imc indymedia

Los Angeles Indymedia : Activist News

white themeblack themered themetheme help
About Us Contact Us Subscribe Calendar Publish RSS
Tell the NSA: StopWatching.US

Features
latest news
best of news
syndication
commentary


KILLRADIO

VozMob

CopWatch LA

ABCF LA

A-Infos Radio

Indymedia On Air

Dope-X-Resistance-LA List

LAAMN List





IMC Network: www.indymedia.org africa: ambazonia canarias estrecho / madiaq kenya nigeria south africa canada: hamilton london, ontario maritimes montreal ontario ottawa quebec thunder bay vancouver victoria windsor winnipeg east asia: burma jakarta japan korea manila qc europe: abruzzo alacant andorra antwerpen armenia athens austria barcelona belarus belgium belgrade bristol brussels bulgaria calabria croatia cyprus emilia-romagna estrecho / madiaq euskal herria galiza germany grenoble hungary ireland istanbul italy la plana liege liguria lille linksunten lombardia london madrid malta marseille nantes napoli netherlands nice northern england norway oost-vlaanderen paris/Île-de-france patras piemonte poland portugal roma romania russia saint-petersburg scotland sverige switzerland thessaloniki torun toscana toulouse ukraine united kingdom valencia latin america: argentina bolivia chiapas chile chile sur cmi brasil colombia ecuador mexico peru puerto rico qollasuyu rosario santiago tijuana uruguay valparaiso venezuela venezuela oceania: adelaide aotearoa brisbane burma darwin jakarta manila melbourne perth qc sydney south asia: india mumbai united states: arizona arkansas asheville atlanta austin baltimore big muddy binghamton boston buffalo charlottesville chicago cleveland colorado columbus dc hawaii houston hudson mohawk kansas city la madison maine miami michigan milwaukee minneapolis/st. paul new hampshire new jersey new mexico new orleans north carolina north texas nyc oklahoma philadelphia pittsburgh portland richmond rochester rogue valley saint louis san diego san francisco san francisco bay area santa barbara santa cruz, ca sarasota seattle tampa bay tennessee urbana-champaign vermont western mass worcester west asia: armenia beirut israel palestine process: fbi/legal updates mailing lists process & imc docs tech volunteer projects: print radio satellite tv video regions: oceania united states topics: biotech
printable version - js reader version - email this article - view hidden posts - tags and related articles
link:

The Stratification of Racism In Israel -- Phyllis Bennis via JA

by Phyllis Bennis, Institute for Policy Studies Sunday, Jun. 22, 2003 at 10:28 AM

Within Israel there are really 4 levels of citizenship, the first three being various levels of Jewish participation in Israeli society, which are thoroughly racialized. Beneath all these layers of Jews come--4th--the Palestinian citizens.


See: "For Jews Only: Racism Inside Israel:
An Interview with Phyllis Bennis"

http://www.hartford-hwp.com/archives/51a/093.html

Excerpt: " All Israeli citizens, including Palestinians, have the right to vote in elections for members of the Knesset (parliament) and for the prime minister. But not all rights are citizenship rights. Other rights are defined as “nationality rights,” and are reserved for Jews only. If you are a Jew, you have exclusive use of land, privileged access to private and public employment, special educational loans, home mortgages, preferences for admission to universities, and many other things. Many other special privileges are reserved for those who have served in the Israeli military. And military service is compulsory for all Jews (male and female), except for the ultra-Orthodox who get the same privileges as other Jews, but excludes Palestinians, who do not. "

-----------
(Bennis is an anti-Zionist Jewish-American person of conscience who is a public lecturer and Director of the Middle East Project at the Institute for Policy Studies in Washington, D.C.)

---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Excerpt fm *another* Bennis article (fm Colorlines Mag.):

From its origins in the 19th century, Zionism centered on the idea of creating a specifically Jewish state in which Jews would be protected and privileged over non-Jews. Zionist occupation of Palestine was at first meager, amounting to about 10 percent of the population by 1900. By 1947, Jews were still only about 30 percent of the population of Mandate Palestine and owned only six percent of the land, but the UN Partition Resolution that year still assigned 55 percent of the land to a new Jewish state. However, by means of the 1947-48 war, Israel took over even greater expanses of land and forcibly expelled about 750,000 Palestinians. This travesty was the basis for the official founding of the Israeli state in 1948.

[There is] an Israeli government, with the support of a substantial part of its Jewish population, which aims toward permanent subordination of Palestinian Arabs within its borders, along with domination over something that might be called a Palestinian state, but what would really amount to a dependent Bantustan. Essentially the same vision that motivated apartheid South Africa.

And there are even more complexities. Within Israel there are really 4 levels of citizenship, the first three being various levels of Jewish participation in Israeli society, which are thoroughly racialized.

(1) At the top of the pyramid--1st--are the Ashkenazi, the white European Jews. At the level of power the huge contingent of recent Russian immigrants--now about 20% of Israeli Jews--are being assimilated into the European-Ashkenazi sector, though they are retaining a very distinct cultural identity.

(2) The next--2nd--level down, which is now probably the largest component of the Jewish population, is the Mizrachi or Sephardic Jews, who are from the Arab countries.

(3) At the bottom--3rd-- level of the Jewish pyramid are the Ethiopian Jews, who are black. You can go into the poorest parts of Jewish West Jerusalem and find that it's predominantly Ethiopian.

This social and economic stratification took shape throughout the last 50 years as different groups of Jews from different part of the world came, for very different reasons, to Israel. So while the divisions reflected national origins, they play out in a profoundly racialized way.

The Yemeni Jews in particular faced extraordinary discrimination. They were transported more or less involuntarily from Yemen to Israel. On arrival they were held in primitive camps, and many Yemeni babies were stolen from their mothers and given for adoption to Ashkenazi families. In the early 1990s a high-profile campaign began to try to reunite some of those shattered families.

Over 80 percent of the land within Israel that was once owned by Palestinians has been confiscated. All told, 93 percent of Israel's land can only be leased or owned by Jews or Jewish agencies.

(4) Beneath all these layers of Jews come--4th--the Palestinian citizens.

All Israeli citizens, including Palestinians, have the right to vote in elections for members of the Knesset (parliament) and for the prime minister. But not all rights are citizenship rights. Other rights are defined as nationality rights, and are reserved for Jews only. If you are a Jew, you have exclusive use of land, privileged access to private and public employment, special educational loans, home mortgages, preferences for admission to universities, and many other things. Many other special privileges are reserved for those who have served in the
Israeli military. And military service is compulsory for all Jews (male and female), except for the ultra-Orthodox who get the same privileges as other Jews, but excludes Palestinians, who do not.

Today there are at least 20 laws that specifically provide unequal rights and obligations based on what the Israelis call “nationality”, which in Israel is defined on the basis of religion. Israelis must carry a card which identifies them as either a Jew, a Muslim, or a Christian.

["The distinctness of Zionist racism is the following: that [the] category 'Jew' is a legal category." Under the laws of the Jewish National Fund, "the land of Israel is owned by the Jewish people, it cannot be owned except by the Jewish people, it cannot be sold to non-Jews, they cannot rent it, they cannot work on it."]

A rigid hierarchy, highly racialized both within and between religious or national groups, orchestrates Israeli social life. Much of it is legally enforced. The most significant difference between this scenario and other similar ones is in the world's perception of the Israeli reality. For the overwhelming majority of the world's population, South Africa was always considered a pariah state. But Israel is not in that position. Israel is given a pass, if you will, on the question of racism. Because Jews were victims of the Nazi Holocaust, there's a way in which Israeli Jews are assumed to be incapable of such terrible racialized policies.

_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________

[ At its heart, Zionism is a western phenomenon. And we can understand it within the discourse of settler colonialism in which a block of people is transferred from Europe to somewhere else. The language used vis-à-vis Zionism is typical of nineteenth century imperialist discourse. A country solves its problems by exporting them. Therefore, if you have 'surplus Jews', as they were referred to, then you export them. The colonialists are transferred to the new location with the full awareness that the move involves expelling people who live there. As one of the leading founders of Israel and the state's first Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion acknowledged: "We are the aggressors. The land is theirs [the Arabs]. They are living in it. We come and take it from them."

Nonetheless, Zionism is not a Jewish phenomenon. Zionist thought was fully formulated by non-Jews and even anti-Semites. This sheds light on the creation of Zionism-it is actually a scheme to rid Europe of its Jews. (The 1917 Balfour Declaration, advocating a Jewish homeland in Palestine, refers to "90 percent of the population of Palestine . . . as non-Jewish communities.") When Arthur James Balfour was prime minister, he sponsored an act to prevent Jews from immigrating to England and later supported their immigration to Palestine through the declaration named after him. Balfour admitted that he was an anti-Semite, that he hated Jews. He referred to Jews as "a burden to western civilization." Moreover, the only member of the Lloyd George cabinet to protest against the Balfour Declaration was the one Jewish member, Edwin Montagu. ]
Report this post as:
Share on: Twitter, Facebook, Google+

add your comments



Freenet/Sone comments box:

This is a comment system called babcom, which is a decentralized, anonymous, encrypted, troll-resistant, comment system that runs atop Freenet. These comments are not stored on this IMC server - they exist in the Freenet cloud, and you must be running Freenet and Sone to see the comments. Install Freenet and try it out.

Use Node:

⚙ Babcom is trying to load the comments ⚙

This textbox will disappear when the comments have been loaded.

If the box below shows an error-page, you need to install Freenet with the Sone-Plugin or set the node-path to your freenet node and click the Reload Comments button (or return).

If you see something like Invalid key: java.net.MalformedURLException: There is no @ in that URI! (Sone/search.html), you need to setup Sone and the Web of Trust

If you had Javascript enabled, you would see comments for this page instead of the Sone page of the sites author.

Note: To make a comment which isn’t a reply visible to others here, include the red link below somewhere in the comment text.

Add this link to the comment:

Local News

Statement on Repression of Anarchist and Socialist Activity in Long Beach, CA J14 8:52AM

A Unique Theatrical Double Feature: “Dutchman” And “Train To Zakopane” At Edgemar Center J09 11:27AM

Occupy the Rose Parade: People’s Parade Follows Pasadena’s Tournament of Roses Parade J03 12:51AM

Demo Against Repression Outside Spanish Consulate in Los Angeles D26 4:37PM

The Electrical Divide: car charger deserts D23 12:37PM

ADI awards Congressman Jim Moran the 2014 Animal Champion Award for his dedication to end D19 12:07PM

#BlackLivesMatter Massive Lawyer Die-In at Los Angeles Courthouse D16 10:11PM

Liberal Majority Passes Sheriff's Civilian Review Board D09 8:40PM

KPFK in fund drive, yet again , but in deeperin trouble D09 12:01PM

INDY lost lots of concerned poster D09 11:27AM

PROTESTERS SHUT DOWN SAN FRANCISCO—AGAIN D07 10:52PM

FREE Silver Lake Consensus, Collaboration & Conflict Resolution Workshop w/STARHAWK D02 8:06AM

Protesting Hewlett-Packard on Black Friday N30 10:48PM

Wayne Pharr, Elder Freeman, Passed On in 2014 N30 2:33AM

Some LA Ferguson Protest Links N27 12:35AM

Protests at fig and Washington N24 11:09PM

LA Protests Grand Jury Decision N24 9:40PM

Chris Dixon on Indymedia On Air N24 6:49PM

NEW INTERVENTION BY FILIPINO WRITER IN FILIPINO N24 6:29AM

REMEMBERING CARLOS BULOSAN N23 6:27AM

RE-VISITING CARLOS BULOSAN N22 1:08PM

Winter 2014 National Immigrant Solidarity Network News Alert! N20 11:12PM

#UCLADivest N19 1:46AM

Ferguson verdict Monday? N16 1:42PM

TV LEGEND BOB BARKER FUNDS ‘LION’S SHARE’ OF SUCCESSFUL MISSION TO SAVE CIRCUS ANIMALS IN N13 11:30AM

Veterans Against Foreclosures Marches in San Fernando Veterans Day Parade N11 2:46PM

Disappeared Documentary in L.A N11 2:23PM

More Local News...

Other/Breaking News

Marupol Shelling: Kiev's Latest False Flag? J25 4:19AM

Lunatics Run the Washington Asylum J24 10:57AM

Tao Te Ching J24 9:39AM

The Correlation Of Sexual Function To Diet J24 8:03AM

Pentagon Directing Kiev's War on Donbas? J24 4:09AM

Paraphysique de l'autorité J24 1:15AM

Do Not Submit! Republish the Mohammed Cartoons Everywhere. Here’s How. J23 10:25PM

Simon Says J23 11:40AM

Expect Dirty Business as Usual Following Saudi King's Death J23 11:09AM

Blood Sport Of Football Correlated To War, Domestic Violence, Player Deaths, Paralysis J23 8:15AM

NATO Commander Lies Claiming Possible Russian Invasion of Ukraine J23 3:55AM

Councilman calls out jewish Voice for Peace for blind naked anti-Semitism J22 9:27PM

The Shortwave Report 01/23/15 Listen Globally! J22 4:47PM

VIDEO: Opportunity Village Eugene, 5 min J22 4:32PM

Kiev State-Sponsored Murder in Donetsk J22 11:29AM

Proposed Congressional Legislative Sanctions on Iran J22 8:36AM

Baseless Accusations of Russian Troops in Ukraine J22 3:50AM

Hydroponie et tribologie J22 2:47AM

Russia Responds to Obama's Bombastic State of the Union Address J21 11:12AM

Israeli State Terror the Root Cause of Palestinian Blowback J21 8:55AM

10 Strategies of Manipulation Revisited J21 7:22AM

December 2014 Honduras coup news update J21 6:11AM

America's Abysmal State J21 3:41AM

Treasury Dynamic Scoring Anal Refutes Claims of Supporters of the Tax Cuts J20 11:16AM

Israel's Latest Aggression J20 10:14AM

Pacific Radio Discovers Audio Of Speech by Dr King To London Audience J20 7:24AM

Genocide in Donbas J20 3:59AM

Paraphysique de la guerre totale J19 11:36PM

More Breaking News...
© 2000-2003 Los Angeles Independent Media Center. Unless otherwise stated by the author, all content is free for non-commercial reuse, reprint, and rebroadcast, on the net and elsewhere. Opinions are those of the contributors and are not necessarily endorsed by the Los Angeles Independent Media Center. Running sf-active v0.9.4 Disclaimer | Privacy