fix articles 15779, northern alliance
It was the West that, immediately after the end of the East-West confrontation, once again made war a "normal means" of international politics. Russia is now following suit, more than twenty years behind.
The US Lost in Afghanistan. But US Imperialism Isn't Going Anywhere (tags)
With the “Vietnam syndrome” reloaded, there is a strong mistrust against large-scale foreign expeditions among the US public, including the US military.
Afghans Vote (tags)
Challenging Wrongful Convictions (tags)
Turkish - Israeli Relations (tags)
The Military as a Security Risk (tags)
You cannot have both democracy and concentration of wealth, Justice Brandeis warned. 20% of military spending is for defense; the rest is for empire. Endless war is not a future but the denial of a future. To Hitler, the soldier was the only model of courage.
Are the United States and NATO are losing the War in Afghanistan? (tags)
In this study I will examine whether NATO and the United States have failed in their War in Afghanistan against Islamic terrorism between 2001-09. To do this I will compare their objectives against measurements of effectiveness (MOE’s) as provided by both political and military sources as prescribed by the intervening forces.
Philippines: Marcos Jr suffers selective amnesia - Akbayan Party (tags)
Ferdinand "Bongbong" Marcos Jr must be suffering from selective amnesia. In a recent TV show, he staunchly defended his father against charges of gross human rights violations given the fact that his father was never indicted for human rights.
Fabricating Terrorism: Victims of UK Injustice (tags)
Britain and America partnered for injustice
Defeat U.S. War on Afghanistan and Iraq! (tags)
On December 1, President Barack Obama officially announced a massive escalation of the U.S. war on Afghanistan, tripling the number of American military personnel there since Obama took office. This move marks a decision by Washington to continue the colonial occupation of Afghanistan indefinitely, and with it the bloody slaughter of the Afghan people. Obama’s claim that he would “begin the transfer” of U.S. forces by mid-2011 was just sucker bait for gullible liberals. “Afghanistan Is Now Obama’s War,” proclaimed the media from New York to London to Mumbai. But Afghanistan has been the Democrats’ war since the moment it was launched, in September 2001, and together with the war on Iraq, it is a bipartisan imperialist war. No one in Washington thinks the Afghan puppet army will be able to handle the Taliban. The actual U.S. strategy is not to defeat the Taliban but to weaken it enough so that elements of the Islamists can be brought into a political deal. It is striking that in the United States, a majority of the population is turning against the war even though there hasn’t been a major national antiwar march in more than two years – ever since the start of the last presidential election campaign. At protests following Obama’s announcement of more troops to Afghanistan, organizers carefully avoided any signs mentioning the president by name. Our Internationalist contingent, in contrast, carried signs including, “Hey Obama, How Many Kids Did You Kill Today? Defeat Imperialist Slaughter in Afghanistan, Iraq.”
Dugard Rape-Kidnap Case Highlights Anti-Women Government (tags)
Article with comments questions possible CIA involvement in the Garrido-Dugard child kidnapping ring, and what people can do to prevent these acts from continuing..
Deconstructing the Anti-Iran Resolutions (tags)
A blockade IS an act of war under international law. Since both sides of the RepubliCrat Party are collaborating in this, it will take a lot more than marching in a circle with a sign in your hand to reclaim this country from them, and stop this disaster.
F. William Engdahl's "A Century of War" - Part II (tags)
Part II of this epic book.
Film Night at Flor y Canto: March 2003-September 2005 (Part 2 of 2) (tags)
To mark the five-year anniversary of the Eagle Rock Peace Vigil, here is a list of films shown at Flor y Canto over a two-and-a-half year period. These almost-weekly screenings were an outgrowth of the Eagle Rock Vigil. (Links to the rest of this list can be found below in "comments.")
Rumsfeld Helped Al Qaeda Establish a Stronghold in Northwestern Pakistan (tags)
"Why? Did the Bush administration need to "recruit detainees" among the civilian population and pass them off as "terrorists" with a view to bearing out its resolve and commitment to the "global war on terrorism" (GWOT). Did they need to boost up the numbers "to fill the gap" resulting from the several thousand Al Qaeda fighters, who had been secretly evacuated, on the orders of Donald Rumsfeld and flown to safety? In other words, are these detentions part of the Pentagon's propaganda campaign?"
Reviewing Michel Chossudovsky's America's War on Terrorism (tags)
Exposing the war on terrorism as a cruel hoax
Reviewing Michel Chossudovsky's America's War on Terrorism (tags)
Exposing the war on terrorism as a cruel hoax
Terrorism Defined (tags)
The real meaning of terrorism.
By their Commission and Omissions you will Know Them (tags)
We thank National Security correspondent to the Australian Broadcasting Commission (‘our’ ABC) Leigh Sales, for revealing her flagrant bias in relation to the David Hicks case. We were almost tempted to read her book, “Detainee 002 …”, until today’s extremely revealing report.
Petition to the Senate to Investigate Oddities Involving 9/11 Terrorist Attacks (tags)
Petition to the Senate to Investigate Oddities Involving 9/11 Terrorist Attacks
Demcrat Agenda Omissions (tags)
Democrats in Congress again betraying the public trust.
NOAM CHOMSKY AND GILBERT ACHCAR'S NEW BOOK - PERILOUS POWER (tags)
AN ACCOUNT OF THE BUSH ADMINISTRATION'S DISASTROUS POLICIES IN THE MIDDLE EAST
The Taliban Aren't Gone, Women Haven't Been Liberated: Afghanistan Reconsidered (tags)
The October 7 anniversary of the war on Afghanistan passed virtually unnoticed on U.S. soil. Mainstream news outlets spared the Bush administration the embarrassment of accounting for the subsequent fate of Afghanistan's 30 million people five years after the U.S. launched the first "regime change" in its never-ending war on terror.
AFGHANISTAN - THE OTHER LOST WAR (tags)
HOW THE US PLUNDERED AFGHANISTAN IN THE NAME OF LIBERATION
Musharraf says Pakistan faced U.S. 'onslaught' (tags)
Is'nt it amazing how the U.S. government can screw up the world?
U.S.-led coalition losing Afghanistan (tags)
Time to "cut and run" - Almost five years after a U.S.-led coalition attacked Afghanistan in response to the 9/11 attacks, experts warn that the country is slipping away.
Islamic Fascism Yhe New Hysteria (tags)
THE CHIEFTAINS of the never-ending "war on terror" are peddling a newly updated enemy: "Islamic fascism." When the rulers of the American political establishment start denouncing fascism, don't be deceived--they're out to promote an agenda of imperial conquest. No one who opposes U.S. wars and occupations should concede an inch to this lie.
News Junkie Scott's Blog (2/16/06) (tags)
US/Israel puppet government of Iraq declares "bird flu alert".
A Letter to America (tags)
A Letter to America America, your un-elected demon leader is using your name to attempt falsely imprisoning me here in Canada through the tyranny of his blatant fascistic “top secret” behavior.
Ending the Spiral of Violence (tags)
The US violates human rights in the name of human rights..The Occident conquered, colonized and carried out a never-seen genocide. .With the mechanism of globalized casino capitalism, we kill as many people every year as the victims of the whole WW2.
Christian theologian debunks 9-11 Commission report, is interviewed by LA Times (tags)
Distinguished theologian Dr. David Ray Griffin is shedding light on the truth (and the many non-truths) surrounding 9-11. His writings and speeches present evidence and insights that demand our attention, whatever our spiritual perspectives may be. And this weekend, the LA Times Magazine features an interview with Dr. Griffin.
New President of Iran 'is a terrorist' (tags)
And we all know what that means...
Report From Afghanistan by Sonali Kolhatkar, 5-27-05 (transcript) (tags)
". . . If the news media covers something [about Afghanistan], donations pour in. If they stop covering it, donations go down. . . . Our donations have plummeted. A lot of projects [are] closing down." -- Sonali Kolhatkar, co-director, Afghan Women's Mission
Killers without Borders (tags)
This probably disqualifies most of america, but this article is for smoeone with the intelligence to grasp its meaning...
STOP Bush’s drive to shred the Constitution (tags)
Blood Money: The Human-Capital Equation of the U.S. Occupation of Iraq (tags)
When a state is determined to pursue war, and all forms of indirect symbolic protest actions have failed to sway politicians to halt their imperialist aggression, the only remaining option is direct action by the working class. One option is a general strike by workers that can effect the production and transpiration of military capital, that is the materials essential for the war machine. The other is to deprive the military of the labor it needs to fight the war.
CIA spook caught in Afghanistan? (tags)
Afghan troops jave detained a man identified as Jonathan K. Idema -- the subject of a United States military press center warning. Two years ago, J. Keith Idema, an American civilian adviser to the Afghan United Front, was interviewed on CBS' "60 Minutes"
Chomsky Backpedals on "Silent Genocide" in Afghanistan (tags)
Activists Report on Afghanistan, Iraq (tags)
Global Exchange's Medea Benjamin questioned the ongoing war in Iraq, and KPFK's Sonali Kolhatkar spoke of the how commercial news media neglects to report on the suffering of the people of Afghanistan in a May 27th forum.
Critics of Cuban Justice Should Look at Their Own Treatment of Prisoners (tags)
The UN Human Rights Commission narrowly passed an anti-Cuba resolution last month. This essay looks at how two countries behind the resolution treat their own prisoners.
An anti-state communist perspective on the war (tags)
This is 2003 article about the Iraq War 2, just before it started. It's from Anarchy: a journal of desire armed. It's unusually prescient in its predictions of how the entire war will go. I post this because the journal has been criticized by some anarchistists as "primitivist", and Anarchism has been derided by the Left as everything from chaos to disruptive and unthinking. Liberals stereotype anarchists as young fashion victims, implying they are shallow. These are simplistic stereotypes at best, and fear mongering at the worst. Articles like this one below, I hope, give people pause to consider the relevance and usefulness of anti-state, anti-capitalist critique. Remember, this article was written before we invaded Iraq. So here goes. -- Just Another Anarchist
The imperial counter offensive: contradictions, challenges and opportunities. (tags)
A victory or prolonged war by the guerrillas in Colombia will provide breathing room for the rest of the left. Thus it is essential that maximum support and solidarity be extended to the Colombian struggle. Internationalism is not only the solidarity network against the new imperial military offensive, in general, but in support of the Colombian peasants and workers organized in their "Peoples Army."
On Tactics and Strategy: How Bush has Misunderstood Military Strategic Doctrine (tags)
You know you never defeated us on the battlefield, said the American colonel. The North Vietnamese colonel pondered this remark a moment. That may be so, he replied, but it is also irrelevant.
Dollars for Terror (tags)
Carol Brouillet, who prints the Deception Dollars, and reviews a book that shows (or at least contends) how Osama bin Laden is part of the CIA terror network.
The Invisible (Toll of the Terror War and it's Lies) (tags)
The problem goes beyond religion. A new xenophobia is abroad. In Connecticut, a resident told police that he had heard two "Arabs" talking about anthrax. Whereupon police officers arrested two Pakistani men suspected of having had the conversation at a gas station. They also hauled in an Indian businessman who was minding the station temporarily for his uncle, the owner. The man was held for 18 days and then released without charge or compensation.
The Cruise Missile Left: Helping the Establishment Attack the Peace Movement (tags)
Marc Cooper, Eric Alterman, Christopher Hitchens and Todd Gitlin, to name a few, paint the authentic Left with false assumptions, unsupported statements and incomplete reporting. Their progressive credentials are eagerly used by the Bush Admin to discredit the Peace Movement.
WAR & HUMAN RIGHTS TEACH-IN TOMORROW WED. APRIL 9 @ SADDLEBACK COLLEGE!! (tags)
RAWA & SONALI KOLHATKAR SPEAKING @ SADDLEBACK COLLEGE TOMORROW WED. APRIL 9 @ 12:00 PM (tags)
ANTI-WAR TEACH IN BY RAWA WED. APRIL 9 @ SADDLEBACK COLLEGE (tags)
Total war: resistance, humanitarian aid and the media (tags)
2003 is a year to live dangerously: of crimes against humanity and of heroic resistance; it is a time to reject the war and to extend our solidarity with the Iraqi people in this their moment of truth.
RAWA & SONALI KOLHATKAR TEACH-IN WED. APRIL 9 @ SADDLEBACK COLLEGE (tags)
RAWA SPEAKERS - TEACH IN @ SADDLEBACK COLLEGE WED. APRIL 9 (tags)
RAWA SPEAKER - WED. APRIL 9 @ SADDLEBACK COLLEGE IN OC! (tags)
RAWA SPEAKS OUT AGAINST WAR AND FOR HUMAN RIGHTS (tags)
SONALI KOLHATKAR & RAWA SPEAK OUT AGAINST THE WAR - TEACH-IN WED. APRIL 9!!! (tags)
(Move over 9-11 families) Meet the 'Fort Hood Families'! (tags)
A 'war blog' ... Make way '9-11 families' for the new rising stars, 'the Fort Hood Families'. As well as this new little propaganda toy of the extreme right wing, we are also being fed huge amounts of perjury and falsehoods during the war, just as we were in the lead up to the war, all intended to convince people that the war is something that its not. However the documents of the Extreme Right illustrate quite clearly that the war in Iraq should actually be renamed 'Operation Iraqi Oil'.
SONALI KOLHATKAR & RAWA SPEAKR TEACH IN ON WOMENS RIGHTS & THE WAR WED. APRIL 9 (tags)
SONALI KOLHATKAR & TAHMEENA FARYAL (RAWA) TEACH-IN @ SADDLEBACK COLLEGE WED. APRIL 9!! (tags)
SONALI KOLHATKAR & RAWA SPEAKER, TEACH-IN @ SADDLEBACK COLLEGE WED. APRIL 9 (tags)
One Rule for Them (tags)
Who does doublespeak and double standards better than the US?
RAWA & SONALI KOLHATKAR TEACH-IN WED. APRIL 9 @ SADDLEBACK COLLEGE (tags)
RAWA TEACH-IN W/ SONALI KOLHATKAR (tags)
RAWA TEACH-IN APRIL 9 (tags)
SONALI KOLHATKAR (KPFK) & TAHMENNA FARYAL (RAWA) TEACH-IN AGAINST WAR APRIL 9 (tags)
MONDAY OC ANTI-WAR PROTEST & UPCMOING TEACH-INS (tags)
UPCOMING ORANGE COUNTY ANTI-WAR EVENTS! (tags)
SONALI KOLHATKAR & TAHMEENA FARYAL (RAWA) SPEAKING WED. APRIL 9 @ SADDLEBACK COLLEGE (tags)
Liberated From Life (tags)
In early October, an Afghan woman, Nurgessa, roaming the deserted streets of Kandahar accompanied by her little boy said the following for the 'liberation' efforts of the United States of America: "Last night, while we were sleeping the Americans bombed our homes. When I woke up I saw Agha Gul [her husband] shattered into pieces and my other two sons had their heads blown away....
BUSH WILL SEND U.S. AND ALLIED SOLDIERS TO HELL IN COLOMBIA. DO YOU CARE? (tags)
Here in Colombia, the Green Berets are pursuing one of Bush's most important, and perilous, foreign policy initiatives. With all the talk about Iraq and North Korea, Washington has done its utmost best to keep Colombia quiet. Risks include losing North American lives in a conflict that does not have the same so-called ''popular support'' as the mystery hunt for al Qaeda and Osama bin Laden. Washington has a big stake in Colombia...
The Real but Unspoken Reasons for the Iraq War (tags)
Although completely suppressed in the U.S. media, the answer to the Iraq enigma is simple yet shocking. The upcoming war in Iraq is actually an OIL CURRENCY war. The Real Reason for this upcoming war is this administration’s goal of preventing further OPEC momentum towards the euro as an oil transaction currency standard. However, in order to pre-empt OPEC, they need to gain geo-strategic control of Iraq along with its 2nd largest proven oil reserves. (This is a long essay)
IMPORTANT NEWSFLASH FROM WHITEHOUSE (tags)
NEWSFLASH Mr. Bush's new criminal edict now states Americans can rise up for America to kill him as a terrorist and be thought Just and God Worthy. I Agree with bush finally.
Johnny is Mainstream! Johnny is Mainstream! Johnny is Mainstream! (tags)
..bush, the unelected American cop killer, has still to be questioned by american corporate dictates, why, General Ahmad, is not a wanted man by American Patriot flag waving standards being coporatized as not worthy thinking as.
Holy Jesus Man! Johnny Wizard is staying for snacks! Holy Jesus Man! (tags)
Holy Jesus Man! Have you heard the Revelations from India's government to the FBI now made public?, regarding the principle terrorist funder of Mohammad Atta being, the ISI's, General Ahmad? The bush administration's personal confidant, and top secret military strategist? See, it was Jim at MSNBC that informed US of bush's terrorist plan existing as once top secret presidential documents, and, that this same general, was also responsible for, according to several members of the Senate Intelligence Committee, ...
WAR CRIMES IN AFGHANISTAN COMING TO LIGHT (tags)
If you thought those recently released Pentagon photos of Taliban POWs bound and gagged by American military forces was bad, you ain't seen nothing yet. James Doran's documentary "Afghan Massacre" is now revealing more about what has really occured in Afghanistan under American rule.
the innocent in camp x-ray(Guantanamo bay) (tags)
a pakistani held by US in camp x-ray says he and many others are blameless
George Orwell Exposed Pacifists' Political Motives (tags)
An exposure of the timeless 'peace activist'.
Online Petition: US CITIZENS OPPOSE WAR ON IRAQ (tags)
US citizens oppose war on Iraq
Taliban Foreign Minister's Advance Warning of 9/11 Ignored, sez UK Independent (newspaper) (tags)
Weeks before the terrorist attacks on 11 September, the United States and the United Nations ignored warnings from a secret Taliban emissary that Osama bin Laden was planning a huge attack on American soil. ..The warnings were delivered by an aide of Wakil Ahmed Muttawakil, the Taliban Foreign Minister at the time, who was known to be deeply unhappy with the foreign militants in Afghanistan, including Arabs.
Daniel Pearl and The Paymaster of 9/11 (tags)
It was supposed to be the key chain of evidence linking the September 11 hijackers to Osama bin Laden - a wire transfer of $100,000 to lead hijacker Mohamed Atta. Yet less than five months later, the man initially fingered as the paymaster of 9/11 would be sitting in a Pakistani jail, accused of a wholly different crime - the murder of Daniel Pearl.
NOT WITH A BANG BUT A WHIMPER (tags)
Why there will be no invasion of Iraq...
Petition the senate to investigate 911 (tags)
There needs to be an investigation not just us government version of what really happened
Dec 10 Anti War Demo Reports (tags)
A summary of RAWA support demonstrations for peace.
"THE RELATIVITY OF LOUTISM" by jim hightower (tags)
his newest column
The Unwinnable War (tags)
Now with the near collapse of the immediate foe, the Taliban government, and the approach of winter, the window of opportunity is closing to get food to those facing starvation before they get snowed in. Yet America is determined to finish off the Taliban as first priority, while the Northern Alliance celebrates victory, executing prisoners and interfering with food shipments. As the old saying goes, with friends like these who needs enemies. Imagine the shock if America were to get smart, learning from some of its past mistakes, shaking up its foreign policy, and withdrawing obvious unwarranted affronts.
Rally for R.A.W.A.and Intl. Human Rights Day (tags)
December 10 is International Human Rights Day. In solidarity with the Revolutionary Association of the Women of Afghanistan, a rally against repression in both Afghanistan and the U.S. will be held at the Federal Building in downtown Los Angeles beginning at 4:00 P.M. until 6:00.
Report says US killed 67 Pak POWs in school bombing (tags)
With details of the shocking massacre of pro-Taliban prisoners of war in Mazar-i-Sharif still coming in, there are now unconfirmed reports that about 67 Pakistani Taliban captured in Kunduz were jailed in a school by Northern Alliance troops and then bombed to death by US warplanes.
The Shortwave Report 11/16/01 ¡LISTEN GLOBALLY! (tags)
A 30 minute review of news and opinions recorded from a shortwave radio. 2 files- broadcast quality 13.6MB/ quickdownload & streaming 3.4MB. Free to rebroadcast upon notification. Times and freqs for listening at home. China, Netherflands, Cuba, Germany
RAWA's Statement on the Northern Alliance's Entry into Kabul (tags)
RAWA acknowledges, in the below statement, that the retreat of the Taliban from Kabul is, indeed, a positive development. However, the Northern Alliance has a very bloody history of its own; and RAWA calls on the world community to assist the people of Afghanistan in their efforts to build a peaceful future where basic human rights become a cornerstone of Afghan society.
Tuesday, Nov 13 Afghanistan News Updates at PeaceNoWar.net (tags)
Tuesday, Nov 13 Headlines at PeaceNoWar.net www.PeaceNoWar.net
9 Children dead in latest U.S. bombing of Kabul (tags)
An Afghan man lifts the head of a child who along with 11 other civilians died during U.S. air raids in Kabul on October 28, 2001, witnesses said. A man and his seven children were killed when a bomb crashed through their home, according to the family's mother. (Sayed Salahuddin/Reuters)
U.S.WAR ALLY RETREATS AGAIN (tags)
A war can not be won by air strikes alone. So far the U.S.ground force ally, the Northern Alliance, has failed to do U.S.any good even with massive U.S.air support. Bush says it may take 2 years- some say NEVER!
U.S.WAS ALLY RETREATS AGAIN! (tags)
In any war a victory can't be won by air strikes alone. Ground action in Afghanistan, the U.S. admits, will be tuff at best.So far U.S.s ground ally, the Northern Allaince has failed in every effort so far even with massive U.S. air support. In three weeks the Muslim holiday and winter will become major hurdles. Bush says 2 years. Some say NEVER!
THE INDEPENDENT: UN Demands Pause in Bombing to Let Aid Reach Starving Afghans (tags)
Mary Robinson, the United Nations commissioner for human rights, called on Friday for a halt to Allied air strikes to allow aid to reach up to two million "desperate" civilians trapped in Afghanistan.
The UN calls Northern Alliance "main opium producer" (tags)
AFP, Oct.6, 2001 story featured at the RAWA site.
Six Questions About The War (tags)
Is there a link between U.S. involvement overseas and attacks on American targets? What is the Corporate Interest in the Middle East? What is the Corporate Interest in Central Asia? Will military action foil the “terrorist threat”? Is this a “war against terrorism”? Who are NATO’s allies the Northern Alliance?
Wartime Lies: A Consumer's Guide to the Bombing (tags)
Some tips on how to cut through the corporate media lies that proliferate during every war. Some examples of past obfuscations are offered. His last point is the most powerful.
U.S. Bombs Afghanistan (TEHRAN TIMES) (tags)
TEHRAN -- The United States on Sunday began its military operations against Afghanistan, bombing the major Afghan cities of Kabul, Kandahar and Jalalabad.
Afghan King Asks US to 'Spare Innocents' (tags)
Former King Mohammad Zaher Shah: "Although we recognise the United States' legitimate right to pursue and seek justice against those who perpetrated the criminal acts of September 11, our paramount objective is the safety, integrity and dignity of the Afghan nation and the Afghan territory… We urge the United States and its allies to respect the territorial integrity of Afghanistan and the safety and the life of our innocent people."
Taliban Propose[d] Osama Extradition to Pakistan (tags)
On the verge of US airstrikes, the Taliban made a gesture that the US & the world ignored: Afghanistan's ruling Taliban are proposing to turn over Osama Bin Laden to Pakistan for trial, but only on condition that Islamabad will not extradite the Arab dissident to any other country, a top Taliban official told Online on Saturday."The proposal aimed at avoiding large-scale devastation has been received by Pakistani officials and they are considering it before sending to the USA", the official said.
Taleban defector turns back on torture (tags)
A DEFECTOR from the Taleban’s secret police has described how he was commanded to “find new ways of torture so terrible that the screams will frighten crows from their nests and if the person survives he will never again have a night’s sleep”.
Osama bin Laden and Taliban Products of Cold War Battle Against Soviet Union (tags)
Between The Lines' Scott Harris spoke with Sonali Kolhatkar, vice president with the Afghan Women's Mission, who summarizes the history of U.S. relations with Islamic fundamentalist groups in Afghanistan, while expressing concern about the character of new U.S. allies there.
SANTA MONICA COLLEGE TEACH-IN EXPLORES ALTERNATIVES TO WAR (tags)
Marathon westside teach-in explores peaceful solutions to, and examines roots of, terrorism.
SALON: Our Scary New Best Friends (tags)
The Northern Alliance may be the enemy of our enemy -- the Taliban -- but it has its own grim history of violence and abuse of power.
BBC Analysis: Afghanistan's Northern Alliance (tags)
"The Afghan Northern Alliance is made up of an ethnically and religiously disparate group of rebel movements united only in their desire to topple the ruling Taleban." This brief overview highlights the 3 major factions, recent military setbacks, and renewed hopes that the Taleban will be toppled for them.
Intelligence Brief: Afghanistan's Northern Alliance (tags)
A concise summary of background information on the Northern Alliance. Identifies major factions and outside sources of support.