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EPIC Alert 9.01

by Electronic Privacy Information Center (EPIC) Friday, Jan. 18, 2002 at 4:22 AM
info@epic.org

Volume 9.01 January 14, 2002 -------------------------------------------------------------- Published by the Electronic Privacy Information Center (EPIC) Washington, D.C


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    ==============================================================
    Volume 9.01                                   January 14, 2002
    --------------------------------------------------------------

                             Published by the
               Electronic Privacy Information Center (EPIC)
                             Washington, D.C.

              http://www.epic.org/alert/EPIC_Alert_9.01.html

=======================================================================
Table of Contents
=======================================================================

[1] State DMVs Developing National ID System
[2] EPIC Urges Qwest to Drop Marketing Plan
[3] Court Upholds FBI Use of Secret "Key Logger" Technology
[4] Companies Stop Privacy-Invasive Practices
[5] Student Privacy Protections Enacted
[6] Digital Rights Management Discussed at Future of Music Conference
[7] EPIC Bookstore - A National ID Card: A License to Live
[8] Upcoming Conferences and Events

=======================================================================
[1] State DMVs Developing National ID System
=======================================================================

A Task Force of the American Association of Motor Vehicle
Administrators (AAMVA) announced plans today to increase uniformity of
state driver's licenses and information sharing between states and law
enforcement agencies.  The AAMVA proposal combines several
initiatives, each with very different privacy implications, and asks
for 0 million in federal funding to determine what technology
should be used and to expand information sharing capacity.  Efforts to
enhance document security and prevent forgery, such as improved
holograms and printing techniques, are a positive application of
technology to the driver's license regime.  The AAMVA also advocates
stricter enforcement and tougher penalties for fraud and abuse of
driver's licenses occurring inside and outside of DMVs.

Standardization of driver's license security features and issuance
standards across the 50 states, as well as information sharing with
federal agencies and state law enforcement, would make the driver's
license a de facto national identity card.  The AAMVA has not
disclosed how the detailed personal information required to obtain a
license, including residency and immigration status and social
security information, will be collected, used and shared under the new
program.  The AAMVA has also proposed making the driver's license a
unique identifier.  While they have not yet determined what technology
will be implemented, they plan to use biometric or other identifiers
to positively ensure that license applicants are who they say they
are, and that no person holds more than one license.  This proposal
presents the most significant privacy and security risks, which are
detailed in EPIC's ID Card and Biometrics pages referenced below.

The possible creation of national identification cards through
driver's licenses deserves careful examination and open public
discussion.  EPIC is in the process of drafting a memo discussing the
risks and policy implications of national identification schemes, to
be prepared in time for the AAMVA's leadership summit, where the heads
of the state DMVs will discuss the task force's recommendations.

AAMVA's website (including an archived webcast of the January 14th
press conference):

     http://www.aamva.org/

EPIC's ID Card Page:

     http://www.epic.org/privacy/id_cards/

EPIC's Biometrics Page:

     http://www.epic.org/privacy/biometrics/

=======================================================================
[2] EPIC Urges Qwest to Drop Marketing Plan
=======================================================================

Last week, millions of Qwest customers across the country received
opt-out notices in their monthly billing statements.  The notices,
which were contained within a pamphlet that said "the following will
not affect your billing," provided that Qwest could use customer
calling data -- information such as services subscribed to and call
logs -- unless customers opted-out of this plan by calling a toll-free
number within 30 days.

Customers attempting to call the toll-free number to opt-out have
reported numerous difficulties, including long waits and disconnects.

The information that Qwest is planning on using is known as customer
proprietary network information, and is protected from use absent
"customer approval" by the 1996 Communications Act.  The FCC
promulgated a rule in 1998 that required telecommunication carriers to
obtain explicit customer approval (opt-in) before using such
information in any manner inconsistent with provision of services. The
FCC explicitly rejected an opt-out approach as insufficiently
protective of customer privacy.  However, in 1999 the US Court of
Appeals for the 10th Circuit ruled that the opt-in approach did not
pass First Amendment scrutiny because the decision to require "opt-in"
was not adequately considered or supported by existing facts.

In response to this 1999 court decision, the FCC in October 2001
issued a request for public comments, seeking advice on, among other
things, whether an opt-in approach inherently violates the First
Amendment.  EPIC and consumer groups filed comments and reply comments
urging the FCC to implement an opt-in approach.  Similar comments were
filed by 39 Attorneys General.

In a letter sent to Qwest President Afshin Mohebbi on January 7, EPIC
urged Qwest to suspend their marketing plan.

Although the initial comment period closed in November, the FCC has
announced -- in the wake of Qwest
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