Recently I was informed that my school, as well as all other schools in California, is required by law to enact a patriotic activity on a daily basis. At once I thought this law was a clear violation of my freedom of speech, and so I decided to investigate. Section 52720 of the California Education Code, the law requiring this patriotic activity, states that in "every public secondary school [such as my high school] there shall be conducted daily appropriate patriotic exercises. The giving of the Pledge of Allegiance to the Flag of the United States of America shall satisfy such requirement."
The Supreme Court, however, ruled in West Virginia State Board of Education v. Barnette (1948) that the "action of a State [such as California] in making it compulsory for children in the public schools to salute the flag and pledge allegiance