lille linksunten nantes netherlands norway portugal united kingdom latin america: argentina cmi brasil rosario oceania: aotearoa united states: austin big muddy binghamton boston chicago columbus la michigan nyc portland rochester saint louis san diego san francisco bay area santa cruz, ca tennessee urbana-champaign worcester west asia: palestine process: fbi/legal updates process & imc docs projects: radio satellite tv
printable version - js reader version - view hidden posts - tags and related articles

The Will to Paralysis: The Crisis of Shareholder Capitalism

by Rene Passet Thursday, Feb. 06, 2003 at 9:33 AM
mbatko@lycos.com mbatko@lycos.com

Scapegoats or black sheep are used to evade the crisis of the system. Considering matters more exactly would be very appropriate. Are manifestations of corruption and tax evasion normal side-effects of a system fixated on money?

The Will to Paralysis

The Crisis of Shareholder Capitalism

By Rene Passet

[In Munich, the Haffa brothers are on trial. A few years ago, the EM-TV founders were acclaimed as bright lights of the new economy. Today they are accused of accounting falsification and stock market fraud. Their careers symbolize the development of stock market-guided capitalism that has fallen into crisis. This crisis is trivialized by “analysts” who not long ago pushed up stock prices as the result of excesses and malformations. Interpretations that only emphasize human weaknesses and technical deficiencies are misleading. A system crisis is occurring. However the system is not at an end.]

[This article originally published in: Le Monde diplomatique, November 15, 2002 is translated from the German on the World Wide Web, http://www.taz.de/pt/2002/11/15.nf/mondeText.artikel,a0025.idx,5. Rene Passet is an emeritus professor at the University of Paris and ex-president of the advisory counsel of Attac.]

Everything actually began very well. We experienced the dawn of a new age at the beginning of the 80s. Ronald Reagan and Margaret Thatcher made their people accept the Ten Commandments of the “Washington Consensus” (1) and led them into the Promised Land. The prophets gloated. For the old Friedrich Hayek, the withdrawal of the state prevented the “way to serfdom” (2) once and for all. Free capital circulation joined with floating rates of exchange guaranteed economic stability, according to Milton Friedman. Francis Fukuyama imagined that the end of history has come. What followed was “the rule of economic calculus” and “the deregulated search for technical solutions”. (3) The age of blissfulness had begun.

A new vicious circle was set in motion. The private households invested in stocks whose stock market value was inflated just like the hope in the future of the new technologies. The released “wealth effect” should stimulate the purchasing power of private households boosting the economy so stock prices would rise again. Demand would also climb. For example, the stock market value of companies like Amazon or AOL surpassed old established corporations like Texaco or General Motors before these start-ups had made their first dollar in profits.

Sooner or later every bubble bursts. The first tear in the stock market structure appeared with the high tech stocks. The Nasdaq index dropped 62 percent between March 2000 and March 2001. Then the decline in prices also seized the traditional stocks. Within two years (March 2000 to March 2002), the SP 500 (Standard & Poors) of the top 500 US corporations in sales fell around 50 percent.

Nevertheless the real economy didn’t seem greatly impressed. Notwithstanding all stock market losses, consumer expenses and investment activity remained high. Right after the assassinations of September 11, the US economy was astonishingly reactive. To the general surprise, the gross domestic product rose around 1.4 percent in the last quarter of 2001. Unemployment fell from January 2002. Wages began to rise. The head of the US Federal Reserve Alan Greenspan still sounded optimistic on March 7, 2002, three months after the spectacular bankruptcy of the Energy corporation Enron: “The upswing has already begun.”

The economic data turned out less brilliant than originally announced. According to the information of the US Trade agency, the American gross domestic product rose only 0.3 percent in 2001, not 1.2 percent. There can be no talk of a revival for 2002. The shock wave spills over to other businesses, namely to the accounting firm Andersen working for Enron, the printer- and photocopier manufacturer Xerox, the Tyco group, the telecommunication giant WorldCom and the leading investment bank Meryl Lynch. Dirty practices like balance falsification, secret agreements, insane mergers and enormous manager salaries occurred. Top managers sold their stock options on time (4) before the drop in prices devoured the company pensions of co-workers. These managers maintained dubious connections to the government that allowed its election campaign to be financed by firms like Enron.

All rules of transparency and etiquette that should guarantee the credibility of the financial markets were obviously annulled. When US president George W. Bush and his Vice-President Richard Cheney tried to calm the public, wicked tongues said that they only condemned today what they practiced yesterday with Harken Energy corporation and Halliburton. (5)

Trust was damaged. Federal Reserve head Greenspan made a declaration that marked a turning point: “Accounting fraud and tax evasion destroy capitalism and freedom of trade and in another sense the foundations of our society.” (6) In fact the Index of Consumer Confidence fell 9.2 percent up to July 2002. One acclaimed expert said of the stock markets: “It will take years until the confidence is restored.” (7)

The boom capsized. The crisis of the real economy seized the stock market. The destruction of many stock assets had repercussions on the real economy whose slack period depressed stock prices in a fatal cycle. Growth expectations are revised downwards in the US and Europe. Dismissals occur everywhere. Stock prices skid even deeper in the abyss after every little ridge of high pressure.

To reassure the public and themselves, the governing refer to tried and tested scapegoats that don’t put the system and its inner logic in question. Scapegoat 1:: interest rates. These are at such a low level in the US after eleven reductions that the Central Bank (the Fed) has no room to maneuver any more. In Europe, on the other hand, interests are too high since the European Central Bank stubbornly holds to inflation control and ignores growth.

Scapegoat 2: the misconduct of the head of the company. “If we remove the problem with the head of the business, the other problems disappear by themselves”, Greenspan declared. (8) US President Bush spoke of a new ethic “that can strengthen the trust of investors, make employees proud of their companies and restore the confidence of the American people.” (9) Only incorrigible skeptics criticize such noble intentions.

Scapegoat 3: certain functional disturbances in the system. The financial markets are not transparent enough. The Securities and Exchange Board depends on the economic activity that it should supervise. The accounting systems are too complicated. Mammoth accounting firms are too closely connected with their clients on account of other business contracts. The powers of stock market supervision are too circumscribed.

A black sheep is separated out here; a set-screw is adjusted. Considering matters more exactly7 would be very appropriate. For example, the development raises the question whether the manifestations of corruption and tax evasion hastily classified as functional disturbances are not rather normal side effects of a system fixated on money. What seduces a business to seek “external growth” through gigantic mergers (that often fail at the end) if not the greed for profit of financial institutions and their goal of a 15 percent return on capital? Balances are falsified since refinancing businesses depends on their market value that assumes short-term profits. The great share of stock options in managers’ salaries may be the reason that so much leadership is weak and private assets are often improved through accounting fraud.

This development also shows the inner contradictions of the expansion itself that doubtlessly rests on the considerable lead of the United States in “immaterial technologies”. However the insane increased value of IT-technology stocks results in the first place from the exaggerated liberalization that puts no fetters on speculative capital movements. As long as the speculative bubble grows, businesses take credits to invest. When the bubble bursts at the end, only debts are left. These debts are everything but virtual.

It is not a good sign that businesses must buy up their own shares to support their prices. The private indebtedness that keeps consumption on a high level cannot be continued endlessly. If the indebtedness rate of private US households falls from 4 percent to 2.5 percent of annual income, the debt service in 2004 will devour 25 percent of available income. (10) In addition, there is the crisis of the US pension funds whose assets melt away owing to the stock market crisis.

The US can only increase its investments without restricting consumer expenditures on account of an annual foreign indebtedness of 0 billion. Thus the US attracts capital into the country impairing growth in other countries and also making the debtor country vulnerable.

The question may be raised whether shareholder capitalism – different than largely assumed – is appropriate to the practical necessities of technological change. Modern means of communication join the world into an interwoven super-organization marked by interdependence. The economy must take into account that the long-term problems of the biosphere (renewable resources, biodiversity, greenhouse effect among others) will be important in the future. Human values must be emphasized, not only the output of the production apparatus.

The system reacts to these challenges with a narrow-minded retreat to financial logic. For this logic, “long-term” means “in the next ten minutes” as a banker once remarked to James Tobin. (11) The economic apparatus focuses above all on the production of financial resources irrespective whether whole regions are devastated, whether the strain on the environment and nature increases and whether assets are destroyed and more and more people fall into distress.

In his successful book “The Shadows of Globalization” (12), Joseph E. Stiglitz shows how the International Monetary fund essentially creates the problems that it seeks to master by forcing a pure financial logic on the poorest countries and acting as an “arsonist fire brigade”. Wherever a crisis threatened and the real economy needed liquidity, the IMF prescribed restrictions plunging many people into misery while creditors were helped to their money. Every economic upswing needs base investments (for infrastructures, education, health care) that are only profitable in the long-term. However the IMF does not take this as seriously as the repayment of the debts that cannot be managed without budget surpluses. The necessary structural adjustment programs choke people whom they should presumably help. Argentina can tell you a thing or two about that.

This basic contradiction leads to the inability of the system in controlling the modern economy. While the great end is hardly announced in the present crisis, the crisis can hardly be regarded as a mere industrial accident. The attacks of September 11 intensify and illustrate the contradictions already at work within the system. The crisis is a crisis of the system.

Pleas, excuses and patch-up jobs cannot alter this crisis of the system. Still we don’t cherish any illusions. The main characteristic of capitalism consists in its ability to be renewed and revived through crises. The way out of “shareholder capitalism” will not fall from the sky. The way out assumes seizing control from the financial powers and changing the logic of the system.





Report this post as:

Local News

Change Links 2018 July posted J09 1:27PM

More Pix: "Families Belong Together," Pasadena J02 12:16PM

"Families Belong Together" March, Pasadena J02 12:08PM

Short Report on the Families Belong Together Protest in Los Angeles J30 4:26PM

Summer 2018 National Immigrant Solidarity Network News Alert! J10 11:58PM

Watch the Debate: Excluded Candidates for Governor of California M30 10:20PM

Change Links June 2018 posted M28 12:41AM

The Montrose Peace Vigil at 12 Years M22 1:01PM

Unity Archive Project M21 2:42AM

Dianne Feinstein's Promotion of War, Secret Animal Abuse, Military Profiteering, Censorshi M17 3:22PM

CA Senate Bill 1303 would require an independent coroner rather than being part of police M10 2:08PM

Three years after OC snitch scandal, no charges filed against sheriffs deputies M10 1:57PM

California police agencies violate Brown Act (open meetings) M02 1:31PM

Insane Company Wants To Send Nuke Plant Waste To New Mexico A29 4:47PM

Change Links May 2018 A27 1:40AM

Worker-Owned Car Wash on Vermont Closed A26 10:37PM

GUIDE TO REBEL CITY LOS ANGELES AVAILABLE A12 5:39PM

lausd whistle blower A10 11:58PM

Website Upgrade A10 3:02AM

Help KCET and UCLA identify 60s-70s Chicano images A04 1:02PM

UCLA Luskin: Casting Youth Justice in a Different Light A02 11:58AM

Change Links April 2018 A01 11:27AM

Nuclear Shutdown News March 2018 M31 6:57PM

Join The Protest Rally in Glendale on April 10, 2018! M29 7:00PM

Spring 2018 National Immigrant Solidarity Network News Alert! M19 2:02PM

Anti-Eviction Mapping Project Shows Shocking Eviction Trends in L.A. M16 5:40PM

Steve Mnuchin video at UCLA released M15 12:34AM

Actress and Philanthropist Tanna Frederick Hosts Project Save Our Surf Beach Clean Ups M06 12:10PM

More Local News...

Other/Breaking News

Un monde de pauvreté J22 12:54AM

14 Disturbing Facts About Scott Gottlieb, Trump's FDA Head J20 10:47PM

Behind the scenes at fbi National Academy J20 2:47PM

Treasury Takes Aim at Shell Companies J20 11:18AM

Paraphysique de l'intelligence J20 9:08AM

Oklahoma GOP Senator Jim Inhofe's Bloody Record J20 4:01AM

Globalization: hope on the horizon despite Fake Liberals. J20 3:41AM

Sorry President Trump,Ted Cruz Texas Judicial System,is Worse Than Many Shithole Countries J19 4:49PM

The Shortwave Report 07/20/18 Listen Globally! J19 4:33PM

The System Question as a Survival Question J18 8:54PM

Nation's Largest Voting Machine Co., ESS, Admits Lying Re Having Installed Remote Control J18 11:55AM

Du pain et des jeux J18 9:53AM

Paraphysique de martyrologie J17 8:00AM

Children Incorporated Earns 4-Star Rating on Charity Navigator J16 11:24AM

Democratic Socialists of America J14 4:57PM

Leonard Peltier Non Violent Native American Political Prisoner since 1970's J14 4:18PM

Paraphysique miscellanées de l'aggiornamento J14 12:54AM

FBI Investigated LA County Sheriff Baca,Why Not Hank Skinner's Persecution? J13 3:52PM

Updated Partial List Of Famous Vegetarians, Vegans, & Fruitarians J13 2:59PM

The Shortwave Report 07136/18 Listen Globally! J12 4:36PM

Social Policy as Social Infrastructure J12 3:38AM

Vol I: 84 Varieties Of GOP Election Fraud J12 1:50AM

Texas Can Call it An Execution,But It is A State Sponsored Murder of Hank Skinner.. J11 6:48PM

June 2018 Honduras coup update J11 3:35PM

Maria Estrada doubles down on racist support J11 1:40PM

New York Women in Film & Television Announces 2018 NYWIFT Ha Phuong Scholarship Recipients J11 10:14AM

Trapps de la domination, trapps de l'aliénation J11 1:31AM

Please Work For The Defeat Of Brett Kavanaugh And Why J09 8:54PM

More Breaking News...
© 2000-2018 Los Angeles Independent Media Center. Unless otherwise stated by the author, all content is free for non-commercial reuse, reprint, and rebroadcast, on the net and elsewhere. Opinions are those of the contributors and are not necessarily endorsed by the Los Angeles Independent Media Center. Running sf-active v0.9.4 Disclaimer | Privacy